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Science

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Climate and Rate of Soil Formation

Run Time: 00:02:33

Warm temperatures and wet weather contribute to rapid rates of soil formation. Geologist Andy Kurtz of Boston University compares two soil profiles, both developed over 400,000 years in the warm climate of Hawaii. By comparing the profile with heavy rainfall with one that is very dry, Kurtz demonstrates the effect of rainfall on the rate of chemical weathering of rock, and therefore, the rate of soil formation. Featured Scientists: Oliver Chadwick, Ph.D., Andy Kurtz, Ph.D., and Elissa Levine, Ph.D.

Standards

NSES Standard

Grades 5-8 Standard D. Earth and Space Science: Soil consists of weathered rocks and decomposed organic material from dead animals, plants, and bacteria that have different chemical compositions and textures.


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