Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum

Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

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Discovering Psychology logo
 
Human Development
History of Psychology
Research Methods
The Human Brain
Therapeutic Approaches
link to Series Glossary
link to Series Glossary
Link to Series Who's Who
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Introduction Domain Life stages Conclusion

 Late Adulthood: Ages 65 - Onward

 Biological

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Brain becomes physically smaller and functions more slowly

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Gradual changes continue in appearance, along with weakening of the body sense organs and major body systems

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Losses continue in visual and hearing abilities

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Decreases in immune system and overall muscle strength put older adults at risk of chronic and acute illness

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Short-term memory may decline, but active exercise of mental abilities helps to maintain functioning

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Age-related changes impact sexual functioning, but not pleasure

 Cognitive

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Abilities to receive information, store it in memory, and organize and interpret it decline

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Some short-term memory abilities declined, but methods can help compensate for memory loss and slower thinking

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Aesthetic, philosophical, or spiritual interests emerge or intensify

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Language abilities based on memory and processing speed decline, but overall vocabulary continues to grow

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Driving-related abilities dependent on information-processing speed decrease, while skills based on experience increase

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Wisdom, experience-based problem solving, and semantic knowledge increase

 Psychosocial

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Retirement experience shaped by social class and gender factors, including income, health, and amount of previous planning

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Abilities to cope with stress, reduce negative emotions, and manage personal relationships improve broader perspective on life

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Subjective sense of well-being tends to be higher than at all previous periods

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Satisfaction with life largely dependent on family involvement

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Bereavement for spouse, friends, and families stressful, but most people are able to integrate a loss into their lives within one year after it happens

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End-of-life care that incorporates pain management and psychological support greatly impacts well-being



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