to Overcome -- South Africa and Kenya
video program features two case studies on Africa South
of the Sahara: South Africa: This Land is My Land
and Kenya: Medical Geography.
first case study, South Africa: This Land is My
Land, depicts the complex situation that arose
after the country's first democratically elected government,
headed by President Nelson Mandela, came to power in
1994. That government faced, and continues to face,
many challenges in developing post-apartheid policy,
including reducing poverty, promoting community development,
and fostering political stability.
was a government racial policy that persisted for decades.
The implementation of land reform as a method to reverse
the effects of concentrated ownership by whites is an
attempt to alter problems created not by environmental
conditions but by societal structures. To achieve equity
and diversity, the government is pursing a legal framework
to redistribute land ownership. A process creating more
individual farms is likely to affect the landscape due
to smaller plot size, crop diversity, and more labor-intensive
methods of agriculture. The threats and tensions that
arise during the implementation of land reform create
a basis for potential conflicts between not only blacks
and whites, but among a wide range of multi-ethnic groups
as the government works to find a fair method of redistributing
land to redress past injustices and reduce the level
of contemporary poverty.
update to this case study includes discussion of different
types of land reform programs and the use of Global
Positioning System (GPS) technology to assess outcomes.
The case follows the research of geographer Dr. Brent
McCusker as he studies the progress of one farm created
through land reform measures.
second case study, Kenya: Medical Geography,
examines medical geography and the delivery of healthcare
in a developing country. The central question is whether
it is possible to improve the situation for people in
Kenya, where conditions seem to be more favorable for
the development of disease than for the survival of
human beings. In addition to facing traditional killers
like malaria and trachoma, this region is now in the
grips of the terrible pandemic of Acquired Immune Deficiency
conditions in the country favor a wide range of diseases.
Kenya's efforts to control these environmental factors
are complicated by many conditions common to developing
countries: poor transportation and communication networks,
low education levels, and limited availability of basic
to this case study include medical research on disease
diffusion in Kenya by geographer Dr. Veronica Ouma,
new information on the spread of HIV-AIDS throughout
the region, and efforts to bring the virus under control.
Positioning System (GPS)
to Urban Areas