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3. Utopian Promise   

3. Utopian

•  Unit Overview
•  Using the Video
•  Authors
•  Timeline
•  Activities


This timeline places literary publications (in black) in their historical contexts (in red).

1620s - Mayflower Compact (1620)
Plymouth Colony (1620)

1630s - William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation [1630-50 (pub 1868)]
- John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity (1630)
- Thomas Morton, New English Canaan (1637)
Thirty Years Wars of religion across Europe (1618-48)
Antinomian Controversy (1635-37)
Massachusetts Bay Colony (1630)
Pequot War (1637)

1640s - Anne Bradstreet, poetry (1642-69)
English Civil War (1642-48)
Revolution, Charles I executed (1649)
Cromwell's Puritan Commonwealth (1649-61)

1650s - Anne Bradstreet poetry (1642-1669)
- The Tenth Muse (1650)
First Quakers to New England
Halfway Covenant on problem of unconverted youth (1657-62)
Boston authorities hang four Quakers (1659-60)

1660s Charles II made king (1660)
War with Duch; English annex New Netherland (New York) (1664)

1670s - Edward Taylor poetry (1674-98)
King Philip's War (1675)

1680s - William Penn, "Letter to the Lenni Lenape [Delaware] Indians" (1681)
- Mary Rowlandson, Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration (1682)
Pennyslvania founded (1681-82)
Glorious Revolution removes Catholic James II;
John Locke asserts principle of consent of governed (1688)
War with France (1689-97)

1690s - Cotton Mather, The Wonders of the Invisible World (1693)
Salem witchcraft trials & executions (1692-93)
Judge Samuel Sewall openly prays for forgiveness for Salem trials

1700s - Sarah Kemble Knight, Journal (written 1704-05, pub. 1825)
- Samuel Sewall, The Selling of Joseph, first American anti-slavery tract (1700)
War with France (1702-13)
Eighteenth-century secularization of New England, growth of liberal philosophies, deism, scientific rationalism, imperial trade and mercantilism

1730s - Jonathan Edwards, revivalist writings (1735-40s)
"Great Awakening," a revitalization of piety and enthusiastic religion that swept the British American colonies (1735-40s)

1740s Peak years of British slave trade, involving New England shipping, southern colonies, Caribbean (1720-80)
War with France (1744-48)

1750s - John Woolman, Some Considerations on the Keeping of Negroes (1745 [pub. 1754])
Emergence of organized religious anti-slavery in England (1750s)
War with France (1754-63)

1760s - Samson Occom, Narrative (1768 [pub. 1982])
- Briton Hammon, Narrative first ex-slave narrative
French cede Canada and claims to Indian lands east of Mississippi River to British (1763)

- John Woolman, "Journal" (1774)
American Revolution (1775-83)
Declaration of Independence (1776)

Iroquois Wampum Belt
Anonymous, IROQUOIS WAMPUM BELT courtesy of, the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

The Mason Children
Anonymous, THE MASON CHILDREN: DAVID, JOANNA, ABIGAIL (1670) courtesy of, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, gift of Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd, 1979.7.3.

George Fox on the Mount of Vision
Violet Oakley, GEORGE FOX ON THE MOUNT OF VISION - THE VOICE OF ONE CRYING IN THE WILDERNESS (ca. 1911) courtesy of, Pennsylvania Capitol Preservation Committee & Hunt Commercial Photography.

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