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Essential Lens: Analyzing Photographs Across the Curriculum

#10001 Caring for Refugees, c. World War I


Date: 1919–1924
Location: France
Photographer: unknown
Source: Bain News Service/Library of Congress LC-B2- 4735-2



Staff from the American Committee for Devastated France (1919–1924), also known as C.A.R.D. (Comité Américain pour les Régions Dévastées de France), are aiding war refugees. Founded by the daughter of the financier John Pierpont Morgan, the mission of the small women’s volunteer aid organization was to help France recover from World War I. Female physicians who wanted to serve in Europe, but could not because military medical corps would not accept women as officers, served through their work with the committee.


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