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Waves: Sound

May 14, 2020

A series of activities for elementary age students to explore the world of sound, energy, and waves through fun games,…

Middle School Natural Selection: Lesson Plans

May 14, 2020

Educator Curriculum Lesson Plans A detailed lesson sequence to teach Natural Selection to middle school aged children through fun activities…

Middle School Earth Space Science: Energy Resources Lesson Plans

May 14, 2020

Educator Curriculum Lesson Plans A complete set of lesson plans and student handouts for activities covering energy resources, renewable, and…

Middle School Forces: Scrambler Car

May 14, 2020

Educator Curriculum Lesson Plans A set of detailed lesson plans to teach Newton’s laws to middle school-aged students through experimentation.…

8th Grade Chemistry

May 13, 2020

Educator Curriculum 5E Lesson Plans A detailed set of lesson plans covering chemical reactions that require students to use their…

NASA’s BEST Students: Grades 6-8

May 12, 2020

The NASA BEST Activities Guide has been developed by a team from the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center’s Office of…

Build a Solar Oven

May 12, 2020

Middle school learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Design a Lunar Thermos

May 12, 2020

Middle school learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Launch Your CEV

May 12, 2020

Middle school learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Design a Crew Exploration Vehicle

May 12, 2020

Middle school learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Design a Landing Pod

May 12, 2020

Middle school learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Design a Lunar Buggy

May 12, 2020

Middle school learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Prepare for a Mission

May 12, 2020

Join NASA on an adventure through solving an engineering challenge using the engineering design cycle to design and build a…

Launch Your Satellite

May 12, 2020

Middle school learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Build a Satellite to Orbit the Moon

May 12, 2020

Middle school learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

8th Grade Forces & Motion – Overview

May 12, 2020

Educator Curriculum Related Materials include: Lesson Objectives Performance Expectations Activity Overview Graphic Organizer Balloon Racers activity handout Mass Transit Proposal…

Putt Putt Boat

May 11, 2020

HIGH SCHOOL THERMODYNAMICS – EDUCATOR CURRICULUM Energy comes in many forms and can be usable in many ways. Explore a…

Electricity: House Project

May 11, 2020

HIGH SCHOOL PHYSICS – EDUCATOR CURRICULUM  A set of lessons to instruct Electrical theory and basic circuitry. Students will have…

Forces: Glider

May 11, 2020

HIGH SCHOOL PHYSICS – EDUCATOR CURRICULUM  A series of lessons to teach Newton’s Laws of motion through experimentation and to…

Kinematics: Mouse Trap Car

May 11, 2020

HIGH SCHOOL PHYSICS – EDUCATOR CURRICULUM  You will find a detailed series of lesson plans to guide students through discovering…

Momentum and Impulse: Egg Drop

May 11, 2020

HIGH SCHOOL PHYSICS – EDUCATOR CURRICULUM Ever wonder why we have airbags or crumple zones in cars? Experiment with momentum,…

Waves & Sound: Building The Band

May 11, 2020

HIGH SCHOOL PHYSICS – EDUCATOR CURRICULUM Ever wonder how you hear your favorite music? Explore the basics of sound waves…

Electricity & Magnetism: Headphone-Design

May 11, 2020

HIGH SCHOOL PHYSICS – EDUCATOR CURRICULUM Michael Faraday was the first to discover a usable application of electromagnetic induction. Now…

Conservation of Energy: Chain Reaction

May 11, 2020

HIGH SCHOOL PHYSICS – EDUCATOR CURRICULUM The conservation of energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but changes…

Build a Solar Oven

May 11, 2020

Grade 3-5 learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Design a Lunar Thermos

May 11, 2020

Grade 3-5 learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Launch Your CEV

May 11, 2020

Grade 3-5 learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Design a Crew Exploration Vehicle

May 11, 2020

Grade 3-5 learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Design a Landing Pod

May 11, 2020

Grade 3-5 learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Design a Lunar Buggy

May 11, 2020

Grade 3-5 learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Prepare for a Mission

May 11, 2020

Join NASA on an adventure through solving an engineering challenge using the engineering design cycle to design and build a…

Launch Your Satellite

May 11, 2020

Grade 3-5 learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

Build a Satellite to Orbit the Moon

May 11, 2020

Grades 3-5 learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on…

NASA’s BEST Students: Grades 3-5

May 08, 2020

The NASA BEST Activities Guide has been developed by a team from the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center’s Office of…

Build a Solar Oven

May 08, 2020

K-2 Learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on an…

Design a Lunar Thermos

May 08, 2020

K-2 Learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on an…

Launch Your CEV

May 08, 2020

K-2 Learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on an…

Design a Crew Exploration Vehicle

May 08, 2020

K-2 Learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on an…

Design a Landing Pod

May 08, 2020

K-2 Learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on an…

Engineering Design Process

May 08, 2020

The Engineering Design Process is a tool used by engineers to define a problem. Art, Science, and Math are often…

Design a Lunar Buggy

May 08, 2020

K-2 Learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on an…

Prepare for a Mission

May 08, 2020

K-2 Learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on an…

Additional Project Resources

May 08, 2020

WEBSITES, BOOKS, ETC. Provided are additional project resources to further supplement project-based learning. It is our hopes that educators and…

Launch Your Satellite

May 08, 2020

K-2 Learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on an…

Build a Satellite to Orbit the Moon

May 08, 2020

K-2 Learners will be guided through a series of challenges that follow the engineering design cycle. Join NASA on an…

NASA’s BEST Students: K – Grade 2

May 08, 2020

The NASA BEST Activities Guide has been developed by a team from the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center’s Office of…

Brainstorm

May 07, 2020

Reflect on the process and lessons completed to get to the end. How are each component related and how do…

Group Presentation

May 07, 2020

Present the tower design, and the design process and challenges that the team underwent during the tower project. OBJECTIVE: Learners…

Group Discussion

May 07, 2020

Apply systematically and from evidence the necessary modifications to the proposed tower design. OBJECTIVE: Learners will reason and make modifications…

Viewer Response

May 07, 2020

Put STEAM to the test! Learners create a system to gather data on aesthetics of their design – a test…

Earthquake Table Test

May 07, 2020

Research and collect data on structural soundness of their proposed tower designs. Testing will always provide data that will inform…

Building Our Tower

May 07, 2020

Relying on engineering, communication and record keeping, students use a method of keeping track of their design progress. Use engineering…

Team Plan and Task Assignments

May 07, 2020

Relying on previous lessons, students set out in the engineering design process by setting and executing a plan of attack…

Team Roles

May 07, 2020

Organization, communication, and task assignment are the proper paths to success. Here students collaborate to share responsibility to work collectively in…

Drawing of Group Design

May 07, 2020

A reflection activity on the power of group work. Students will come to appreciate how a variety of unique backgrounds…

The Language of Form

May 07, 2020

A discussion of how to translate science and engineering into an art space. This is an extension of the discussion…

Lever Experiment

May 07, 2020

STEAM is the key to any successful structure. Here students will interact with the concepts of balance and symmetry to determine…

Types of Joints

May 07, 2020

Learn about tower connections that give rigidity and structure to bare materials. Learners will interact with method of connecting materials…

Motorized Marker Car

May 07, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 Motors are a surefire way to spark interest in your students. Everybody loves watching an…

Thaumatrope

May 06, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 2 A thaumatrope consists of two images drawn on opposite sides of an object that’s attached…

Telephone Nominal

May 06, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 “Hello?” Engineer working telephones using the science of sound waves. MATERIALS NEEDED: ❏ Two paper…

Salty Sound Waves

May 06, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 It’s something we take part in daily: listening to the world around us. But how…

Parts of a Tower

May 06, 2020

Using research methods students use historical designs of towers to influence their design. OBJECTIVE: Learners will identify different parts of…

Properties of Solids Sort

May 06, 2020

Students will experiment with different solid materials and identify unique properties that will inform their design abilities. OBJECTIVE: Learners will…

The Engineering Design Process

May 06, 2020

Take students through a journey of the engineering design process as they prepare their tower design from the perspective of…

Artist, Scientist, Engineer

May 06, 2020

After exploring the world of art, students combine art with STEM to create STEAM. Students will learn first hand how…

Mediums of Sculpture

May 06, 2020

Combine art with material selection as learners use methods and techniques to sculpt various materials with differing properties. These lessons…

Sculpting

May 06, 2020

Use this activity to experiment with sculpting of materials. This will aid students in designing their tower using art for…

El Pueblo: The Watts Towers

May 06, 2020

Work with other students in groups to formulate a sound approach to building a tower. Students will use various lenses…

Building With Materials

May 06, 2020

Students will explore various material properties that will influence the design of their tower through proper material selection. INITIAL TOWER…

Engineering Towers | Elementary School Educator Curriculum

May 06, 2020

Take your students through the engineering design cycle. Students will have a chance to explore, materials, tower designs, artistic methods,…

SOHO Bingo

May 06, 2020

Project Structure Engage/Explain: This is a simple and fun build and can be used as an interactive game to check…

Vector-y is Ours

May 06, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to use SOHO Bricks as manipulatives to add and subtract vectors. Essential Question: How might…

Probable. Cause?

May 06, 2020

Objective: Child will explore probability with bricks in the real world and compare its theoretical outcome over time. Essential Question:…

What Are The Chances?

May 06, 2020

Objective: Child will develop an understanding that a probability of an event occurring will always be a fraction or a…

When Bricks Collide

May 06, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to investigate system of equations to find their solutions using SOHO Brick graphs. Essential Question:…

In the mx

May 06, 2020

Objective: Child will use similar triangles to determine slope and interpret unit rates as slopes. Essential Question: How might we…

Mud Bricks

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 Mud brick houses have been a part of human civilization for thousands of years. Dating…

Living Things Made Out of Cells

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL — LEVEL 3 Imagine plunging to microscopic levels and playing a game in the inside of a cell…

Melting Wax Molecular Model

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 3 Candle wax drips onto a cake because the flame at the top adds thermal energy…

Put Put Boat

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 3 Steam engines are external combustion engines that perform mechanical functions, using steam as their working…

Mousetrap Car

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 3 Our STEAM labs are full of materials that can be used to build a great…

Magnetic Train

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 3 “Maglev” trains, short for “magnetic levitation,” are a type of train being used in some…

Ultimate Recycling Machine

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 2 The Ultimate Recycling Machine is an interactive learning experience that teaches principles of engineering. The…

Illuminated Zodiac

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 2 What’s your sign? Let’s make it shine! Constellations are groups of stars that the ancients…

Coupled Resonant Pendulums

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 2 The resonant frequency of a pendulum is the number of times that it swings back…

Baking Soda Bottle Rocket

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 2 A rocket is a missile or craft that is propelled by the thrust from a…

Paper Circuits

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 2 Paper circuits are a cheap, easy way to learn about electrical circuitry. They are simple…

Water Desalination

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 Salt water makes up the majority of water on the planet. Imagine if there were…

Photosynthesis

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 Photosynthesis is the process through which plants convert sunlight into energy. This experiment allows you…

Blockly Games

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 Blockly games are a series of games that introduce the principles of coding to kids.…

Scent Boxes

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 Our nose plays a huge part in appetite, sensing danger, and is something that plays…

Density Pillar

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 Try your hand at this stackable liquid house of cards. This experiment is about fluids…

Binary Code Cracking

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 Coding is the language we use to communicate with computers. It’s how programmers are able…

Bottle Flute

May 04, 2020

MIDDLE SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 The flute is a musical instrument in the woodwinds family. It is unique in its…

Pop Bottle Ecosystem

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL — LEVEL 3 An ecosystem is a community of organisms living within the same environment. For this project,…

Straw Roller Coaster

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL — LEVEL 3 The world’s oldest roller coaster dates back to 1912 and still stands today in Luna…

Elastic Solar System

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL — LEVEL 3 We live in a gravitationally-bound system called the Milky Way, which consists of the sun…

The Egg Drop

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL — LEVEL 3 According to Galileo’s law of falling bodies, objects fall to the earth at a constant…

Infinity Images

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 3 Infinity mirrors are two parallel mirrors that create smaller and smaller images that appear to…

Melted Crayon Painting

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 3 Crayon painting is a unique and cool way to make one of a kind art…

Pendulum Painting

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 3 The first scientific experiments on pendulums were conducted around 1602 A.D. by famous scientist Galileo…

Water Electrolysis

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 2 Water is made up of hydrogen and oxygen. Through the process of electrolysis we can…

Invisible Ink

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 2 Invisible ink is a form of steganography, the practice of concealing a message inside of…

Paper Airplane Cargo Race

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 2 Who doesn’t love paper airplanes? My favorite way to pass time as a kid, and…

Kaleidoscope & Periscope (2 of 2)

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 2 The periscope is an instrument used to see over or around objects. This is done…

Kaleidoscope & Periscope (1 of 2)

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 2 Have you gazed through a kaleidoscope before? Watched a fractal reality twisting on itself? How…

3D Color Wheel

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 2 Today, let’s create rainbows of paint by mixing three primary colors. But why show this…

Balloon Race

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 2 Get your kids in the competitive spirit and see who can build the best balloon…

Self Watering Terrarium

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL — LEVEL 2 A terrarium is a sealed container that can be opened to access the plants inside.…

Gelatin Refraction

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL — LEVEL 1 MATERIALS NEEDED: ❏ 1 box of gelatin ❏ Mirror ❏ Laser pointer ❏ Clear containers…

Robo Hand

May 04, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 Leonardo da Vinci is one of history’s most notable scholars. Among other interests, he studied…

Slime Time

May 01, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 Oozing, gooey, fun for all. Homemade slime is a winner with kids. Put down some…

Man The Catapult!

May 01, 2020

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL – LEVEL 1 The castle is under siege! Experimenting with up-cycled materials, students will be launching cotton balls…

The Plots Thicken

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to practice plotting points on a coordinate plane. Essential Question: How might we plot points…

Why Coordinate?

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to plot and draw polygons on a coordinate plane given a set of vertices. They…

Hold The (Number) Line

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to determine a way to represent numbers going different directions using + and – numbers.…

Bricks Are A Factor

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to construct a fluid multiplication table to determine all of the whole number factored pairs…

Monster Brick Rally

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will create SOHO Brick monsters of their own design and will compare their features using ratios. Essential Question:…

Building Out Of The Box

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to use SOHO Bricks as manipulatives to help in answering questions using equations and inequalities…

The Building Bricks of Life

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to develop models of living things and their needs to live using SOHO Bricks as…

Pump Up the Volumes

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will understand that volume is how you measure the amount of space something takes up. Essential Question(s): How…

Plane Dealings

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to graph points on a coordinate plane based on the data they collect. Essential Question(s):…

The Shadow Knows

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will measure the movement of the sun through measuring the movement of shadows. Essential Question(s): How can we…

Greater Than One

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to use bricks for beginning fraction multiplication. Essential Question(s): When multiplying whole numbers by a…

A Roll of the Brick

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to use bricks for beginning fraction multiplication. Essential Question(s): When multiplying whole numbers by a…

State of the Brick

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will understand the basics of conservation of matter. Essential Question(s): What happens when matter changes? Is anything lost?…

Unidentified Objects

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will understand that materials have a variety of properties and that these can be used separately or together…

Top Brick

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will understand how placement and weight affect the motion of an object. Essential Question(s): How does the placement…

Control Towers

Apr 30, 2020

Objective: Child will design a marble run for multiple marbles at various stages to see how force impacts the movement…

Run Brick Run

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will understand how various forces work to amplify or impede movement. Essential Question(s): What do you need to…

Brick Blow-up

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will understand that resizing something involves scaling through multiplication. Essential Question(s): How do you make something bigger or…

Create = Great

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to create something and explain the choices they made in its design. Essential Question(s): What…

Graph Track

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to represent data in a bar graph and use the data to make inferences about…

New and Improved

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will plan and build a second caddy. Essential Question(s): How do we build something that works effectively? What…

Bricks Matter

Apr 29, 2020

Objective(s): Child will understand that matter is made up of parts of things and that those parts can be disassembled…

Not Just One Direction

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will understand the directionality of addition and subtraction. Essential Question(s): How can we use grouping to better understand…

Interesting Groups

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will understand the directionality of addition. Essential Question(s): How can we use grouping to better understand addition? Special…

It All Adds Up

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to add three numbers using objects and regrouping. Essential Question(s): What strategies can you use…

Bricks By Design

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to explore engineering by designing and building a desk caddy out of bricks. Essential Question(s):…

Mixed Bricks

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to add mixed fractions by physically regrouping. Essential Question(s): How do you add mixed fractions?…

Bricks In Fraction

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to visually represent equivalent fractions by overlapping different sizes of bricks. Essential Question(s): How do…

Sort It Out

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to notice different ways of grouping items. Essential Question(s): How can we sort similar things?…

Divide a Build

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to understand the basics of division. Essential Question(s): How can we better understand division of…

Bricks… They’re Multiplyin’

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will understand the commutative property of multiplication. Essential Question(s): How does multiplication work? Is there a direction, or…

Every Brick Tells a Story

Apr 29, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to create an imaginary object or creature out of bricks and use it as the…

The Brick Street Irregulars

Apr 28, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to find the area of an irregular shape. Essential Question(s): What strategies can we use…

Define Your Perimeters

Apr 28, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to find the perimeter of rectangles. Essential Question(s): What strategies can we use to find…

Bricks Measure Up

Apr 28, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to create a ruler and measure everyday objects. Essential Question(s): How do we measure things?…

Decoding Area

Apr 22, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to find the area of an irregular shape using various methods (counting, breaking design into…

Build a Bar Chart

Apr 18, 2020

Objective: Child will be able to create a bar graph representing statistics. Essential Question(s): How can we show trends and…

Project Playbook: Educator Edition

Apr 17, 2020

Dear reader, inventor, and aspiring leader, Whether you are a parent, a teacher, or a friend of the young makers…

Part A: Observing a Case Study (25 minutes)

Mar 27, 2020

To begin the exploration of what topics in number and operations look like in a classroom at your grade level,…

TerrAqua Column | Track Our Progress: What Is It? | Terrestrial System

Mar 10, 2020

Scroll through the pictures below to see enlargements of the terrestrial habitat of our TerrAqua system. See the What Is…

Advocating and Securing the Rights of Displaced Persons: The Roles of Governments, International Groups, and Individuals

Dec 12, 2019

Background Note: Sections of this background are taken from the Collection introduction because they support the learning targets of this…

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#2573 Generating Power

Dec 12, 2019

#2573 A woman sits in profile on a stationary bicycle in the foreground of the image. Her profile orientation and placement…

#2574 Bicidesgranadora (Mill/Corn Thresher)

Dec 12, 2019

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#8047 Migratory Mexican field worker’s home on the edge of a frozen pea field. Imperial Valley, California

Dec 12, 2019

#8047 The black and white photograph depicts a Mexican migrant family in front of a makeshift shelter in California. The photograph…

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#264 Man in Doorway

Dec 12, 2019

#265 Son of migratory worker from Kansas in squatters’ camp near Farmersville, California

Dec 12, 2019

#268 Scenes of the northern Shenandoah Valley, including the Resettlement Administration’s Shenandoah Homesteads

Dec 12, 2019

#275 Dorothea Lange in the Field, 1938

Dec 12, 2019

#285 Sign advertising farmland auction, New Carlisle, Ohio

Dec 12, 2019

#298 Pink Pride, Trombone Shorty

Dec 12, 2019

#252 Elizabeth and Dora Mae Tengle, Hale County, Alabama

Dec 12, 2019

#257 Washington, D.C. Neighborhood children

Dec 12, 2019

#258 Dock Worker/Flower Sacks

Dec 12, 2019

#259 Mother with her children, Oaklawn Plantation

Dec 12, 2019

#261 The Blessing

Dec 12, 2019

#262 Single Men Social and Pleasure Club

Dec 12, 2019

#246 Supper Time

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#235 Washington, Yakima Valley, near Wapato.

Dec 12, 2019

#236 Roy E. Stryker, photograph chief of the U.S. Farm Security Administration standing in street, probably in Washington, D.C.

Dec 12, 2019

#237 Group of children posing under sign.

Dec 12, 2019

#245 Two Children of the Mochida Family, with Their Parents, Awaiting Evacuation Bus

Dec 12, 2019

#221 Zollie Lyon, Negro sharecropper.

Dec 12, 2019

#224 Women being transported from Memphis, Tennessee to an Arkansas plantation

Dec 12, 2019

#227 Plantation overseer.

Dec 12, 2019

#228 Cotton hoer near Clarksdale, Mississippi

Dec 12, 2019

#230 Roy Emerson Stryker, half-length portrait, seated at desk, talking on the telephone

Dec 12, 2019

#232 Daughter of migrant Tennessee coal miner.

Dec 12, 2019

#121 Dust storm, Elkhart, Kan.

Dec 12, 2019

#205 Untitled

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#215 Dorothea Lange, Resettlement Administration photographer, in California

Dec 12, 2019

#217 Country store on dirt road. Sunday afternoon.

Dec 12, 2019

#219 Franklin D. Roosevelt at desk

Dec 12, 2019

#120 Toward Los Angeles, Calif.

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#7043 Harlem Tenement in Summer

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#5020 Columbia University, New York, 1968

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Focus in on this Photo: #5020 Columbia University, New York, 1968

Dec 12, 2019

#5020 The black and white photograph depicts a group of young people sitting on the floor in the entry hall of…

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#3515 How people are adapting to climate change and fighting food insecurity

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#3520 The color photograph depicts four people standing at the edge of a grassy cliff. Large pieces of earth have broken…

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#3513 How people are adapting to climate change and fighting food insecurity

Dec 12, 2019

#3500 Permafrost Erosion Measurement

Dec 12, 2019

#3503 Muir Glacier and Muir Inlet, 1980

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#3504 Muir Glacier and Muir Inlet, 2003

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#3038 In the black and white photograph, three young boys stand holding stacks of newspapers at their sides. It is nighttime,…

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#301 Dunes in Herschel Crater, Mars (detail)

Dec 12, 2019

Case Studies

Nov 15, 2019

These four case studies are interactivities based on actual scientific research projects carried out by leading teams in the field.…

#10043 Refugees waiting for work at Marsavan [i.e. Marsovan]

Nov 01, 2019

#2013

Oct 31, 2019

Exchange Rates Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

International Trade Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Monetary Policy Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Federal Deficits Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Stagflation Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

The Federal Reserve Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

The Banking System Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Inflation Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Fiscal Policy Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

The Great Depression and the Keynsian Revolution Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Boom and Bust Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

GNP/GDP Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Resources and Scarcity Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Public Goods and Responsibility Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Economic Growth Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Reducing Poverty Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Profits and Interest Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Monopoly Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Supply and Demand Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Stabilization Policy Quiz

Sep 26, 2019

Interview with Featured Scientist Srini Rajagopalan

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: What is your role in the ATLAS project? SRINI: I’ve taken on many roles in ATLAS, but for the past…

Interview with Featured Scientist S.-H. Henry Tye

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: Why is there a need for string theory and extra dimensions? HENRY: We don’t know how to merge general…

Interview with Featured Scientist Piers Coleman

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: What is emergence? PIERS: To understand the concept of emergence, you have to contrast it with the word reductionism.…

Interview with Featured Scientist Rick Gaitskell

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: What is an unanswered question in physics and how does your research address that question? RICK: At the end…

Interview with Featured Scientist Harald Paganetti

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: Can you please talk about the history of proton therapy at MGH? HARALD: The idea came out of the…

Interview with Featured Scientist Mark C. Kruse

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: What is the history of research and discovery at Fermilab? MARK: There is quite a rich program. And the…

Featured Scientist Paul Kwiat

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: What first got you interested in science? PAUL: Well, I guess when I was in high school I knew…

Interview with Featured Scientist Vinothan N. Manoharan

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: What are your specific research interests? VINOTHAN: My particular research and interest now has to do with systems of many…

Interview with Featured Scientist David Spergel

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: Could you please tell me about the focus of your research? DAVID: For me, one of the big questions…

Interview with Featured Scientist Paul Chaikin

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: What is emergence? PAUL: Well, emergence is when you have basic fundamental entities that have properties on their own,…

Interview with Featured Scientist Robert P. Kirshner

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: What do you do in your research? ROBERT: We set out to find out how much the galaxies had…

Interview with Featured Scientist Juan Maldacena

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: How did you get interested in physics? JUAN: I was interested in understanding how things work, how the TV…

Interview with Featured Scientist Martin Zwierlein

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: What is the quantum mechanical concept of spin? MARTIN: So, it turns out, every elementary particle in nature has…

Interview with Featured Scientist Jenny Hoffman

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: Why did you become a scientist? JENNY: I’m just curious about how things work. I think I became a…

Interview with Featured Scientist Lene Hau

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: How did you get interested in physics? LENE: Well, I think my first interest was in some sense in…

Interview with Featured Scientist Eric Adelberger

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: What motivated the beginning of the Eot-Wash group? ERIC: The question of what’s called the “Principle of Equivalence.” Do…

Interview with Featured Scientist Deborah S. Jin

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: Why did you become a scientist? JENNY: I’m just curious about how things work. I think I became a…

Interview with Featured Scientist Doug Finkbeiner

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: What is an unanswered in physics and how does your research address that question? DOUG: I think one of…

Interview with Featured Scientist David J. Wineland

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: Can you describe where you work and what you do? DAVID: I’m a physicist at the National Institute of…

Interview with Featured Scientist Ayana T. Arce

Sep 18, 2019

Interviewer: So what motivates your research? AYANA: In our research, we are trying to search for and characterize the unknown. Basically,…

Interview with Featured Scientist Bonnie Fleming

Sep 06, 2019

Interviewer: What is Fermilab? BONNIE: Fermilab is the high-energy physics laboratory in the United States. It is up until very…

Interview with Featured Scientist Nergis Mavalvala

Aug 23, 2019

Interview: How did Einstein change the way we understand gravity? NERGIS: Einstein showed us a new way to think about…

Risk, Exposure, and Health Video

Aug 09, 2019

Human Population Dynamics Video

Aug 09, 2019

     

Ecosystems Video

Aug 09, 2019

   

Many Planets, One Earth Video

Aug 09, 2019

   

Agriculture Video

Aug 07, 2019

Glossary

Aug 02, 2019

Ethics

Jul 29, 2019

Data Analysis

Jul 29, 2019

Data Collection

Jul 29, 2019

Investigation: Methodology

Jul 29, 2019

Investigation: Sample and Variables

Jul 29, 2019

Investigation: Procedures

Jul 29, 2019

Investigation: The Question

Jul 26, 2019

Interview with Edward O. Wilson

Jul 25, 2019

Interviewer: Tell us about your early life, when you first realized you were going to be a naturalist. EDWARD: I…

Interview with Daniel Pauly

Jul 25, 2019

Interviewer: Would you tell us about your research. DANIEL: I’m the Director of the Fishery Center at the University of…

Looking Forward: Our Global Experiment Video

Jul 25, 2019

Interview with Lonnie Thompson

Jul 25, 2019

Interviewer: I’d like to begin by asking you about early life experiences that influenced you to go into science. LONNIE:…

Interview with Chris Field

Jul 25, 2019

Interviewer: I’d like to start by asking you to tell us about this unique place, the Jasper Ridge Biological Reserve.…

Energy Challenges Video

Jul 25, 2019

   

Water Resources Video

Jul 24, 2019

   

Atmosphere

Jul 24, 2019

Interview with Luisa T. Molina

Jul 24, 2019

Interviewer: When did you realize that you wanted to develop a career in atmospheric science? LUISA: I grew up in…

Interview with Charles Kolb

Jul 24, 2019

Interviewer: How did Aerodyne Research, Inc. get started? CHUCK: Aerodyne was founded in late 1970 by a couple of scientists…

Earth’s Changing Climate (video)

Jul 24, 2019

Atmospheric Pollution Video

Jul 24, 2019

   

Interview with William F. Laurance

Jul 24, 2019

Interviewer: What is the focus of your research? BILL: The focus of our research is essentially how do humans affect tropical…

Interview with Jeremy B. C. Jackson

Jul 24, 2019

Interviewer: What is your role in studying this global problem of marine biodiversity decline? JEREMY: From the point of view of…

Biodiversity Decline Video

Jul 24, 2019

Oceans Video

Jul 24, 2019

   

Interview with Neeraj Gupta

Jul 24, 2019

Interviewer: How did you get involved in geologic sequestration? NEERAJ: That’s an interesting question because I’ve been involved in this…

Interview with John Holdren

Jul 24, 2019

Interviewer: Would you begin by explaining the IPAT relation. How does it work? And what strategies does that therefore imply?…

Interview with Tom Maddock

Jul 24, 2019

Interviewer: Can you tell us what you do? TOM: I am a Professor of Hydrology and Water Resources at the University…

Interview with Pam Matson

Jul 24, 2019

Interviewer: Tell me about what you do and how you came to be interested in this project. PAM: I’m a…

Interview with Peter Kenmore

Jul 24, 2019

Interviewer: Where do you conduct your research? PETER: Anywhere that rice is grown, most of which are in Asia, but…

Interview with Robin M. Whyatt

Jul 24, 2019

Interviewer: Can you tell us who you are and what do you do? ROBIN: I am Dr. Robin Whyatt. I…

Interview with Howard Hu

Jul 24, 2019

Interviewer: How did you get interested in science? HOWARD: Well, my parents were Chinese immigrants. My father was an engineer and…

Interview with Martha Farnsworth Riche

Jul 23, 2019

Interviewer: Can you tell us about the history of your role in the U.S. Census? MARTHA: I’m a demographer which…

Interview with Deborah Balk

Jul 23, 2019

Interviewer: Can you tell us something about what you do. DEBORAH: I’m a demographer and demographers study human population; some…

Interview with Stuart Davies

Jul 23, 2019

Interviewer: What is your position and who do you work for? STUART: I am the Director of the Center for…

Interview with Robert Crabtree

Jul 23, 2019

Interviewer: How did you first get involved in the ecosystem in science? BOB: When I was seven years old, and…

Interview with Penny Chisholm

Jul 23, 2019

Interviewer: Tell me a bit about your position here. PENNY: My name is Penny Chisholm and I’m a professor in…

Interview with Mark Cane

Jul 23, 2019

Interviewer: You told me earlier that you are a mathematician. How did you get involved with climate? MARK: I was…

Interview with Pieter Tans

Jul 23, 2019

Interviewer: What is the history of The Global Monitoring Division (GMD)? PIETER: I’ll start further back a little bit. Mankind’s use…

Interview with Kerry Emanuel

Jul 23, 2019

Interviewer: I’d like to begin by asking you how you first got interested in weather phenomenon. Can you think back…

Interview with Paul Hoffman

Jul 23, 2019

Interviewer: What regulates the average temperature of the Earth over billions of years? PAUL: This only really became a question in…

Interview with Andy Knoll

Jul 23, 2019

Interviewer: What makes Mars different from Earth? ANDY: If you look at a picture of Mars from one of the NASA…

Interview with Wendy Graham

Jul 23, 2019

Interviewer: Can you tell us who you are and what you do? WENDY: My name is Wendy Graham. I’m a professor…

Introduction

Jun 19, 2019

Introduction To Online Text By Christopher Stubbs  

Extra: Tabletop Cavendish Gravity Experiment

Jun 18, 2019

Online Textbook

Jun 18, 2019

Online Text by Natalie Roe The videos and online textbook units can be used independently. When using both, it is…

Online Textbook and Video

Jun 12, 2019

This online textbook chapter supports and extends the content of the Genetically Modified Organisms video. The chapter provides details of…

Expert Interview Transcript: G. David Tilman, PhD

Jun 12, 2019

G. David Tilman, PhD Professor of Ecology; Director, Cedar Creek Natural History Area Professor of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior at…

Expert Interview Transcript: Eleanor Sterling, PhD

Jun 12, 2019

Eleanor Sterling, PhD Director, Center for Biodiversity and Conservation Sterling has over fifteen years of field experience studying biodiversity from…

Expert Interview Transcript: Peter H. Raven, PhD

Jun 12, 2019

Peter H. Raven, PhD Director, Missouri Botanical Garden Director of the Missouri Botanical Garden, and one of the world’s leading…

Expert Interview Transcript: Rick Ostfeld, PhD

Jun 12, 2019

Rick Ostfeld, PhD Animal Ecologist Animal ecologist at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies in Millbrook, New York. His research focuses…

Expert Interview Transcript: James Miller, PhD

Jun 12, 2019

James Miller, PhD Curator and Head, Applied Research Department at the Missouri Botanical Garden; Adjunct Professor Curator and head of…

Online Textbook and Video

Jun 12, 2019

This online textbook chapter supports and extends the content of the Biodiversity video. The chapter examines our moral responsibilities to…

Biodiversity

Jun 12, 2019

With current extinction rates exceeding those of previous mass extinctions, many biodiversity studies focus on efforts to count Earth’s species…

Expert Interview Transcripts: Eric Vilain, M.D., PhD

Jun 12, 2019

Eric Vilain, M.D., PhD Assistant Professor of Genetics Vilain is an assistant professor of Human Genetics at UCLA. His laboratory…

Expert Interview Transcript: David Page, MD

Jun 12, 2019

David Page, MD Member, Whitehead Institute Page is an investigator at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and is also the associate…

Expert Interview Transcript: Holly A. Ingraham, PhD

Jun 12, 2019

Holly A. Ingraham, PhD Professor of Physiology Ingraham is UCSF associate professor of physiology and obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive sciences…

Online Textbook and Video

Jun 12, 2019

This online textbook chapter supports and extends the content of the Sex and Gender video. The chapter covers genetic imprinting,…

Biology of Sex and Gender

Jun 12, 2019

Genes determine whether a human embryo develops as a female or a male. This unit examines new findings and concepts…

Expert Interview Transcript: John Williams, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Senior Scientist, Vollum Institute John Williams, Ph.D., is a senior scientist at the Vollum Institute in Portland, Oregon. Williams investigates…

Expert Interview Transcript: Richard Huganir, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Professor of Neuroscience; Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Richard Huganir, PhD, is a professor of neuroscience at Johns Hopkins University…

Expert Interview Transcript: Fred Gage, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Professor of Genetics Fred Gage, Ph.D., is a professor in the Laboratory of Genetics at the Salk Institute in San…

Expert Interview Transcript: Wolfhard Almers, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Senior Scientist, Vollum Institute Wolfhard Almers, Ph.D., is a senior scientist at the Vollum Institute in Portland, Oregon. Neurons release…

Online Textbook and Video

Jun 12, 2019

This online textbook chapter supports and extends the content of the Neurobiology video. The chapter covers the basic electrical workings…

Neurobiology

Jun 12, 2019

A neuron’s electrical activity results in the release of neurotransmitters that account for everything from survival to addiction to learning…

Expert Interview Transcript: Christopher Wills, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Professor of Biology Professor of Biological Sciences at the University of California at San Diego. He studies intriguing questions about…

Expert Interview Transcript: Ajit Varki, M.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Director, Glycobiology Research and Training Center Professor of Medicine and Cellular Molecular Medicine and Director of the Glycobiology Research and…

Expert Interview Transcript: Ian Tattersall, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Curator, Department of Anthropology, American Museum of Natural History Curator in the Department of Anthropology at the American Museum of…

Expert Interview Transcript: Kari Stefansson, M.D.

Jun 12, 2019

CEO and Chairman of the Board, DeCode Genetics CEO and the Chairman of the Board of DeCode Genetics in Iceland.…

Online Textbook and Video

Jun 12, 2019

This online textbook chapter supports and extends the content of the Human Evolution video. The chapter explores the incredibly small…

Human Evolution

Jun 12, 2019

Human evolution has been a hotly debated field of study, now aided by molecular data and new fossil finds. This…

Expert Interview Transcript: Robert Weinberg, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Member, Whitehead Institute Weinberg is a founding member of the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research. Weinberg and his colleagues discovered…

Expert Interview Transcript: Mary-Claire King, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Professor of Medicine and Genetics King is an American Cancer Society professor of medicine and genetics at the University of…

Expert Interview Transcript: Leland Hartwell, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Director, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Dr. Hartwell is presently the president and director of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research…

Expert Interview Transcript: Brian Druker, M.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Director, OHSU Cancer Institute Leukemia Center Druker is the director of the OHSU Cancer Institute’s Leukemia Center. In collaboration with…

Expert Interview Transcript: Elizabeth Blackburn, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Professor of Biochemistry and Biophysics Blackburn is a professor of microbiology and biochemistry at the University of California at San…

Online Textbook and Video

Jun 12, 2019

This online textbook chapter supports and extends the content of the Cell Biology and Cancer video. The chapter covers cancer…

Cell Biology and Cancer

Jun 12, 2019

Cancers, though studied for decades, continue to amaze researchers with their complexity. This unit reveals new information on normal cell…

Expert Interview Transcript: John Postlethwait, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Professor of Biology Postlethwait is a professor of biology at the University of Oregon, Institute of Neuroscience. He studies the…

Expert Interview Transcript: Nipam Patel, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Professor of Biology and Anatomy; Investigator, HHMI Patel is a professor in the Department of Organismal Biology and Anatomy at…

Expert Interview Transcript: John Incardona, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Senior Fellow Incardona is a senior fellow at the University of Washington in Seattle. He studies the Sonic Hedgehog gene…

Expert Interview Transcript: Markus Grompe, M.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Professor of Genetics Grompe is a professor of medical and molecular genetics at Oregon Health and Science University and also…

Expert Interview Transcript: Judith Eisen, Ph.D.

Jun 12, 2019

Professor of Biology  Eisen is a professor at the Department of Biology at the University of Oregon. She studies how…

Online Textbook and Video

Jun 11, 2019

This online textbook chapter supports and extends the content of the Genetics of Development video. The chapter examines how the…

Genetics of Development

Jun 11, 2019

Organisms as different as flies, fish, and humans share genes with remarkable similarity that guide development. This unit explores new…

Expert Interview Transcript: David Weiner, Ph.D.

Jun 11, 2019

Associate Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Weiner is an associate professor in the Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine…

Expert Interview Transcript: Erik von Muller

Jun 11, 2019

Von Muller was infected with the HIV virus in the early 1980s and is what is known as a long-term…

Expert Interview Transcript: Jay Levy, M.D.

Jun 11, 2019

Professor of Medicine; Research Associate, Cancer Research Institute Levy is a professor in the Department of Medicine and research associate…

Expert Interview Transcript: Laurie Garret

Jun 11, 2019

Journalist, Newsday Garret is the author of the books The Coming Plague: Newly Emerging Diseases in a World Out of…

Expert Interview Transcript: Edward A. Berger, Ph.D.

Jun 11, 2019

Chief, Molecular Structure Section, NIAID, NIH Berger is chief of the Molecular Structure Section in the laboratory of viral diseases…

Online Textbook and Video

Jun 11, 2019

This online textbook chapter supports and extends the content of the HIV and AIDS video. The chapter provides an overview…

HIV and AIDS

Jun 11, 2019

HIV and AIDS have emerged as an epidemic of staggering proportions, and one of today’s greatest challenges to scientists and…

Expert Interview Transcript: Lukas K. Tamm, Ph.D.

Jun 11, 2019

Professor of Biophysics, University of Virginia Tamm is a professor of Biophysics at the University of Virginia where he is…

Expert Interview Transcript: Judith M. Martin, M.D.

Jun 11, 2019

Pediatric Infectious Disease

Expert Interview Transcript: Stuart B. Levy, M.D.

Jun 11, 2019

Scientist, Environmental Defense Dr. Levy is a professor of Molecular and Microbiology and a professor of Medicine at Tufts University…

Expert Interview Transcript: Rita Colwell, Ph.D.

Jun 11, 2019

Marine Microbiologist Dr. Colwell is a Marine Microbiologist and serves at the President of the National Science Foundation. She is…

Expert Interview Transcript: Capt. Daniel Carucci, M.D., PhD

Jun 11, 2019

Director, NMRC Malaria Program Dr. Carucci is the Director of the Malaria Program at the Naval Medical Research Center where…

Online Textbook and Video

Jun 11, 2019

This online textbook chapter supports and extends the content of the Emerging Infectious Diseases video. The chapter content covers the…

Emerging Infectious Diseases

Jun 11, 2019

New diseases are evolving all around us and old diseases, such as malaria and influenza, are returning with renewed vigor.…

Expert Interview Transcripts: Phil Stewart, PhD

Jun 11, 2019

Professor of Chemical Engineering Stewart is the Deputy Director and Research Coordinator a professor of Chemical Engineering at the Center…

Expert Interview Transcripts: Anna-Louise Reysenbach, PhD

Jun 11, 2019

Microbial Ecologist Reysenbach is a microbial ecologist with special interests in the ecology of terrestrial and deep-sea hydrothermal vents, and…

Expert Interview Transcripts: Dan Kotansky

Jun 11, 2019

Hydrologist, BLM Kotansky is an environmental protection specialist at the Bureau of Land Management in Idaho.

Expert Interview Transcripts: Bill Costerton, Ph.D.

Jun 11, 2019

Director, Biofilm Center Costerton is the director of the Center for Interfacial Microbial Process Engineering at Montana State University in…

Expert Interview Transcripts: Anne K. Camper, Ph.D.

Jun 11, 2019

Associate Professor of Civil Engineering; Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Stud Camper is an associate professor of Civil Engineering…

Online Textbook and Video

Jun 11, 2019

This online textbook chapter supports and extends the content of the Microbial Diversity video. The chapter covers microbial energy sources,…

A Brief History of Photography

Jun 11, 2019

Dr. Makeda Best During the 1830s, two different kinds of photographic images developed in France and England. The metal-based and…

Guide to Researching Photographs

Jun 11, 2019

Getting Started This guide provides helpful tips for finding and evaluating photographs that you can use in the classroom to…

Microbial Diversity

Jun 11, 2019

Microbial diversity far surpasses that of other organisms on Earthmovers. This unit examines recent studies of microbes including extremophiles, the…

Additional Photograph Resources

Jun 11, 2019

Here you will find a list of links to common digitized photograph and photographic ephemera collections for both humanities and…

Focus In Activity

Jun 11, 2019

“A camera is a tool for learning how to see…” ~ Dorothea Lange “It isn’t what a picture is of, it…

Expert Interview Transcripts: Carl R. Woese, PhD

Jun 11, 2019

Professor of Microbiology Professor Woese of the University of Illinois, is a self-described molecular biologist turned evolutionist. Woese used ribosomal…

Expert Interview Transcripts: Timothy Read

Jun 11, 2019

Assistant Researcher Read, is an assistant researcher with the Microbial Genetics Group at The Institute for Genomic Research in Maryland.…

Expert Interview Transcript: Philip D. Gingerich, Ph.D.

Jun 11, 2019

Professor of Geological Sciences Gingerich is a professor of geological sciences and director of the Museum of Paleontology at the…

Online Textbook and Video

Jun 11, 2019

This online textbook chapter supports and extends the content of the Evolution and Phylogenetics video. The chapter covers the evolution…

Evolution and Phylogenetics

Jun 11, 2019

Molecular techniques are reigning our perspective on evolution. This unit illustrates how molecular data are combined with fossil evidence to…

Expert Interview Transcript: Leroy Hood, Ph.D.

Jun 11, 2019

President, Institute for Systems Biology Hood played a key factor in the Human Genome Project and was credited with developing…

Expert Interview Transcript: Aaron Hirsh

Jun 11, 2019

Computational Geneticist Hirsh is a graduate student in Marcus Fieldman’s lab at Stanford University. His paper on the evolution of…

Expert Interview Transcript: Hunter Fraser

Jun 11, 2019

Molecular and Cellular Biologist Fraser is a UC Berkeley doctoral candidate. His research on the evolution of protein interactions, in…

Expert Interview Transcripts: Stanley Fields, Ph.D.

Jun 11, 2019

Director, Center for Gene Research and Biotechnology Director of the Oregon State University’s Center for Gene Research and Biotechnology. Carrington’s…

Expert Interview Transcripts: Ned David, Ph.D.

Jun 11, 2019

Founder, Syrrx, Inc. Founder of Syrrx, Inc., a proteomics company in San Diego that specializes in x-ray crystallography and determining…

Online Textbook and Video

Jun 11, 2019

This online textbook chapter supports and extends the content of the Proteins and Proteomics video. The chapter covers protein modification,…

Proteins and Proteomics

Jun 11, 2019

The proteins made by a cell determine what the cell does. This unit explores some basics of fundamental biochemistry, such…

Expert Interview Transcript: Eric S. Lander, Ph.D.

Jun 10, 2019

Director, Whitehead Center for Genomic Research and Professor of Biology, MIT. Lander has been one of the principal leaders of…

Expert Interview Transcript: Jonathan Eisen, Ph.D.

Jun 10, 2019

Assistant Investigator, The Institute for Genomic Research An investigator at the Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR). His research interests include…

Expert Interview Transcript: James Carrington, Ph.D.

Jun 10, 2019

Director, Center for Gene Research and Biotechnology Director of the Oregon State University’s Center for Gene Research and Biotechnology. Carrington’s…

Expert Interview Transcript: David Altshuler, M.D., Ph.D.

Jun 10, 2019

Affiliate Member, Whitehead Institute Altshuler is a member of the Whitehead Institute, as well as a practicing endocrinologist at Massachusetts…

Genetically Modified Organisms

Jun 10, 2019

While genetic modification of organisms has occurred naturally since life began, we now have the tools to insert specific genes…

Expert Interview Transcripts: Gary H. Toenniessen, PhD.

Jun 10, 2019

Gary H. Toenniessen, PhD. Director, Agriculture Programs Gary Toenniessen was one of the original architects of The Rockefeller Foundation Rice…

Expert Interview Transcript: Thomas E. Newberry

Jun 10, 2019

Thomas E. Newberry VP, Corp. Communications Mr. Newberry is the Vice President of Corporate Communications at GTC Biotherapeutics in Framingham,…

Expert Interview Transcript: Marion Nestle, PhD, MPH

Jun 10, 2019

Marion Nestle, PhD, MPH Professor, NYU Marion Nestle is Professor and Chair of the Department of Nutrition, Food Studies, and…

Expert Interview Transcript: Rebecca J. Goldburg, PhD

Jun 10, 2019

Rebecca J. Goldburg, PhD Scientist, Environmental Defense Rebecca Goldburg is a Senior Scientist at Environmental Defense’s New York City headquarters.…

Expert Interview Transcripts: David L. Dornbos, Jr., PhD

Jun 10, 2019

David L. Dornbos, Jr., PhD Global Head, Production Research Dornbos is the Global Head of Production Research at Syngenta Seeds.

Expert Interview Transcript: Leon Corzine

Jun 10, 2019

Leon Corzine Farmer; Director, National Corn Growers Association Corzine and his wife grow corn and soybeans on their family farm…

Online Textbook and Video

Jun 10, 2019

Genomics

Jun 10, 2019

Today’s genomics research has shifted from a sheer effort to catalogue genes to one of determining their functions, regulation, and…

Amusement Park Physics Interactive

Jun 03, 2019

Are you really in danger when you are taking those hairpin turns and death-defying loops on a roller coaster? Discover…

Renaissance Interactive

Jun 03, 2019

Explore the Renaissance and discover the forces that drove this rebirth in Europe, and in Italy in particular.

The Middle Ages Interactive

Jun 03, 2019

Discover what it was like to live during the Middle Ages. Explore topics such as Feudal Life, Religion, Homes, Clothing,…

Change and Resistance: Civil Rights Movements Across the Nation

May 31, 2019

Introduction Achieving equal access to civil rights for all Americans and meeting the mandate of “justice for all” (stated in…

The Thousand and One Nights – Key Points

May 30, 2019

The Thousand and One Nights – Connections

May 30, 2019

In the Images of World Literature slideshow, you saw images inspired by The Thousand and One Nights. Here at Connections, you can…

The Thousand and One Nights – Map & Timeline

May 30, 2019

The stories in The Thousand and One Nights have traveled the world repeatedly over the centuries. But this region is where they…

The Thousand and One Nights – Expert’s View

May 30, 2019

An excerpt from The Thousand and One Nights Shahrazad tells the sultan about Harun al-Rashid “Shahrazad said, ‘It is related that…

The Thousand and One Nights – Read the Text

May 30, 2019

The Arabian Nights The Story of the Porter and the Three Ladies I heard, O happy king, that there once…

The Thousand and One Nights – Getting Started

May 30, 2019

A Sea of Stories The Arabian Nights, Scheherazade, Aladdin, “Open sesame!”, Sinbad the sailor, Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves:…

The God of Small Things – Key Points

May 30, 2019

The God of Small Things – Connections

May 30, 2019

In the Images of World Literature slideshow, you saw images inspired by The God of Small Things. Here at Connections, you can…

The God of Small Things – Map & Timeline

May 30, 2019

All of the action of the novel takes place in this small region of southern India, Kerala. It is far…

The God of Small Things – Expert’s View

May 30, 2019

An excerpt from The God of Small Things, by Arundhati Roy Opening of the book “Still, to say that it all…

The God of Small Things – Read the Text

May 30, 2019

Chapter 1: Paradise Pickles & Preserves   May in Ayemenem is a hot, brooding month. The days are long and…

The God of Small Things – Getting Started

May 30, 2019

The Love Laws Every culture wrestles with that most basic of human networks: the family. Our ties to family members…

One Hundred Years of Solitude – Key Points

May 30, 2019

One Hundred Years of Solitude – Connections

May 30, 2019

In the Images of World Literature slideshow, you saw images inspired by One Hundred Years of Solitude. Here at Connections, you can…

One Hundred Years of Solitude – Map & Timeline

May 29, 2019

It’s hard to find one map that tells the entire story of this novel, which recreates the first human settlement…

One Hundred Years of Solitude – Expert’s View

May 29, 2019

An excerpt from One Hundred Years of Solitude, by Gabriel García Márquez The men observe Remedios the Beauty “The rotten tiles…

One Hundred Years of Solitude – Read the Text

May 29, 2019

Chapter One Many years later, as he faced the firing squad, Colonel Aureliano Buendía was to remember that distant afternoon…

One Hundred Years of Solitude – Getting Started

May 29, 2019

The Magic and the Real One Hundred Years of Solitude is not just a great novel—it became the standard-bearer for an…

Things Fall Apart – Key Points

May 29, 2019

Things Fall Apart – Connections

May 29, 2019

In the Images of World Literature slideshow, you saw images inspired by Things Fall Apart. Here at Connections, you can find varied…

Things Fall Apart – Map & Timeline

May 29, 2019

Every border you see on this map was drawn by a European power; Nigeria, which contains the Igbo lands of…

Things Fall Apart – Expert’s View

May 29, 2019

An excerpt from Things Fall Apart, by Chinua Achebe Okonkwo on the death of his adopted son “Okonkwo ruled his household…

Things Fall Apart – Read the Text

May 29, 2019

Chapter 1 Okonkwo was well known throughout the nine villages and even beyond. His fame rested on solid personal achievements.…

Things Fall Apart – Getting Started

May 29, 2019

The Measure of a Man Things Fall Apart is a very famous book, and one of the few books by a…

Candide – Key Points

May 29, 2019

Candide – Connections

May 29, 2019

In the Images of World Literature slideshow, you saw images inspired by Candide. Here at Connections, you can find varied interpretations, analyses,…

Economic Timeline

May 29, 2019

Candide – Map & Timeline

May 29, 2019

You need a map of half the world to chart Candide’s journeys. Voltaire sent his hero to every trouble spot…

Candide – Expert’s View

May 29, 2019

An excerpt from Candide, by Voltaire The Old Woman describes her plight “Imagine my situation, the daughter of a pope, only…

Candide – Read the Text

May 29, 2019

  Chapter 1: How Candide was brought up in a magnificent castle, and how he was expelled thence. In a…

Candide – Getting Started

May 28, 2019

Tending Our Own Gardens If you want to tell a story of murder, war crimes, kidnapping, slavery, rape, and religious…

Popol Vuh – Key Points

May 28, 2019

Popol Vuh – Connections

May 28, 2019

In the Images of World Literature slideshow, you saw ancient images inspired by Popol Vuh. Here at Connections, you can find modern…

Popol Vuh – Map & Timeline

May 28, 2019

Amidst the Spanish names for countries, cities, and regions on this map, you can see traces of the original Mayan…

Popol Vuh – Expert’s View

May 28, 2019

An excerpt from Popol Vuh The opening of the story in which the gods create humans “And they [the gods] said,…

Popol Vuh – Read the Text

May 28, 2019

Popol Vuh Part One    This is the beginning of the Ancient Word, here in this place called Quiché. Here…

Popol Vuh – Getting Started

May 28, 2019

Myth and Survival Like Gilgamesh, Popol Vuh combines real human history and supernatural myth to give people a sense of their place in…

Journey to the West – Key Points

May 28, 2019

Journey to the West – Connections

May 28, 2019

In the Images of World Literature slideshow, you saw ancient images inspired by Journey to the West/Monkey. Here at Connections, you can…

Journey to the West – Map & Timeline

May 24, 2019

The real, historical monk Hsuan Tsang actually walked on foot from China to India, and then throughout the Indian subcontinent.…

Journey to the West – Expert’s View

May 24, 2019

An excerpt from Monkey, by Wu Ch’êng-ên Monkey kills the robbers “‘Master, we can start now. I have killed them all.’…

Journey to the West – Read the Text

May 24, 2019

  Chapter 1 There was a rock that since the creation of the world had been worked upon by the…

Journey to the West – Getting Started

May 24, 2019

There and Back The first thing to know about Monkey is that it is a version of a story called Journey to the…

The Tale of Genji – Key Points

May 24, 2019

The Tale of Genji – Connections

May 24, 2019

In the Images of World Literature slideshow, you saw images inspired by The Tale of Genji. Here at Connections, you can find…

The Tale of Genji – Map & Timeline

May 24, 2019

Japan floats on the Pacific Ocean like a feather, isolated by water from cultures to the West and separated by…

The Tale of Genji – Expert’s View

May 23, 2019

An excerpt from The Tale of Genji, by Murasaki Shikibu Genji on his letter to his lover “He was not displeased…

The Tale of Genji – Read the Text

May 23, 2019

1. Kiritsubo At the court of the Emperor (he lived it matters not when) there was among the many gentlewomen…

The Tale of Genji – Getting Started

May 23, 2019

The Poetic Loves of a Shining Prince A thousand years ago, a Japanese woman began writing a story that was…

Krishna-reveals-his-true-form

The Bhagavad Gita – Key Points

May 23, 2019
Twin Gods

The Bhagavad Gita – Connections

May 23, 2019

In the Images of World Literature slideshow, you saw images inspired by The Bhagavad Gita. Here at Connections, you can find modern…

The Bhagavad Gita – Map & Timeline

May 23, 2019

This map shows the modern borders of India and its neighboring states. At the time The Bhagavad Gita was written as part…

The Bhagavad Gita – Expert’s View

May 23, 2019

An excerpt from The Bhagavad Gita Krishna’s advice on action   “Death is certain for anyone born, and birth is certain…

The Bhagavad Gita – Read the Text

May 23, 2019

The First Teaching Arjuna’s Dejection Dhritarashtra Sanjaya, tell me what my sons and the sons of Pandu did when they…

The Bhagavad Gita

The Bhagavad Gita – Getting Started

May 22, 2019

The Equanimity Called Discipline When you pick up a copy of the Gita, it is encouragingly slim, and the pages are…

bacchanal

The Bacchae – Key Points

May 22, 2019
Chorus

The Bacchae – Connections

May 22, 2019

In the Images of World Literature slideshow, you saw images related to The Bacchae. Here you can find resources and links on…

The Bacchae – Map & Timeline

May 22, 2019

Greece is very small compared to her eastern neighbor, the Persian Empire. Today’s Turkey was the westernmost outpost of the…

Bacchae

The Bacchae – Expert’s View

May 22, 2019

An excerpt from The Bacchae, by Euripides Pentheus and the captured stranger, whom he does not yet know is the god…

Greek text

The Bacchae – Read the Text

May 22, 2019

  Scene 1 Scene: Before the royal palace of Thebes. On the left is the way to the Cithaeron; on the…

Euripides

The Bacchae – Getting Started

May 21, 2019

The Art of Tragedy What do we owe the gods? What do we deserve from them? Is it folly to…

Scientists

May 21, 2019

Content Developer Daniel P. Schrag Daniel Schrag is professor of Earth and planetary sciences and environmental engineering at Harvard University…

Online Textbook

May 21, 2019
Penelope

The Odyssey: Key Points

May 21, 2019

Scientists

May 21, 2019

Content Developer Daniel P. Schrag Daniel Schrag is a professor of Earth and planetary sciences and environmental engineering at Harvard…

Circe

The Odyssey: Connections

May 21, 2019

In the Images of World Literature slideshow, you saw images inspired by The Odyssey. Here at Connections, you can find modern interpretations,…

Online Textbook

May 21, 2019

The Odyssey – Map & Timeline

May 21, 2019

This map shows Odysseus’ journey after he left Troy. While his encounters were fictional — there were no Lotus Eaters,…

Scientists

May 21, 2019

Content Developer Daniel J. Jacob Daniel Jacob is a professor of atmospheric chemistry and environmental engineering at Harvard University. The…

Online Textbook

May 21, 2019

Scientists

May 21, 2019

Content Developer John P. Holdren John Holdren is Teresa and John Heinz Professor of Environmental Policy and Director of the…

Odysseus and Penelope

The Odyssey: Expert’s View

May 21, 2019

An excerpt from The Odyssey, by Homer Book 23: Penelope tests Odysseus “Penelope said ‘Come, Eurycleia, move the sturdy bedstead out…

Online Textbook

May 21, 2019
Poseidon

The Odyssey – Read the Text

May 21, 2019

  Book 1 Excerpt from The Odyssey, translated by Samuel Butler, 1897. Full text available at Project Gutenberg Tell me, O…

Scientists

May 21, 2019

Content Developer Anne Pringle Anne Pringle is an assistant professor of organismic and evolutionary biology at Harvard University and an…

Online Textbook

May 21, 2019

Scientists

May 21, 2019

Content Developer Charles F. Harvey Charles Harvey is the Doherty Associate Professor in Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Massachusetts…

Online Textbook

May 21, 2019

The Odyssey – Getting Started

May 20, 2019

The Long Journey Home The Odyssey may be familiar to you — almost every high school English teacher in the United…

Scientists

May 20, 2019

Content Developer Noel Michele “Missy” Holbrook Missy Holbrook is professor of biology and the Charles Bullard Professor of Forestry in…

Online Textbook

May 20, 2019

Scientists

May 20, 2019

Content Developer John D. Spengler John Spengler is the Akira Yamaguchi Professor of Environmental Health and Human Habitation in the…

Online Textbook

May 20, 2019

My Name is Red – Key Points

May 20, 2019

My Name is Red – Connections

May 20, 2019

In the Images of World Literature slideshow, you saw images related to My Name Is Red. Here you can find resources connected…

Scientists

May 20, 2019

Content Developer Paul R. Moorcroft Paul Moorcroft is a professor of biology at Harvard University who specializes in terrestrial ecosystem…

Scientists

May 20, 2019

Content Developer David E. Bloom David Bloom is Clarence James Gamble Professor of Economics and Demography and chairman of the…

Online Textbooks

May 20, 2019

My Name is Red – Map & Timeline

May 20, 2019

This map shows the extent of the Ottoman Empire during the the late sixteenth century, the period of My Name Is…

My Name is Red – Experts’ View

May 20, 2019

An excerpt from My Name Is Red, by Orhan Pamuk Black’s uncle, Enishte Effendi, reflects on a trip to Venice: “Over…

Chapter 1 excerpt

My Name is Red – Read Excerpt

May 20, 2019

  Chapter 1: I AM A CORPSE I am nothing but a corpse, a body at the bottom of a…

Online Textbook

May 20, 2019

Scientists

May 20, 2019

Content Developer James J. McCarthy James McCarthy is an Alexander Agassiz Professor of Biological Oceanography and director of Harvard University’s…

Online Textbook

May 20, 2019
Istanbul

My Name Is Red – Getting Started

May 20, 2019

Among the Painters Art, religion, love, and death: My Name Is Red draws you into the world of sixteenth-century Istanbul, a world…

Oceans

May 20, 2019

The Epic of Gilgamesh – Key Points

May 20, 2019

Scientists

May 20, 2019

Content Developer Steven C. Wofsy Steven Wofsy is professor of atmospheric and environmental science at Harvard University. His group projects…

Online Textbook

May 20, 2019
Enkidu and Shamhat - comic

The Epic of Gilgamesh: Connections

May 17, 2019

In the Images of World Literature slideshow, you saw ancient images inspired by The Epic of Gilgamesh. Here at Connections, you can…

Try It Yourself: Beowulf

May 17, 2019

Original Text Here are the opening lines from Beowulf, the earliest epic in the Anglo Saxon tradition. It is written…

Try it Yourself: How Should We Translate The Bacchae?

May 17, 2019

Original Text A passage from the play in which Pentheus orders his army out to attack the women worshippers: Πενθεύς:…

Exploring Literary Translation

May 17, 2019

What is Literary Translation? Literary translation is working with a text in its original language to prepare a version in…

Death of Enkidu

Experts’ View: Enkidu’s Death

May 17, 2019

An excerpt from The Epic of Gilgamesh Gilgamesh mourns Enkidu “My friend Enkidu, whom I loved so dear, who with me…

Enkidu and Shamhat

The Epic of Gilgamesh – Read the Excerpt

May 17, 2019

  Tablet I. The Coming of Enkidu He who saw the Deep, the country’s foundation [who] knew…, was wise in…

The Epic of Gilgamesh – Getting Started

May 17, 2019

The Beginning Gilgamesh is considered the first masterpiece of World Literature; in fact it is the earliest known epic narrative we…

The Epic of Gilgamesh: Map & Timeline

May 16, 2019

This map shows the world of Gilgamesh: his home city-kingdom, Uruk, is just northwest of today’s Iraqi city of Basra,…

Metallic Bonding (animation)

May 16, 2019

The outermost electrons in a metal atom can move freely between nearby positive metal atom nuclei as if they were…

Insulin Encapsulation (animation)

May 16, 2019

Insulin is a small molecule that, if swallowed, would be quickly broken down in the digestive system and never reach…

Radioactivity (animation)

May 15, 2019

The term “radioactivity” was coined by scientist Marie Curie to describe the steady emission of rays she observed in uranium…

How a PET Scan Works (animation)

May 15, 2019

To receive a PET scan, the patient ingests an unstable isotope. Inside the body, the isotope emits a positron, which…

Approaches in Practice

May 15, 2019

To begin, you will learn about these approaches and their unique perspectives on human nature and psychological disturbance. Then, you…

The Chemistry of Highlighting Hair (animation)

May 15, 2019

Hair has a small molecule called “melanin,” which is responsible for its color. Changing the oxidation state of melanin will…

A Redox Reaction Using Copper and Zinc (animation)

May 15, 2019

In this demonstration, dissolved copper ions come in contact with zinc, and zinc gives up its electrons to the copper.…

How the Battery Works (animation)

May 15, 2019

The batteries provide energy through a spontaneous chemical reaction called oxidation-reduction, or redox, which involves a transfer of electrons. During…

Life Span Development

May 15, 2019

You will learn about some of the biological, cognitive, and psychosocial developments that take place from birth across the life…

Vitamin B12 (animation)

May 15, 2019

The oxidation state of an atom is the number of electrons that have either been gained or lost from its…

Redox Explained (animation)

May 15, 2019

An oxidation-reduction reaction, also known as a redox reaction, involves a transfer of electrons, where one species gains electrons and…

Spontaneous vs Nonspontaneous Reactions (animation)

May 15, 2019

In an oxidation-reduction reaction, sometimes the process by which one element gives off an electron and another one takes happens…

Vitamin B9 (animation)

May 15, 2019

Vitamin B9, or folic acid, is an integral part of the cycle of redox reactions involving cobalt. A form of…

Explorations

May 15, 2019

Choose a section below to begin. History of Psychology: Explore historic moments in the development of modern psychology. Research Methods:…

The Human Brain

May 15, 2019

Your brain can be considered the most complex organ in your body and the centerpiece of your nervous system. Although…

Research Methods

May 15, 2019

From Question to Conclusion To begin, imagine you are a research psychologist. You will learn about and then put into…

History of Psychology: Timeline

May 14, 2019

Contemporary Foundations

The pH Scale (animation)

May 14, 2019

The pH scale runs from zero to 14, with zero being the most acidic, 14 the most basic and seven…

Ketoacidosis (animation)

May 14, 2019

Ketoacidosis occurs when the cells in the body cannot take up glucose efficiently. To stay alive, the cells look for…

The Buffer System in the Blood (animation)

May 14, 2019

A huge amount of carbon dioxide is produced in our bodies and has to be moved to the lungs to…

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning (animation)

May 14, 2019

Carbon monoxide poisoning impairs the body’s ability to get oxygen to the heart, the brain, and other critical tissues because…

Misconceptions about Chemical Equilibrium (animation)

May 14, 2019

There are two big misconceptions about chemical equilibrium: one, that in chemical equilibrium there are equal parts reactants and products…

The Equilibrium Constant (animation)

May 14, 2019

The equilibrium constant of a reaction, symbolized by the letter K, reveals which direction a reaction will favor. If K…

Hemoglobin (animation)

May 14, 2019

In our lungs, where the concentration of oxygen is high, hemoglobin bonds with oxygen to form oxyhemoglobin. Oxyhemoglobin then travels…

Salt Water Solution (animation)

May 13, 2019

When salt, or sodium chloride, comes in contact with water, the positively-charged sodium ions become surrounded by the negatively charged…

Decompression Sickness and Henry’s Law (animation)

May 13, 2019

Henry’s Law states that the solubility of a gas in a liquid is proportional to the partial pressure of the…

Precipitation (animation)

May 13, 2019

Potassium iodide and lead nitrate are compounds that separate into negatively and positively charged ions when they dissolve in water.…

U.S. History Map Interactive

May 13, 2019

Become a geography whiz as you learn how the United States was settled. Discover how the continent was irrevocably changed…

Rock Cycle Interactive

May 13, 2019

Learn how to distinguish between types of rocks and discover how rocks change over time.

Sadi Carnot and the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics (animation)

May 13, 2019

In 1824, a French engineer, Sadi Carnot, theorized an idealized engine, one in which no heat was lost through the…

How a Spark Plug Functions in an Engine (animation)

May 13, 2019

Spark plugs control the timing of the chemical reaction inside an engine. If the spark plug ignites too soon, heat…

Polarity (animation)

May 10, 2019

Polarity is the distribution of electrons around a molecule. In a non-polar molecule, the electrons are distributed evenly. In a…

Penicillin Interacting with Bacteria (animation)

May 10, 2019

The penicillin molecule kills bacteria because it attacks the enzyme that builds bacterial cell walls, covalently bonding with the enzyme…

Moseley and the Periodic Table (animation)

May 10, 2019

In 1913, British physicist Henry Moseley made careful measurements of x-ray spectra and correctly ordered the elements in the periodic…

The Reactivity of Alkali Metals Explained (animation)

May 10, 2019

All the alkali metals—lithium, sodium, potassium, and so on—have only one electron in their valence shell. Because this one electron…

Patterns and Trends in the Periodic Table (animation)

May 10, 2019

The beauty of the periodic table is revealed in the patterns and trends in its rows and columns. Going up…

The Wave-Particle Duality of Light (animation)

May 10, 2019

Light is best described as having “wave-particle duality.” However it is called, wave-like electromagnetic radiation or particle-like photons, light results…

Models of the Atom (animation)

May 10, 2019

The early 20th century brought a succession of scientific models, or theories, to describe the atom and its components. As…

The Spectroscope (animation)

May 09, 2019

The spectroscope was originally used by Sir Isaac Newton in 1666, who introduced the term “spectrum” to describe the array…

Gases and the Roles of Pressure, Volume, and Temperature (animation)

May 09, 2019

The Ideal Gas Law is a model that accurately describes how most common gases behave within the temperature and pressure…

The Phase of Supercritical Fluids (animation)

May 09, 2019

Under extremely high temperatures and pressures, fluids (gases and liquids) enter a fourth phase of matter: supercritical fluids. Supercritical fluids…

Origins of Chemical Theory (animation)

May 09, 2019

Historians often trace the origins of chemical theory back to the 5th century BCE, when the Greek philosopher, Democritus, claimed…

The Redemptive Imagination – Timeline, 1876 – 1999

May 06, 2019

Revisit the events of 1876 – 1999

Contemporary History – Key Events

May 06, 2019

The Sixties – Key Events

May 06, 2019

The Fifties – Key Events

May 06, 2019

World War II – Key Events

May 06, 2019

FDR and the Depression – Key Events

May 06, 2019

The Twenties – Key Events

May 03, 2019

A Vital Progressivism – Key Events

May 03, 2019

TR and Wilson – Key Events

May 03, 2019

Capital and Labor – Key Events

May 03, 2019

The West – Key Events

May 03, 2019

The New City – Key Events

May 02, 2019

Industrial Supremacy – Inventions, 1868 – 1898

May 02, 2019

How did technological innovation impact the United States after the Civil War?

Industrial Supremacy – Key Events

May 02, 2019

America at the Centennial – Alternative Timeline to 1876

May 02, 2019

Revisit the events up to 1876

America at the Centennial – Key Events

May 02, 2019

Reconstruction – Key Events

May 02, 2019

The Civil War – Key Events

May 01, 2019

The Coming of the Civil War – Key Events

May 01, 2019

Slavery – Key Events

May 01, 2019

The Periodic Table Interactive

May 01, 2019

Go through the Periodic Table piece by piece and learn how it works. Also, figure out how and why elements…

The Events of 1831

May 01, 2019

The Reform Impulse – Key Events

May 01, 2019

The Rise of Capitalism – Key Events

May 01, 2019

Westward Expansion: Key Events

May 01, 2019

A New System of Government – Key Events

Apr 30, 2019

The Coming of Independence – Key Events

Apr 30, 2019

Growth and Empire – Key Events

Apr 30, 2019

English Settlement – Key Events

Apr 30, 2019

Timeline: Colonial Settlement

Apr 30, 2019

Several European nations were colonizing North America and the Caribean while British colonists were settling in North America. And events…

New World Encounters – Key Events

Apr 30, 2019

Search for Identity – Activities

Apr 29, 2019

Search for Identity – Timeline

Apr 29, 2019

This timeline places literary publications (in black) in their historical contexts (in red).

Alice Walker (b. 1944)

Apr 29, 2019

Born in rural Eatonton, Georgia, but educated in the North, Alice Walker has been able to analyze the rural South,…

Thomas Pynchon (b. 1937)

Apr 29, 2019

Thomas Pynchon has become famous as the man who does not want to be famous. Little is known about this…

Toni Morrison (b. 1931)

Apr 29, 2019

Unlike many African American authors, Toni Morrison has set most of her fiction not in the rural South or the…

David Mamet (b. 1947)

Apr 29, 2019

David Mamet was born on the Jewish south side of Chicago. His plays have been performed throughout the country, in…

Maxine Hong Kingston (b. 1940)

Apr 29, 2019

Maxine Hong Kingston, née Maxine Ting Hong, was born in Stockton, California, to Chinese immigrant parents who left successful careers…

Diane Glancy (b. 1941)

Apr 29, 2019

Born in Kansas City, Diane Glancy is a poet, short story writer, playwright, and professor. She received her B.A. from…

Leslie Feinberg (1949 – 2014)

Apr 29, 2019

Like her character Jess Goldberg, Leslie Feinberg was born in Buffalo, New York, where she grew up before the 1969…

Judith Ortiz Cofer (b. 1952)

Apr 29, 2019

Judith Ortiz Cofer was born in Hormingueros, Puerto Rico, and was educated in the United States, primarily New Jersey. Her…

Sandra Cisneros (b. 1954)

Apr 29, 2019

Sandra Cisneros was born in Chicago but spent most of her childhood and youth moving back and forth between Chicago…

Toni Cade Bambara (1939-1995)

Apr 29, 2019

In addition to writing many stories and novels, Toni Cade Bambara was a civil rights activist, teacher, and editor. She…

Search for Identity

Apr 29, 2019

American Prose Writers Even as the poets covered in Unit 15, Poetry of Liberation, were fostering a rebellion, contemporary prose…

Poetry of Liberation – Activities

Apr 26, 2019

Poetry of Liberation – Timeline

Apr 26, 2019

James Wright (1927-1980)

Apr 26, 2019

James Wright grew up in Martins Ferry, Ohio, a small midwestern town hit hard by the depression. Wright’s father worked…

Gary Snyder (b. 1930)

Apr 26, 2019

Gary Snyder was raised on a dairy farm in the Pacific Northwest. He graduated with a B.A. in anthropology from…

Adrienne Rich (b. 1929)

Apr 26, 2019

Born in Baltimore, Adrienne Rich describes her mother and grandmother as “frustrated artists,” whose talents were denied expression by culture…

Sylvia Plath (1932-1963)

Apr 26, 2019

Sylvia Plath spent most of her childhood in Wellesley, Massachusetts, where she lived close to her maternal grandparents. Her father,…

Audre Lorde (1934-1992)

Apr 26, 2019

The daughter of West Indian parents, Audre Lorde was born in Harlem. She graduated from Hunter College in 1961 and…

Joy Harjo (b. 1951)

Apr 26, 2019

The daughter of a mixed Cherokee, French, and Irish mother and a Creek father, Harjo was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma.…

Allen Ginsberg (1926-1997)

Apr 26, 2019

Allen Ginsberg was born in Newark, New Jersey, to Louis, a poet and high school teacher, and Naomi, who was…

Lorna Dee Cervantes (b. 1954)

Apr 26, 2019

Cervantes was born in San Francisco and is of Mexican descent. Sensitive to the racial and ethnic prejudice she might…

Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones) (b. 1934)

Apr 26, 2019

Amiri Baraka was born Everett Leroy Jones in Newark, New Jersey. A creative child, he enjoyed cartooning and creative writing,…

John Ashbery (b. 1927)

Apr 25, 2019

John Ashbery was born in Rochester, New York, and he earned his B.A. from Harvard University. He also received an…

Poetry of Liberation

Apr 25, 2019

For many, the 1960s mark the true end of modern America. Whereas the modernists remained serious about the transcendent nature…

Becoming Visible – Activities

Apr 25, 2019

Becoming Visible – Timeline

Apr 25, 2019

Philip Roth (b. 1933)

Apr 25, 2019

Philip Roth was born in Newark, New Jersey. His father was a struggling businessman for most of Roth’s young life,…

Grace Paley (b. 1922)

Apr 25, 2019

Of her early writing, Paley notes, “I didn’t yet realize that you have to have two ears. One ear is…

N. Scott Momaday (b. 1934)

Apr 25, 2019

Writer, teacher, artist, and storyteller, Navarre Scott Momaday has spent his life preserving the oral traditions and culture of Native…

Arthur Miller (b. 1915)

Apr 25, 2019

Arthur Miller was born in Manhattan to a German Jewish family. His father, a successful clothing manufacturer, lost the business…

Paule Marshall (b. 1929)

Apr 24, 2019

Born Valenza Pauline Burke to parents who had emigrated from Barbados to New York, Paule Marshall explores the contrasts between…

Bernard Malamud (1914-1986)

Apr 24, 2019

In Saul Bellow’s eulogy to Bernard Malamud, he writes that “a language is a spiritual mansion from which no one…

Ralph Ellison (1914-1994)

Apr 24, 2019

Ralph Ellison grew up in Oklahoma City and attended college at the Tuskegee Institute, where he was a music major…

Gwendolyn Brooks (1917-2000)

Apr 24, 2019

Born in Topeka, Kansas, Gwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks grew up in Chicago. As a child she attended both all-white and all-black…

Saul Bellow (b. 1915)

Apr 24, 2019

Saul Bellow remains one of the most important post-World War II Jewish American writers. Like Roth, Malamud, and Paley, he…

James Baldwin (1924-1987)

Apr 24, 2019

The eldest of nine children, James Baldwin was born in Harlem. An excellent student who read and wrote from an…

Becoming Visible

Apr 24, 2019

Ethnic Writers and the Literary Mainstream, 1945-1969 This episode guides the viewer through the works and contexts of ethnic writers…

Southern Renaissance – Activities

Apr 24, 2019

Southern Renaissance – Timeline

Apr 24, 2019

This timeline places literary publications (in black) in their historical contexts (in red).

Richard Wright (1908-1960)

Apr 24, 2019

Richard Wright grew up during some of the darkest days of racial segregation in the American South, and the horrors…

Thomas Wolfe (1900-1938)

Apr 24, 2019

Known for his ability to produce lyrical torrents of largely autobiographical prose, Thomas Wolfe earned critical and commercial success with…

Tennessee Williams (1911-1983)

Apr 24, 2019

“A morbid shyness once prevented me from having much direct communication with people,” Tennessee Williams wrote, “and possibly that is…

Eudora Welty (1909-2001)

Apr 24, 2019

Eudora Alice Welty was born in Jackson, Mississippi, where she lived nearly all of her life. A first-generation Mississippian, Welty…

Robert Penn Warren (1905-1989)

Apr 23, 2019

A prominent member of the Southern Agrarians as well as an accomplished poet and novelist, Robert Penn Warren was born…

John Crowe Ransom (1888-1974)

Apr 23, 2019

A leading force in southern letters from the 1920s on, John Crowe Ransom was born in Pulaski, Tennessee. Educated primarily…

Katherine Anne Porter (1890-1980)

Apr 23, 2019

“It is my firm belief,” Katherine Anne Porter once said, “that all our lives we are preparing to be somebody…

Flannery O’Connor (1925-1965)

Apr 23, 2019

Mary Flannery O’Connor was born in Savannah, Georgia, the daughter of devout Catholic parents of good social standing. She was…

Zora Neale Hurston (1891-1960)

Apr 23, 2019

Although she would later mislead people about her age and birthplace, Zora Neale Hurston was born in 1891 in Notasulga,…

William Faulkner (1897-1962)

Apr 23, 2019

The man who would become one of twentieth-century American literature’s best-known figures, William Cuthbert Falkner (he added the “u” to…

Southern Renaissance

Apr 23, 2019

“My subject in fiction,” Flannery O’Connor tells us, “is the action of grace in the territory held largely by the…

Migrant Struggle – Activities

Apr 23, 2019

Migrant Struggle – Timeline

Apr 23, 2019

This timeline places literary publications (in black) in their historical contexts (in red).

Helena Maria Viramontes (b. 1954)

Apr 23, 2019

Viramontes is a Chicana writer who was born in East Los Angeles, California. She attended Immaculate Heart College and the…

Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)

Apr 23, 2019

Best known as one of the first proponents of American Transcendentalism, Henry David Thoreau was also one of the first…

John Steinbeck (1902-1968)

Apr 23, 2019

John Steinbeck’s Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, The Grapes of Wrath, published in 1939, depicts the plight of the Joads, a family of…

Upton Sinclair (1878-1968)

Apr 23, 2019

Upton Sinclair was born in Baltimore, Maryland, and is best known for his 1906 muckraking novel, The Jungle. He received a…

Muriel Rukeyser (1913-1980)

Apr 23, 2019

Muriel Rukeyser was a political poet whose verse is noted for its intricate style and sophistication. She was born in…

Tomas Rivera (1935-1984)

Apr 23, 2019

Tomas Rivera was born in Crystal City, Texas. During his childhood, he accompanied his parents, who worked as farm laborers,…

Alberto Ríos (b. 1952)

Apr 23, 2019

The son of a Mexican American father and a British mother, Alberto Ríos was born in Nogales, Arizona, on the…

Robinson Jeffers (1887-1962)

Apr 23, 2019

Robinson Jeffers was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His father was a minister and professor of Old Testament literature. When he…

Carlos Bulosan (1913-1956)

Apr 23, 2019

About 150,000 Filipinos immigrated to the United States between 1906 and 1946. Early on, many Filipinos came to America to…

Rudolfo A. Anaya (b. 1937)

Apr 23, 2019

Rudolfo Anaya was born in Pastura, New Mexico. His family moved to Albuquerque when he was fifteen. While working as a public…

Migrant Struggle

Apr 22, 2019

Americans have often defined themselves through their relationship to the land. This program traces the social fiction of three key…

Modernist Portraits – Activities

Apr 22, 2019

Modernist Portraits – Timeline

Apr 22, 2019

This timeline places literary publications (in black) in their historical contexts (in red).

Wallace Stevens (1883-1963)

Apr 22, 2019

Wallace Stevens grew up in Pennsylvania and attended Harvard University for three years, leaving in 1897 to pursue a career…

Gertrude Stein (1874-1946)

Apr 22, 2019

Gertrude Stein lived most of her life in Europe, yet considered herself an American, famously declaring that “America is my…

John Dos Passos (1896-1970)

Apr 22, 2019

John Dos Passos is one of the most overtly political authors in this unit. Involved in many radical political movements,…

Marianne Moore (1887-1972)

Apr 22, 2019

Moore, like many other authors in this unit, was born in the Midwest but eventually settled in the East. She…

Geometry 3-D Shapes Interactive

Apr 22, 2019

Learn about several three-dimensional geometric shapes and the terminology used to describe them. Learn how to calculate their surface area…

Elements of a Story Interactive

Apr 22, 2019

Explore different ingredients, or elements, that go into stories and make them so much fun. Read the story, “Cinderella,” and…

Nella Larsen (1891-1964)

Apr 19, 2019

Nella Larsen, like Quicksand‘s Helga, was born to parents of different races: her father was West Indian and her mother was…

Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961)

Apr 19, 2019

Hemingway once stated that his goal as a writer was to create “one true sentence.” The characteristic pared-down style he…

Susan Glaspell (1876-1948)

Apr 19, 2019

Born in Davenport, Iowa, Susan Glaspell grew up in a Midwest that was settled only decades before, but was developing…

F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)

Apr 19, 2019

F. Scott Fitzgerald’s best-known work, The Great Gatsby, has made him familiar to generations of students of American literature. Though the…

Hart Crane (1899-1932)

Apr 19, 2019

Though Hart Crane only lived thirty-three years, the rich poetry he produced provides readers with an alternative view of modernity–his…

Sherwood Anderson (1876-1941)

Apr 19, 2019

Born in southern Ohio, Sherwood Anderson was the middle child of seven. His father, a harness maker, moved the family…

Modernist Portraits

Apr 19, 2019

Jazz filled the air and wailed against the night. Caught in the sway, American prose writers sought out the forbidden…

Rhythms In Poetry – Activities

Apr 19, 2019

Rhythms in Poetry – Timeline

Apr 19, 2019

William Carlos Williams (1883-1963)

Apr 19, 2019

Born in Rutherford, New Jersey, William Carlos Williams was the son of an English immigrant and a mother born in…

Jean Toomer (1894-1967)

Apr 18, 2019

Born in Washington, D.C., Nathan Eugene Toomer was raised by his grandparents. He studied at several universities, including the University…

Genevieve Taggard (1894-1948)

Apr 18, 2019

Born in Waitsburg, Washington, Genevieve Taggard was raised in Hawaii, where her parents ran a school. Taggard attended the University…

Carl Sandburg (1878-1967)

Apr 18, 2019

Carl Sandburg was born in Galesburg, Illinois, to parents who had emigrated from Sweden. His father was a hard-working blacksmith,…

Ezra Pound (1885-1972)

Apr 18, 2019

Like T. S. Eliot, with whom he enjoyed a long friendship, Ezra Pound lived his early years in the United…

Claude McKay (1889-1948)

Apr 18, 2019

Born in Jamaica, Claude McKay came to America to study agriculture at Tuskegee Institute, a historically black university founded by…

Langston Hughes (1902-1967)

Apr 18, 2019

Langston Hughes stands as one of the most prolific writers in American history: he wrote poetry, two novels, two autobiographies,…

Robert Frost (1874-1963)

Apr 18, 2019

Although Robert Frost was born in San Francisco, where he spent his first eleven years, he is commonly associated with…

T. S. Eliot (1888-1965)

Apr 18, 2019

Born in St. Louis, Thomas Stearns Eliot was one of seven children. Originally from New England, the Eliot family’s lineage…

H.D. (Hilda Doolittle) (1886-1961)

Apr 18, 2019

Born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Hilda Doolittle attended exclusive private schools in Philadelphia and was admitted to Bryn Mawr College. Her…

Rhythms in Poetry

Apr 18, 2019

Amidst the chaos following World War I, Ezra Pound urged poets to “Make it New!” This call was heeded by…

Social Realism – Activities

Apr 17, 2019

Social Realism – Timeline

Apr 17, 2019

This timeline places literary publications (in black) in their historical contexts (in red).

Anzia Yezierska (1880-1970)

Apr 17, 2019

In the course of a career that spanned more than fifty years, Anzia Yezierska recorded Eastern European women immigrants’ struggles…

Edith Wharton (1862-1937)

Apr 17, 2019

Edith Wharton was born into a wealthy, conservative, New York family that traced its lineage back to the colonial settlement…

Booker T. Washington (c. 1856-1915)

Apr 17, 2019

Born into slavery and poverty, Booker T. Washington grew up to become one of the most powerful African American public…

Sarah Morgan Bryan Piatt (c. 1836-1919)

Apr 17, 2019

Sarah Morgan Bryan Piatt (1836-1919) A poet widely published in nineteenth-century America, Sarah Morgan Bryan Piatt saw hundreds of her…

Henry James (1843-1916)

Apr 17, 2019

Henry James (1843-1916) Known for his sophisticated style, precise language, extraordinary productivity, and innovative attention to the novel form, Henry…

Sui Sin Far (Edith Maud Eaton) (1865-1914)

Apr 17, 2019

Writing around the turn of the twentieth century, Sui Sin Far, or Edith Maud Eaton, challenged entrenched social and political…

W. E. B. Du Bois (c. 1868-1963)

Apr 17, 2019

With the publication of The Souls of Black Folk in 1903, W. E. B. Du Bois emerged as the intellectual leader of…

Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945)

Apr 17, 2019

One of the foremost practitioners of American realism, Theodore Dreiser wrote novels and stories that explored such themes as the…

Abraham Cahan (c. 1860-1951)

Apr 17, 2019

As a journalist and fiction writer, Abraham Cahan explored the social, cultural, and spiritual tensions of the Eastern European Jewish…

Henry Adams (1838-1918)

Apr 17, 2019

From his early childhood on, Henry Adams was acutely aware of his heritage as part of the remarkable political dynasty…

Social Realism

Apr 17, 2019

Class Consciousness in American Literature, 1875-1920 This program presents the authors of the American Gilded Age, such as Edith Wharton,…

Regional Realism – Activities

Apr 16, 2019

Regional Realism – Timeline

Apr 16, 2019

This timeline places literary publications (in black) in their historical contexts (in red).

Zitkala-Sa (Gertrude Simmons Bonnin) (1876-1938)

Apr 16, 2019

Writer, musician, educator, and Indian rights activist, Zitkala-Sa (or Red Bird) was born on the Sioux Pine Ridge Reservation in…

Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) (1835-1910)

Apr 16, 2019

Samuel L. Clemens, better known by his pen name “Mark Twain,” continues to enjoy a reputation, already attained by the…

Alexander Posey (1873-1908)

Apr 16, 2019

Alexander Posey recorded his insights into Creek Indian tribal politics and Native American customs in his poetry, journalism, and political…

Sarah Orne Jewett (1849-1909)

Apr 16, 2019

Sarah Orne Jewett’s evocative sketches of village life in nineteenth-century Maine have earned her a place among the most important…

Bret Harte (1836-1902)

Apr 16, 2019

At the height of his career, in the 1860s and 1870s, Bret Harte was one of the most famous and…

Joel Chandler Harris (1848-1908)

Apr 16, 2019

Most famous for his creation of the black folk figure Uncle Remus, Joel Chandler Harris was also a journalist, humorist,…

Mary E. Wilkins Freeman (1852-1930)

Apr 16, 2019

In composing her well-received realist depictions of women’s lives in New England villages, Mary E. Wilkins Freeman wrote about the…

Charles Alexander Eastman (Ohiyesa) (1858-1939)

Apr 16, 2019

A Santee Sioux, physician, government agent, and spokesperson for Indian rights, Charles Alexander Eastman was also the first well-known, widely…

Kate Chopin (1851-1904)

Apr 16, 2019

Writing at the end of the nineteenth century at the height of the popularity of “local color” fiction, Kate Chopin…

Charles W. Chesnutt (1858-1932)

Apr 16, 2019

Charles W. Chesnutt was a pioneer among African American fiction writers, addressing controversial issues of race in a realist style…

Regional Realism

Apr 16, 2019

Depicting the Local in American Literature, 1865-1900 Set in the antebellum American South, but written after Emancipation, Mark Twain’s novel…

Slavery and Freedom – Activities

Apr 16, 2019

Slavery and Freedom – Timeline

Apr 15, 2019

This timeline places literary publications (in black) in their historical contexts (in red).

Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896)

Apr 15, 2019

Harriet Beecher Stowe was born into a large New England religious family. Her father, Lyman Beecher, was a prominent Evangelical…

Sorrow Songs

Apr 15, 2019

Drawing on both African musical styles and western European sources, black slaves in the antebellum South created a rich musical…

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865)

Apr 15, 2019

Born to impoverished parents in backwoods Kentucky, Abraham Lincoln rose to become the sixteenth president of the United States. His…

Harriet Jacobs (c. 1813-1897)

Apr 15, 2019

Born into slavery in North Carolina, Harriet Ann Jacobs was raised both by her free black grandmother and by a…

Helen Hunt Jackson (1830-1885)

Apr 15, 2019

A committed activist for Native American rights, Helen Hunt Jackson provides an important context for understanding Indian slavery and exploitation…

Briton Hammon (fl. 1760)

Apr 15, 2019

Briton Hammon’s “Narrative of the Uncommon Sufferings and Surprizing Deliverance of Briton Hammon, A Negro Man,” published in Boston in…

Frederick Douglass (1818-1895)

Apr 15, 2019

Frederick Douglass was one of the most influential African American thinkers of his day, in spite of his inauspicious beginnings.…

William and Ellen Craft (c. 1826-1897)

Apr 15, 2019

William and Ellen Craft’s daring escape from slavery in 1848 made them famous throughout antebellum America, heroes in the eyes…

Lydia Maria Child (1802-1880)

Apr 15, 2019

Lydia Maria Child (born Lydia Francis) was raised outside of Boston in a community she described as made up of…

Lorenzo Asisara (b. 1819)

Apr 15, 2019

While the institution of slavery is generally associated with African Americans and with the antebellum South, it was in fact…

Slavery and Freedom

Apr 15, 2019

Race and Identity in Antebellum America How has slavery shaped the American literary imagination and American identity? This episode turns…

Gothic Undercurrents – Activities

Apr 15, 2019

Gothic Undercurrents – Timeline

Apr 15, 2019

This timeline places literary publications (in black) in their historical contexts (in red).

William Gilmore Simms (1806-1870)

Apr 15, 2019

Born in Charleston, South Carolina, and remaining near his birthplace throughout his life, Simms was well-known as the author of…

Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849)

Apr 15, 2019

Born to the teenage actors Elizabeth Arnold and David Poe Jr. (in a time when acting was a highly disreputable…

Herman Melville (1819-1891)

Apr 15, 2019

Herman Melville’s father was a New York City merchant who, when he died suddenly, left his family heavily in debt.…

Washington Irving (c. 1783-1859)

Apr 12, 2019

America’s first international literary celebrity, as well as its first fully professional writer, was born in New York City, the…

Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864)

Apr 12, 2019

Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts, a descendant of the first Puritan colonists, including one of the judges of the…

Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935)

Apr 12, 2019

Born in Hartford, Connecticut, Charlotte Perkins was raised by her mother. Her father abandoned the family shortly after her birth…

Emily Dickinson (1830-1886)

Apr 12, 2019

A lifelong resident of Amherst, Massachusetts, Emily Dickinson left her hometown for only one year, when she attended Mt. Holyoke…

Charles Brockden Brown (1771-1810)

Apr 12, 2019

Born in Philadelphia to wealthy Quaker parents, Charles Brockden Brown was initially pressured by his family to study law. However,…

Ambrose Bierce (1842-1914?)

Apr 12, 2019

Ambrose Bierce spent an unhappy childhood in Ohio and left home as a bitter and pessimistic young man. At the…

Henry Ward Beecher (1813-1837)

Apr 12, 2019

Born in Litchfield, Connecticut, Henry Ward Beecher was the son of the preacher Lyman Beecher and the brother of the…

Gothic Undercurrents

Apr 12, 2019

What was haunting the American nation in the 1850s? The three writers treated in this program — Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman…

Masculine Heroes – Activities

Apr 11, 2019

Masculine Heroes – Timeline

Apr 11, 2019

This timeline places literary publications (in black) in their historical contexts (in red).

Walt Whitman (1819-1892)

Apr 11, 2019

Walt Whitman’s publication of Leaves of Grass in July 1855 represented nothing short of a radical shift in American poetry. Written in –that…

Catharine Maria Sedgwick (1789-1867)

Apr 11, 2019

Catharine Maria Sedgwick was one of the leading figures in early-nineteenth-century American literary culture. Although she is less well known…

John Rollin Ridge (Yellow Bird) (1827-1867)

Apr 11, 2019

John Rollin Ridge was born in the Cherokee Nation (present-day Georgia) into a prominent Native American family. Both his father…

Nat Love (1854-1921)

Apr 11, 2019

Born into slavery in Tennessee, Nat Love eventually found fame as “Deadwood Dick,” the cowboy celebrated in western lore, dime…

Caroline Stansbury Kirkland (1801-1864)

Apr 11, 2019

Appearing well before either “regionalism” or “realism” had established themselves as literary movements, Caroline Kirkland’s early writings anticipate these developments…

Corridos

Apr 11, 2019

The , a narrative ballad usually sung or spoken to music, was the most important literary genre of the southwestern  region, where…

James Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851)

Apr 11, 2019

At the height of his fame in the early nineteenth century, James Fenimore Cooper was America’s foremost novelist and one…

Louise Amelia Smith Clappe (1819-1906)

Apr 11, 2019

Born in New Jersey and educated at female academies in New England, Louise Clappe had an unusual background for a…