Footnotes for Unit 7 - Agriculture

  1. Thomas Robert Malthus, An Essay on the Principle of Population: A View of its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness; with an Inquiry into Our Prospects Respecting the Future Removal or Mitigation of the Evils which It Occasions , Sixth Edition (London: John Murray, 1826), Book I, Chapter I,
  2. United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, Statistics Analysis Service, Compendium of Agricultural-Environmental Indicators 1989–91 to 2000 (Rome, November 2003), p. 11.
  3. For details, see
  4. United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, State of the World's Forests 2007 (Rome, 2007), pp. 64, 67.
  5. 48 U.S.C., sections 1411–1419.
  6. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economics Research Service, Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 2006 Edition/EIB-16, p. 82.
  7. Gordon Conway, The Doubly Green Revolution: Food for All in the 21st Century (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998), p. 215.
  8. Carmen Sandretto, "Conservation Tillage Firmly Planted in U.S. Agriculture," Agricultural Outlook (USDA), March 2001, p. 5.
  9. National Research Council, Air Emissions from Animal Feeding Operations: Current Knowledge, Future Needs (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2003), p. 6.
  10. Henning Steinfeld et al., Livestock's Long Shadow: Environmental Issues and Options (Rome: United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, 2006), pp. xx–xxii.
  11. Jorge Fernandez-Cornejo et al., The First Decade of Genetically Engineered Crops in the United States/EIB-11 (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, April 2006), pp. 6, 8.
  12. National Research Council, Environmental Effects of Transgenic Plants: The Scope and Adequacy of Regulation (Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2002), pp. 4–5, 14–15.
  13. Michael Pollan, The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals (New York: Penguin, 2006), pp. 83–84.
  14. Polly Walker et al., "Public Health Implications of Meat Production and Consumption," Public Health Nutrition, vol. 8, no. 4 (2005), p. 351.
  15. Michael Wang, The Debate on Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Fuel Ethanol (Argonne National Laboratory, August 3, 2005),
  16. Conway, The Doubly Green Revolution, pp. 171–73.
  17. Mary V. Gold, Sustainable Agriculture: Definitions and Terms, SRB 99-02 (U.S. Department of Agriculture, September 1999),
  18. David Tilman, "Global Environmental Impacts of Agricultural Expansion: The Need for Sustainable and Efficient Practices," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 96 (May 1999), p. 5995.
  19. Doug Rickman et al., "Precision Agriculture: Changing the Face of Farming," Geotimes, November 2003.
  20. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2006 (Rome, 2006), pp. 8–9.

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