Spanish: Food Facts and Stories
Connect to Your Teaching
Reflect on Your Practice
As you reflect on these questions, write down your responses or discuss them as a group.
- How do you track students' vocabulary acquisition from awareness/understanding to usage in context?
- How comfortable are you creating original stories that appeal to the age group you are teaching? If that is not your strength, where else could you find a story?
- How can you help students feel comfortable with the performance aspect of a TPRS activity?
- How do you use vocabulary and concepts from disciplines with which you are not very familiar?
- How might you present unfamiliar vocabulary words that have no cognates? In other words, how do you communicate the meaning of new words that are not related to words in other languages?
Watch Other Videos
Watch other videos in the Teaching Foreign Languages K-12 library for more examples of teaching methodologies like those you've just seen. Note: All videos in this series are subtitled in English.
Sports in Action (German) features students engaged in TPRS, and Mapping Planet Earth (French) illustrates connections to other content areas for younger students.
Put It Into Practice
Try these ideas in your classroom.
- To successfully link vocabulary to other disciplines, first refresh or advance your own learning through good authentic materials. Collect materials that are age-appropriate, appeal to your students' interests, and parallel their course of study. Posters, books for young people, magazines, Web sites, and other realia provide highly visual contexts that help learners remember new vocabulary. As you travel or attend professional meetings, look for illustrated classroom references. These will be especially important in subject areas where you feel less knowledgeable.
- Storytelling is a powerful teaching method for all age groups, particularly when there is a set of key vocabulary terms and structures that can be taught as lexical phrases. You could use a story like the one Mr. Pedini wrote, or one that another teacher has shared with you. Most teachers find that the best stories are those created for a particular group of students. Students memorize these stories easily, comprehend grammar structures in them that they have not studied before, and then use the structures in retelling. You can use stories to begin lessons on current events, cultural practices/products, films, literature, and more.
- When introducing new material, you can be the "expert" who helps students acquire new concepts and the language. Plan your interaction, but be prepared to adjust to how students respond and to how well they understand the material. For example, Mr. Pedini uses a variety of materials to build a discussion about nutrients, but he constantly checks to see if students understand and if they can respond meaningfully. The interactions are student-centered despite Mr. Pedini's lead role in the discussion, because students are primarily absorbed in the pursuit of meaning.
- When designing a health-focused lesson in a foreign language classroom, it is important, not only to present accurate information, but to be aware of potentially sensitive issues, in this case regarding nutrition and eating habits. Here are a few things to keep in mind:
1. Recognize that dietary habits vary from person to person. Some students may be vegetarian or vegan, some may have restrictions on certain foods due to religious beliefs or for medical reasons (for example, allergies and diabetes), and some may have an eating disorder or be on a doctor-ordered specialized diet. Refrain from recommending specific foods as sources of a particular nutrient.
2. Show sensitivity to overweight students. It's important to educate about the health dangers of overeating and overindulging in unhealthy foods, but refrain from using language that can be demeaning and embarrassing.
3. Be cautious about presenting information that could be frightening to younger students. For example, although students at this age may not be at risk for certain health problems like heart disease, they could still be left to worry about their parents or other loved ones.
4. Talk about nutrition in terms of "guidelines" rather than "rules." While it's important that students be aware of their dietary habits, preaching strict calorie counting can be intimidating or even damaging, particularly to anyone dealing with an eating disorder. In general, keep in mind that calorie requirements vary among individuals.
5. Avoid discussing fad diets, even if you are attempting to debunk them, as this can add to the confusion, frustration, or temptation that students already feel toward them.
6. Consult with your school's health teacher to make sure that students receive consistent information from class to class.
In general, students need to know they are responsible for making decisions about what they eat and learning how to make the right choices.