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American Passages: A Literary SurveyUnit IndexAmerican Passages Home
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2. Exploring Borders   

2. Exploring

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Activities: Author Activities

Bernal Díaz del Castillo - Selected Archive Items

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[3699] Bernal Díaz del Castillo, Historia Verdadera de la Conquista de la Nueva-España (1632),
courtesy of the Jay I. Kislak Foundation, Inc.
Although Bernal Díaz del Castillo composed his True History in the late sixteenth century, it was not published until the seventeenth; the title page of the first edition is shown here.

[7399] Cortés(?), La Gran Ciudad de Temixitlan (1524),
courtesy of the Newberry Library, Chicago.
This map of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlán is often attributed to Cortés. It is European in style, but the map-view contains information suggesting a native source.

[7402] Anonymous, Cortés, Montezuma and Doña Marina, from the Lienzo de Tlaxcala Facsimile (1890),
courtesy of the University of California, Berkeley, and the Bancroft Library.
The Lienzo de Tlaxcala employs the res gestae strategy and provides an interesting counterpoint to the Florentine Codex. Here Cortes is depicted with Montezuma and Doña Marina.

[7561] Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, Florentine Codex, Book 12, plate 45 (1500-99),
courtesy of the School of American Research and the University of Utah Press.
This plate shows Spanish soldiers leading Montezuma into the great palace. The Florentine Codex was illustrated by Aztec scribes in a style that reflected a mixture of pre-Conquest manuscript traditions and European illustration conventions.

[7368] Anonymous, Sheet from the Huejotzingo Codex [1 of 8] (1531),
courtesy of the Library of Congress, Manuscript Division.
In 1531, the people of Huejotzingo asked conqueror Hernán Cortés to initiate a lawsuit against the high court of New Spain concerning the unjust use of indigenous labor and tribute. As part of this petition, eight pages of drawings were made on amatl (fig bark); these drawings are known today as the Huejotzingo Codex.

[7575] Anonymous, Florentine Codex, Libro 12, plate 2 (1500-99),
courtesy of the School of American Research and the University of Utah Press.
This plate shows Spanish soldiers marching. Book 12 of the Florentine Codex depicts the deeds of Cortés and the conquest of Mexico as it was described to Sahagún by Nahuatl-speaking elders and nobility.

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