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Discovering Psychology logo
 
Research Methods
History of Psychology
The Human Brain
Human Development
Therapeutic Approaches
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Introduction Investigate Research Data Ethical issues
The Question Procedures

Methodology

 

After defining your sample and describing your variables of interest, you can then decide on the best research method and design, and what, if any, control procedures you may need in order to safeguard from alternative explanations. Alternative explanations result when factors other than those you are researching cause the observed effects.

 

Click on the links to learn more, then test your knowledge:

 

Question 1: If your study is designed to test the cause-and-effect relationship between two variables, you are using ___.

X

a. correlational methods

 

b. experimental methods

X

c. experimental bias

X

d. between subjects design

 


Answer: Correct. If your study is designed to test the cause-and-effect relationship between two variables, you are using experimental methods.

Question 2: If, in your study, you measure participants against themselves, you are using ___.

 

a. within-subjects design

X

b. the scientific method

X

c. between subjects control procedures

X

d. the self-test method

 


Answer: Correct. If, in your study, you measure participants against themselves, you are using within-subjects design.

Question 3: Using a double-blind-control allows you to ___.

X

a. ensure that you don't have to do double the amount of work

X

b. prevent the possibility of two explanations

 

c. eliminate experimenter bias

X

d. double-check your methods

 


Answer: Correct. Using a double-blind-control allows you to eliminate experimenter bias.


Next, explore data collection.



 

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