Workshop 3 Addressing the Diverse Needs of Students

SPECIAL NEEDS and the ARTS

   DANCE   

   MUSIC   

 THEATRE 

VISUAL ART

Mobility Impairments

Mobility impairments affect a person's independent movement and cause limited mobility. They may take the form of paralysis, muscle weakness, nerve damage, stiffness of the joints, or lack of balance or coordination.

 

 

 

       

Blindness and Visual Impairments

Visual impairments include conditions such inability to read with glasses, tunnel vision, and color blindness. People who have congenital blindness have been without sight since early childhood or birth. People who have adventitious blindness lost their sight later in life.

 

 

 

       

Deafness and Hearing Impairments

For people who are deaf, the major issue is not their inability to hear, but the challenges they experience in communicating with hearing people. Persons who are deaf choose to communicate in a variety of ways, including speaking, sign language, lip reading, cued speech, and writing.

 

 

 

 

       

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   DANCE   

   MUSIC   

 THEATRE 

VISUAL ART

Learning Disabilities

Learning disabilities are manifested by significant difficulties in listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, and/or mathematical ability. The primary problems do not involve collecting information (as in sensory disabilities), but in interpreting, translating, or recalling information.

 

 

 

 

       

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADHD or ADD is a persistent pattern of inattention, hyper-activity, and impulsiveness.

 

 

 

 

       

Developmental Disabilities

Developmental disabilities include brain injury, autism, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, and other neurological impairments.

 

 

 

 

       

Developed from “Access and Opportunities: A Guide to Disability Awareness,”
VSA arts, PDF http://www.vsarts.org/documents/resources/general/DAG.pdf

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