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Discovering Psychology: Updated Edition

Investigation: Procedures

In the next phase of research, often referred to as the justification phase, you bring evidence to bear on your hypothesis. The Scientific Method of inquiry helps you, the researcher, to minimize error and yield dependable generalizations. In order to obtain reliable evidence that will generate valid conclusions, your research must be as objective as possible. To maximize objectivity and reduce influences and biases that could distort your evidence, you must follow certain procedures.

Click on the links to learn more, then test your knowledge:

When you complete the quiz below, explore Sample and Variables next.

Question 1: The scientific method is a ___.

Question 2: In order to obtain reliable evidence in your research, you must do everything you can to minimize ___ and maximize ___.

Question 3: Which of the following is an example of a placebo bias?