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Reading and Writing Connections for this selection:

Wayne's World


Ranger Wayne Hartley

Reading Strategies:

R un, "Boil", attendance, park ranger, transferred, federal, doctorate, vegetation sampling, roll call, conduct


Prior to reading the selection, create an Artifact Box to introduce details from the upcoming selection. Place any of the following objects in a shoebox: a nametag labeled Wayne Hartley, a "homemade" park ranger badge, blank and/or detailed manatee roll call attendance pages, a photo of a manatee with the caption "Wonder Woman," a camera, and a wildlife book with an inscription on the inside cover "To Wayne, With Love, Grandma." Engage students' curiosity by revealing each item from the box. Invite them to ask questions and make predictions about the objects and how they could be connected. (Asking Questions/Making Predictions; Setting Expectations for Reading)

Introduce the selection by reading aloud the title. Invite students to generate more questions and predictions by using the Clue Collector activity. Write the following clue words on the board or chart paper: Run, Roll Call, Conduct, Spring, and State. Ask students to predict how these words will be used in the nonfiction article. (Activating Prior Knowledge)

Read aloud the article "Wayne's World" to the class. Make copies of Ranger Wayne's Attendance Sheets and the "Attendance Sheet Key" for student reference.

Library Lookout:
Arnosky, Jim. A Manatee Morning. Reading Levels: Grades 2-5
Simon & Schuster Books For Young Readers, 2000 ISBN: 0689816049
This picture book invites readers to swim along with a manatee and her baby in the waters of Crystal River, Florida.

Jacobs, F. Sam the Sea Cow A Reading Rainbow Book. Ages 4-8
This book introduces readers to a manatee named Sam. Read about the events that led to his care at the Miami Seaquarium and his release thirteen months later.

Video Presentation: Manatees: A Living Resource (96 frames, 21 min.)
This video presents details of the manatee's mammalian characteristics, bodily adaptations to an aquatic habitat, food habits, migrations, social and maternal behaviors, deaths and injuries caused by man, population surveys, refuges, and vocalizations. A detailed teachers' guide is available. Video order #FV-1135V

Revisit the objects from the Artifact Box. Ask questions that invite students to share how each object connected with the reading selection. Sample questions: "Why was this item placed in the box?" "Which objects provided the best clues to the details in the text?" "What details were revealed about the wildlife book?" "What did we find out about the camera and attendance sheets?" "Which predictions were confirmed when you read the selection?" "Which predictions need to be revised based on details in the text?" "If you were creating an Artifact Box for this text, what items would you place in the box? Share your reasons for each item." (Summarizing Main Ideas; Confirming and Revising Predictions)

Revisit the selection to highlight each of the words from the Clue Collector. Use a dictionary/thesaurus to collect definitions for each word. Ask questions to help students explore multiple meaning words. Sample questions: "How many definitions are listed in the dictionary for the word, run?" "How can the word run be used as a verb?" "How can it be used as a noun?" "How is the word run used in this selection?" Reread the sentences that contain the multiple meaning words. Invite students to use context clues from the text to match each word with its appropriate definition. Brainstorm other multiple meaning words. Encourage students to collect words from their independent reading selections that have multiple meanings. (Building Vocabulary)

Ask questions that help students summarize the main ideas and details: " Who is Wayne Hartley?" "What are three key details about Ranger Wayne that you learned from the text?" "What kinds of data does Ranger Wayne collect about manatees?" "Why do you think Ranger Wayne Hartley's work with the manatees is important?" "What three questions would you ask Ranger Wayne about his research?" Encourage students to reread the article to collect details that answer the questions. (Summarizing Main Ideas and Details; Drawing Conclusions)

Journaling Questions
1. Ranger Wayne said a book from his Grandmother sparked his interest in manatees. Have you ever received a book that inspired you? What book(s) was it? Who gave it to you?

2. How has it inspired you?

3. Have you ever told the person who gave you the book how it influenced you? (Making Text-to-Self Connections)

Making Connections
Ranger Wayne shared his thoughts about the importance of manatee research: "It's all part of life history..." What you think Ranger Wayne means by the phrase, life history? How do you keep records of your life history? (diaries, journals, scrapbooks, photo albums, time capsules, family videotapes) What objects would you place in an Artifact Box to reveal your stories? (Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions; Making Text-to-Self Connections)

Evaluate(Examining author's strategies.)
Revisit the selection to explore paragraphs written in third person and first person. Ask questions to help students analyze the writing: "Which paragraphs use a narrator's voice to describe Ranger Wayne and his work? (Third Person) Which paragraphs use Ranger Wayne's voice? (First Person) What text features help a reader identify the two voices used to reveal the details of Wayne's World? (Indenting the first person excerpts by Ranger Wayne) What other text features help a reader collect information? (Boldface headlines for different sections)

Writer’s Workshop

  • Descriptive
    Write an entry in Ranger Wayne's journal describing moments from a morning roll call. Include quotes and details from the reading selection.
  • Descriptive
    Create scrapbook pages to record moments of a manatee's life history. Write captions for illustrations/photographs that describe important facts about manatees. Variation: Create scrapbook pages to record moments from Ranger Wayne's research. Use quotes and details from the text to write captions in the scrapbook.
  • Expository
    Write questions you would ask a wildlife researcher who studies manatees.
  • Expressive
    Create a poem titled, "Roll Call in the Run." Use sensory details to create a picture of Ranger Wayne's canoe trip with the manatees.
  • Expressive: Write a thank you letter to Ranger Wayne Hartley, a dedicated researcher who has worked for over twenty years helping wildlife. "How will you thank Ranger Wayne for helping make sure that our life history includes magnificent manatees?"

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