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The Reform Impulse
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The Industrial Revolution has its dark side, and it touches off an intense and often thrilling reform movement, encompassing the Second Great Awakening, the abolitionist movement, and the women's movement.
Key Events

From the Second Great Awakening to Seneca Falls.


The U.S. in the 1830s.


The full transcript and video.


Links to sites with primary and secondary source materials related to the topics of this program.

There are years in American history that stand out as especially significant. One of those years was 1831, a time when slavery and abolition exploded as national issues, when President Andrew Jackson faced the crisis of Cabinet resignations and the threat of nullification, when evangelical revivalism sought to restore some sense of community, and when new inventions promised to remake the face of the nation. At that very moment, Alexis de Tocqueville toured the United States and identified self-interest and individualism as the essential character traits of Americans.

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