You Know a Monarch When You See One?
This Teacher Guide Includes:
After reading Do You Know a Monarch When You See One? students will:
|Materials List and Helpful Handouts|
|Page-by-Page Planning Guide|
Experience the text first as a reader and then as an instructor. As you read through the booklet/slideshow text, use this planning guide to capture your thoughts: observations, questions, discoveries, vocabulary, possible teaching applications, etc. Share your thinking process with students to model effective reading strategies.
|Step-by-Step Instructional Plan|
Pre-Reading: Set the Stage for Learning
1. Invite students to examine the cover of the booklet/slideshow with the photographs of monarchs and look-alike butterflies. Have them examine the colors, sizes, shapes, patterns and distinguishing field marks of each butterfly. Identify similarities and differences. Ask questions to assess prior knowledge and prepare for reading:
Read aloud the title of the booklet/slideshow and invite
students to take a picture walk through the pages—quickly scanning
the photos, diagrams, and maps. Encourage them to share questions
and predictions before reading.
Reading the Booklet
After Reading: Revisit for Understanding
|Focus on Vocabulary|
and Definitions Related to Monarch Identification
Abdomen (noun): third, most posterior segment of monarch’s 3-part body; located after the thorax
Antennae (noun): pair of slim, segmented sensory organs, sometimes called feelers, found above the mouthparts on the head of the monarch; singular form—antenna
Anterior (adjective): at the front end
Field Marks (noun): physical features or behaviors of an organism that can be seen clearly and can be used to distinguish the organism from other similar species
Forewings (noun): the anterior or front pair of wings
Head (noun): first segment of monarch’s 3-part body containing eyes, antennae, and mouthparts
Hindwings (noun): the posterior or rear pair of wings
Posterior (adjective): at the back end
Scales (noun): tiny, flattened modified hairs that cover the wings of butterflies and moths. The different colors and arrangements of these scales are what give butterfly and moth wings their different colors and patterns. In butterflies, scales are usually arranged like overlapping shingles on a roof.
Thorax (noun): the middle segment of the monarch’s 3-part body; located between the head and abdomen, the monarch’s legs and wings are connected to this muscular middle segment.
Wing margin (noun): outer border of the wings
Wingspan (noun): total distance between the tips of the forewings when the wings are held open
Wing veins (noun): thin, hollow, tubular structures in the wings of insects that provide structural support to the wings. The front edge of the forewings contains the strongest and most important vein in the wings.
Venation (noun): the pattern and arrangement of veins on the wings.
Vocabulary with Journey North