Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum

Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

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Social Studies In Action A Methodology Workshop, K-5.
  Site Map. Glossary.
Session 3.

Exploring Unity and Diversity


Key Concepts



Civic education

Differentiated instruction

Multicultural education

Multiple intelligences

Read each of the articles listed below to gain knowledge about key concepts related to unity and diversity in social studies. As you read, look for these concepts, their definitions, and examples of each.

After you read the articles, write answers to the following questions. You can use the Reading Questions form (PDF).

  1. Describe the five dimensions of multicultural education.
  2. Choose three elements from the NCSS list of democratic beliefs and values. Explain how each element promotes individual freedom as a form of diversity and/or the common good as a form of unity.
  3. What are the multiple intelligences? How does each one address learning diversity?
  4. What is differentiated instruction and how does it address learning diversity?

Save your written work to submit as an assignment.

Multiculturalism's Five Dimensions (PDF)
Michelle Tucker interviews multicultural education expert Dr. James A. Banks.

Banks, James A., and Michelle Tucker. "Multiculturalism's Five Dimensions." NEA Today Online.

Democratic Beliefs and Values (PDF)
Provides a listing of democratic beliefs and values from national documents.

National Council for the Social Studies. "Democratic Beliefs and Values." Expectations of Excellence: Curriculum Standards for Social Studies.

Multiple Intelligences (PDF)
Defines Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences.

Vennema, Shirley, Lois Hetland, and Karen Chalfen (eds.). "Multiple Intelligences: The Research Perspective, A Brief Overview of the Theory." The Project Zero Classroom: Approaches to Thinking and Understanding. Harvard Graduate School of Education and Project Zero.

Mapping a Route Toward Differentiated Instruction (PDF)
Describes differentiated instruction and what makes it effective.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann. "Mapping a Route Toward Differentiated Instruction." Educational Leadership. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

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