Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum

Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

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Link: Teaching Reading: K-2

Student Case Study: Cassandra

Video Summary


Cassandra Becomes a Fluent Reader

Video Summary

The Student, the Teacher, and the Class

Analyzing the Video

Making Connections

Selected Resources

At the beginning of first grade, "Cassandra is a typical beginning first grade reader," according to her teacher, Hildi Perez. In this video, we follow Cassandra's progress in reading throughout the school year. Ms. Perez uses routine assessments and regular conferences with Cassandra's mother to plan instruction that addresses Cassandra's developing needs in reading and writing. Varied instruction and reading practice -- guided-reading groups, whole-class shared reading, partner reading, and independent reading -- provide Cassandra with the necessary skills and strategies to become an accurate, fluent reader. By the end of first grade, Cassandra applies new reading strategies, chooses books that interest her, and feels confident as a reader.

Cassandra's Progress:


Word recognition


Decoding strategies


Oral reading fluency





Factors that contribute to Cassandra's literacy development:

  • Ongoing assessments
  • Opportunities to read and write every day
  • Explicit instruction in word study
  • Flexible grouping practices
  • Parent involvement
  • Cassandra's motivation to read
  • Reading at home

"Once Cassandra gets that instruction in a small group, she can usually go back to the book the next day and practice on her own, and read it independently. The only way she's going to become fluent is by practicing. The more she reads, the more fluent she'll become."
Hildi Perez, first-grade teacher

Next > The Student, the Teacher, and the Class

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