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American Passages: A Literary SurveyUnit IndexAmerican Passages Home
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2. Exploring Borders   

2. Exploring

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Activities: Author Activities

Christopher Columbus - Selected Archive Items

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[1368] Konrad Kolble, Replica of a Map of the Americas with Portraits of Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, Ferdinand Magellan and Francisco Pizarro around Border (1970),
courtesy of the Library of Congress [LC-USZ62-89908].
Konrad Kolble's facsimile of a map published in 1600 by Theodor de Bry.

[2830] Simon Grynaeus and Johann Huttich, Detail from map in Novus Orbis Regionum ac Insularum Veteribus Incognitarum [Basle: Johann Hervagius, 1532] (1532),
courtesy of the Jay I. Kislak Foundation, Inc.
Map with detail of Native Americans practicing cannibalism. Scholars continue to debate whether indigenous peoples in the Americas practiced cannibalism, as the first explorers and colonizers claimed they did.

[2877] Mercator, Orbis Terrae Compendios Descripto (1587),
courtesy of the Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library/University of Georgia Libraries.
Gerard Mercator was the most famous mapmaker after Ptolemy. His "Mercator Projection," while no longer considered good for global viewing, is still useful for navigation.

[6555] Thomas Nast, A Belle Savage [Columbia Receiving Congratulations from All Parts of the World] (1876),
courtesy of the Library of Congress [LC-USZ62-105127].
This engraving, dating from the nation's first centennial, shows Columbia holding congratulatory papers from such foreign leaders as William Von Bismarck and Alexander II.

[7399] Cortes(?), La Gran Ciudad de Temixtlan (1524),
courtesy of the Newberry Library, Chicago.
This map of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlán is often attributed to Cortes. It is European in style, but the map-view contains information suggesting a native source.

[7508] Vve. Turgis, Depart de Christophe Colomb (c. 1850-1900),
courtesy of the Library of Congress [LC-USZC4-2029].
This lithograph shows Columbus and his crew leaving the port of Palos, Spain, bound for the New World, with a large crowd gathered to see the spectacle.

[7511] Anonymous, Landing of Columbus (c. 1860-80),
courtesy of the Library of Congress [LC-USZC4-4188].
This lithograph shows Columbus and members of his crew displaying objects to Native American men and women on shore.

[7512] George Schlegel, Columbus Reception by the King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain after His First Return from America (c. 1870),
courtesy of the Library of Congress [LC-USZ62-96536].
This lithograph shows Columbus kneeling in front of the king and queen, who are surrounded by courtiers. Armed men and Indians look on.

[8344] Enrico Causici and Antonio Capellano, Christopher Columbus (1824),
courtesy of the Architect of the Capitol.
One of the sculptural reliefs in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol. The figure of Columbus looms large in U.S. cultural history, despite his exploitation of the native peoples he encountered on his voyages.

[8345] Randolph Rogers, Columbus before the Council of Salamanca, 1487 (1860),
courtesy of the Architect of the Capitol.
Columbus at the Council of King Ferdinand presenting a chart from an unsuccessful voyage in order to gain support for his theory regarding a new route to India. On the sides are statuettes of Columbus's friend Juan Perez de Marchena and King Henry VII of England, a patron of navigation, both of whom agreed with Columbus's theory.

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