How can you incorporate a received interpretation of a text
(one that has been traditionally accepted as the one "correct"
meaning of the work) as students step out and objectify the
Reading: In preparation for Workshop 7, you may want
to read the poems "Icarus" by Stephen Spender, "Icarus" by Edward
Field, "To a Friend Whose Work Has Come to Triumph" by Anne
Sexton, "Landscape With the Fall of Icarus" by William Carlos
Williams, and the first chapter of the novel The House on
Mango Street by Sandra Cisneros. All texts can be found
in the anthology, Literature: An Introduction to Reading
and Writing, 5th edition, Edgar V. Roberts and Henry E.
Jacobs, ©1998, Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-010076-5.
Some online resources you might want to consult include:
Poem: Icarus by Stephen Spender
information on Spender from Britannica Online.
Icarus by Edward Field
the poem Icarus.
To a Friend Whose Work Has Come to Triumph
by Anne Sexton
and reviews of Sextons work.
biography and links to additional information about Sexton.
online version of Sexton's poem and other poems themed
around the Icarus myth.
Poem: Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
by William Carlos Williams
the following sites for the poem Landscape with the
Fall of Icarus:
Carlos Williams The Academy of American Poets
Carlos Williams Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
Carlos Williams Emory University
biography about Williams.
about the authors life and works and links to related
to samples of Williams work and information about
the authors life.
Novel Excerpt: The House on Mango Street, Chapter
One, by Sandra Cisneros
biography on Sandra Cisneros, information about her writings
and further readings.
teachers guide from Random House, including many
questions for discussion and background on the book.
Sandra Cisneros Teachers file from the Internet
School Media Center.
commentary and online resources related to the text, maintained
by the Karnes City High School in Karnes City, TX.
list of linked materials on Cisneros and her work, part
of the Voices from the Gap, Women Writers of Color site.
online sections taken from the text of The House on Mango
Street at The Literary Link.
You may also consider reading Chapter 4, "The Classroom As
a Social Setting for Envisionment Building," and Chapter 5,
"A Practical Pedagogy," from Dr. Judith Langer's Envisioning