Identify and Analyze Text Structure
is the information organized? Authors make decisions about how to present
information. They choose from a variety of structures to
organize the information for readers:
Articles reveal events in a sequence from beginning
to end. Words that signal chronological structures include: first, then,
next, finally, and specific dates and times.
Informational texts often describe
cause and effect relationships. The text describes events and identifies
or implies causal factors.
The text describes a problem and presents solutions.
Author uses comparisons
to describe ideas. Similes, metaphors, and analogies are used.
Sensory details help readers
How-to-texts frame the information
in a series of directions.
Readers experience a variety of text structures. They select
specific comprehension strategies that fit a particular text based on
knowledge of how the information is organized. Readers can anticipate
what information will be revealed in a selection when they understand
text structure. Understanding the pattern of the text helps readers organize
ideas for synthesizing and summarizing.
the article for titles, subtitles, headings, and key words. After scanning
the text, how do you think the author organized the information?
framework did this author use to organize the information? Chronological?
Cause/Effect? Problem/Solution? Compare/Contrast? Description? Directions?
- Does the
author use a combination of structures?
- How did
the author organize the text to be “reader-friendly”?
text features helped you collect information from the article?