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From: Margaret Freeman (MargaretF@darlington.k12.sc.us)
Date: Fri Mar 31 2000 - 12:43:00 EST

  • Next message: Betsy Scheidemantel: "Re: Question"

    Thanks for re-sending the Cliff Notes handout.....I read chattings daily...learn much .....

    >>> "Cindy O'Donnell-Allen" <cindyoa@lamar.colostate.edu> 03/30/00 05:37PM >>>
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    Hi, all,

    For those of you who found gibberish when you attempted to open the Cliffs Notes
    attachment I sent last week, I've cut and pasted it in below. The format isn't
    exactly the same, but you can play around with it to make it fit your purposes.

    - Cindy

    "Cheryl A. Schober" wrote:

    (HANDOUT - SIDE ONE)

    CREATE YOUR OWN CLIFFS NOTES!

    You have experimented with many kinds of writing this year; now it is your
    turn to try a new form���writing a Study Guide (SG). In addition to giving you
    experience with a new kind of writing, this assignment will allow you to
    create your own custom-designed study guide for the unit assessments, so do
    yourself a favor and do a good job!

    Total possible points: 20 pts. per act/SG

    You will turn in one SG for each act. Each SG should include the following
    information:

    a. a list of scene numbers, a title for each scene (you���ll create these), and
    each scene���s setting (time & place)

    b. a summary of events. ���What significant event occur in the act. Sum up
    the action in a paragraph of so.

    c. character sketches for each character in the act ��� Who ���gets in��� on this
    act? List the characters in the order they appear in the act. After each
    characer���s name, briefly describe the character, her/his function in the act,
    and any important personality characteristics or changes. These personality
    characteristics and changes will become more important as a character appears
    more than once in the play, for they will allow you to trace changes within
    characters as the play progresses.

    d. a major conflict in the act ��� What is the conflict and who is involved in
    it? Every scene in a play introduces a conflict or adds fuel to the fire of
    a previous one. In a few sentences, briefly describe what you see as the
    major conflict of the act and the persons who are involved in it.

    e. a significant quotation ��� Write this section of the SG ���reading-journal
    style,��� listing your choice of the most important quotation for the act on
    the left side of the page and your insightful response to this quotation on
    the right side of the page.

    (HANDOUT - SIDE 2)

    SAMPLE STUDY GUIDE ��� The Crucible

    Act One

    SETTING: 1692, Salem, Mass., Reverend Parris���s house

    SUMMARY: As the scene opens, Samuel Parris is praying over his daughter
    Betty who lies motionless on the bed. His niece Abigail enters and they
    discuss the girls��� meeting in the forest with Tituba. Parris warns Abigail
    about messing with spirits. The Putnams arrive and inform Parris of the
    latest rumors about Betty and Tituba���s involvement with the girls. While he
    goes down to see his congregation, Abigail organizes the girls' stories and
    threatens them if they tell what really happened. Later, Abigail confesses
    her love to John Proctor, but he denies any feelings for her. When Betty
    begins wailing during the singing from downstairs, everyone runs up. Rebecca
    Nurse calms her, but Putnam demands an investigation. Proctor is against it
    because he thinks it is all nonsense. Reverend Hale, an expert on
    witchcraft, arrives to examine Betty, and Abigail accuses Tituba of being a
    witch. Upon threat of hanging, Tituba confesses, and she, Abigail, and Betty
    name many names of women they have ���seen with the Devil.���

    CHARACTERS
    Samuel Parris: reverend of the Salem congregation; a widower and father of
    Betty; believed he was always being persecuted by the community; more worried
    about the effect of Betty���s illness on his career than he is about her
    welfare.

    Tituba: Parris���s slave from Barbados; accused of conjuring the dead;
    confesses under pressure and names names to avoid being hanged

    Abigail: Parris���s 17-year-old niece whose parents were killed by Indians;
    like to cause trouble; fired by Goody Proctor; organizes the girls��� cover
    story about their forest ���activities���; in love with John Proctor; names women
    she supposedly saw with the Devil

    Susanna Walcott: messenger for the doctor

    Mrs. Putnam: a 45-year-old woman who lost seven babies in childbirth and now
    has a sick daughter Ruth; accuses Betty of flying; dislikes many of the women
    of the community; seems bitter and envious

    Thomas Putnam: feels wronged by the community; a bitter man; wants to ruin
    Parris; dislikes John Proctor

    Mercy Lewis: the Putnams��� 18-year-old servant; sly and merciless; danced
    naked in the forest

    Mary Warren: John Proctor���s 17-year-old servant; also involved in the
    conspiracy; urges the girls to tell the truth about what happened in the
    forest

    Betty: Parris���s daughter; tries to fly out the window; accuses Abigail of
    drinking blood as a charm to kill John Proctor���s wife

    John Proctor: respected, honest; knows he���s imperfect; regrets his former
    involvement with Abigail; thinks the witchcraft business is a hoax

    Rebecca Nurse: 72, gentle, sent to calm Betty; very practical; prays for
    Parris

    Giles Corey: 83, inquisitive, powerful for his age; asks Hale about his
    wife���s reading habits

    Reverend Hale: witchcraft expert; pressures Tituba into a confession

    CONFLICT: One of the major conflicts of this act is Abigail vs. the other
    girls who danced together in the forest. Betty���s extreme actions in this act
    are clearly in response to her fear of Abigail, and I don���t blame her for
    being scared. Abigail seems ready to go to any lengths to save her own name
    and to get what she wants, even at the expense of innocent lives.

    QUOTATION RESPONSE (on the original, these are configured as a
    double-entry journal)

    ������and in America any man who is not reactionary in his views is open to the
    charge of alliance with the Red hell���and the main role of the government
    Changes from that of the arbiter to that of the scourge
    Of God��� (p. 1190).

    Here Miller is making the comparison of Salem to 1950 America more explicit.
    Just as the people of Salem are accusing anyone they dislike of being a witch
    (in many cases to keep the finger from being pointed at themselves), during the
    McCarthy era, many informers used the Red scare as an excuse to make examples
    of those whose views were not identical to the ���right��� political views (pun
    intended!).

     

     

     

     

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