Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum

Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

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Discovering Psychology logo
 
Human Development
History of Psychology
Research Methods
The Human Brain
Therapeutic Approaches
link to Series Glossary
link to Series Glossary
Link to Series Who's Who
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Introduction Domain Life stages Conclusion

 Early Childhood: Ages 2 - 6

 Biological

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Brain attains 90% of its adult weight by age 5, developing faster than any other body part

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Myelination proceeds at different rates in various areas of the brain, resulting in different rates of readiness for certain types of activities

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Physical strength increases and body proportions become more adult-like

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Athletic skills, such as running, jumping, and hopping, dramatically improve

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Fine motors skills, such as writing and drawing, develop slowly

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Gender differences in motor skills begin to emerge

 Cognitive

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Use of mental representations and symbols, such as words, begins

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Ideas about the world continue to be somewhat illogical

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Social interactions with parents and playmates teach about the world

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Language abilities develop rapidly, resulting, on average, in a 14,000-word vocabulary and extensive grammatical knowledge by age 6

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Ability to adjust communication to audience begins

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Metacognition, the ability to think about thought, forms

 Psychosocial

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Play alone or with others becomes increasingly complex and imaginative

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Increased energy fosters ability to initiate new activities, especially if child receives praise for actions

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First awareness of gender roles emerge

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Desire for independence and control over environment increases, making parents' supervisory role more challenging

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Parenting style influences child's psychosocial development

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Socialization in school encourages thinking about world outside the home



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