How Children Learn Music, Kindergarten-Grade 4
Performing, creating, and responding to music are the fundamental music processes in which humans engage.
Students, particularly in kindergarten to grade four, learn by doing. Singing, playing instruments, moving to music, and creating music enable them to acquire musical skills and knowledge that can be developed in no other way. Learning to read and notate music gives them a skill with which to explore music independently and with others.
Listening to, analyzing, and evaluating music are important building blocks of musical learning. Further, to participate fully in a diverse, global society, students must understand their own historical and cultural heritages and those of others within their communities and beyond.
Because music is a basic expression of human culture, every student should have access to a balanced, comprehensive, and sequential program of study in music.
From National Standards for Arts Education