Read each of the articles listed below to gain knowledge about key concepts related to active learning in social studies.
After you read the articles, write answers to the following questions. You can use the Reading Questions form (PDF).
- What are the elements of authentic instruction? How does each element engage students and increase understanding?
- What is cooperative learning, and how does it differ from other small-group work?
- How do different kinds of questioning promote active learning?
- How can active learning help teachers assess students' understanding?
Save your written work to submit as an assignment.
Meaningful, Engaged Learning (PDF)
Describes the characteristics of active learning.
Jones, B. G., G. Valdez, J. Nowakowski, and C. Rasmussen. "Meaningful, Engaged Learning." North Central Regional Educational Laboratory.
Essential Elements of Cooperative Learning (PDF)
Describes how cooperative learning is used in active learning.
Stahl, Robert J. "The Essential Elements of Cooperative Learning in the Classroom." Educational Resources Information Center.
Five Standards of Authentic Instruction (PDF)
Explains how the five standards of authentic instruction promote active learning.
Newmann, Fred M., and Gary G. Wehlage. "Five Standards of Authentic Instruction." Educational Leadership. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
Classroom Questioning (PDF)
Describes the types and uses of classroom questions.
Cotton, Kathleen. "Classroom Questioning." North West Regional Educational Laboratory.