Lesson Plan: Preparing for Group Discussions
Barry Hoonan's lesson plan is also available as a PDF
file. See Materials Needed, below, for links to student
activity sheets related to the lesson.
Teacher: Barry Hoonan, The Odyssey School,
Bainbridge Island, Washington
Grade Level: Fifth
Topic: Using Post-It™ Notes To Prepare
for Literature Discussion
- Multiple text sets (6-8 books of a single title)
- Post-It™ Notes for student use
- Large white paper for mapping discussions
Literature discussions in this classroom are influenced by
the definition of literacy that Barry Hoonan and his students
have adopted from Kylene Beers and Robert Probst ("Classroom
Talk About Literature or the Social Dimensions of a Solitary
Act." Voices From the Middle 5.2 (1998): 16-20). Literacy,
they write, is "the ability to find what we share with the
person behind a text, or the person created by a text, or the
person with whom we discuss it, identifying the common pains
and pleasures, hopes and fears, so that we may see that we
are alike. And it is the ability on other occasions to declare
ourselves other than, different from, the author and his characters
and perhaps readers, rejecting bigotry, insensitivity, indifference,
or illogic" (18).
Mr. Hoonan believes that helping students become literate in
this sense means offering students multiple ways of understanding
themselves in relationship to a literary text. He plans explicit
instruction designed to foreground the ways in which skilled
readers respond to literature, often using a pattern of mini-lesson
followed by small-group discussion during which the teachings
of the mini-lesson find application. In this particular lesson,
he asks students to use Post-It™ Notes as they read to
record their questions, predictions, insights, and interpretive
strategies. Students are then asked to share these notations
with their classmates as they discuss their shared reading
Expected Products From Lesson:
- Read and enjoy literature.
- Use Post-It™ NotesNotes to record questions (unknown vocabulary, unfamiliar cultural or historical information, personal confusions, etc.), predictions (what they expect will happen), insights (understandings, connections to self and/or to earlier texts, recognition of point-of-view from which a character is operating or the author is presenting the story, etc.), and interpretive strategies (ways in which they made meaning from the text at specific points, ways in which they addressed complexities of meaning, etc.).
- Share and discuss their observations with classmates, both in whole-group discussions or in smaller literature discussion groups.
- Use language effectively to create knowledge, make meaning, challenge thinking, and expand their literary envisionments.
- Use language to develop as a classroom community of thinkers and learners, respectful of views other than their own.
- Expand the repertoire of reading and interpretive strategies available for easy use.
Instructional Strategies Implemented:
- Regular use of Post-It™ Notes Notes as preparation for group discussion
- Focused group discussions during which students address both their developing understandings of a text and the tactics they used for doing so
Collaborative Structure of Class:
- Mini-lesson on use of Post-It™ Notes Notes
- Student demonstrations to classmates on their use of Post-It Notes
- Small group discussion of Stuck in Neutral
Because small literature discussion groups are a central feature of Mr. Hoonan's literature instruction, his classroom arrangement centers around tables and chairs to accommodate the groups. Mr. Hoonan sometimes joins a group at a table, recording a discussion, asking questions, or offering procedural suggestions. At other times, he sits outside the group, taking note of what students say and how they interact.
When the class needs to come together as a whole, they gather on a carpeted area near the class library. Equipped with a white board and an overhead, this area provides space for explicit, whole-class instruction.
Follow-Up or Culminating Activities:
- Reading independently
- Writing Post-It™ Notes Notes to record questions, insights and interpretive strategies
- Sharing Post-It™ Notes Note recordings with classmates
- Discussing shared texts
- Webbing issues to focus discussion
- Discussion of readings and interpretive processes
- Sharing of text with other classmates through writing, drama, or art
Students may be assessed on a daily basis through:
The following activities might receive holistic or scaled evaluation
(see Assessment and Evaluation: Some
Useful Principles for a detailed explanation of holistic
and scaled evaluation).
- Contributions to large- and small-group discussions.
- Completion of Post-It™ NotesNote recordings.
- Final individual or group sharing of text with rest of class.