Biologist Dr. David Gibo measured how much ________ monarchs use during different types of flight. His findings show the benefit monarchs can have when traveling with the wind.
Flap or Glide?
Dr. Gibo's experiment compared the energy a monarch burns during flapping flight and soaring/gliding flight.
A Full Tank of Fuel
The experimental monarchs started with ________ mg of stored fat. Dr. Gibo measured how long the monarch could fly with this amount of fuel.
Flapping flight is hard work. When a monarch flaps its wings it burns its fuel quickly. The experimental monarchs ran out of fuel after ________ hours of flight.
When monarchs flew without flapping they could travel ________ hours on that single tank of fuel. Soaring/gliding flight is very efficient. Monarchs can travel over ________ times longer on the same amount of fuel.
|Flight Study Results
A monarch with 140 mg of fat could fly for:
|Type of Flight
||Time Can Fly
Wind and Migration
Dr. Gibo's study confirms why the ________ is such an important factor during migration. Monarchs can save energy by traveling when the winds are favorable.
"The direction and strength of the ________ largely determine the progress of the migration," says monarch biologist Dr. Bill Calvert.