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Introduction
 biological definitions psychological definitions

Psychological Approaches target the "software," learned faulty behaviors and habits, along with damaging words, thoughts, interpretations, and feedback that direct strategies for daily living. Psychological approaches assume that many disorders result from mental, behavioral, and social factors, such as personal experiences, traumas, conflicts, and environmental conditions.

Psychological Treatments attempt to change behaviors, thoughts, and thought processes that impair daily living, thereby improving functioning. Practiced by clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers and counselors, psychological treatments include four types of psychotherapy.


Psychodynamic Therapy

View: Problems are symptoms of unresolved traumas and conflicts

Focus: Inner, often unconscious motivations as well as attempts to resolve conflicts between personal needs and social requirements

Approach: By understanding and making more conscious the relationships between overt problems and the unresolved, internal conflicts that caused them, people can work through problems to reach an effective solution


Behaviorial Therapy

View: Problems are the result of learned, self-defeating behaviors

Focus: Observable behavior and conditions that sustain unhealthy behavior

Approach: By applying the principles of conditioning and reinforcement, people can learn healthy behaviors


Cognitive Therapy

View: Problems are the result of what we think (cognitive content) and how we think (cognitive process), including distorted view of situations and self, faulty reasoning, and poor problem solving

Focus: Thoughts and thought processes that cause problematic emotions and behaviors

Approach: By reconfiguring damaging thinking patterns, people can learn healthy, realistic ways of thinking about life experiences


Existential/Humanistic Therapy

View: Problems are the result of issues related to difficulties in daily life, especially a lack of both meaningful relationships and significant goals

Focus: Ways to unite mind and body, that is, the whole person, and thus release the potential for greater levels of performance and greater richness of experience

Approach: By examining experiences in current life situations, people can develop their individuality and learn how to realize their full potential



Explore the approaches in practice.





 

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