1. Observe, Describe, Wonder
The two-page format encourages inquiry-based exploration. On the first page, students look closely at a photo, describe details, and ask questions. On the second page, they read to discover what the photo reveals about hummingbirds.
Select and show a photo or series of photos. Model how to describe details and ask questions. For example, look at images that capture a hummingbird in flight and think aloud: I noticed the wings look like a blur. I wonder how many flaps their wings make in a second. How and why do hummingbirds hover in mid-air at flower blossoms? How do they get nectar from flowers? Which flowers do hummers prefer? Encourage students to wonder aloud and record their ideas on the Observe and Wonder chart.
2. Provide Clues that Focus on Details
After students look at a photo, describe details, and ask questions, stretch their thinking with one more challenge before letting them click the 'discover' link. Read aloud the photo caption and provide clue words to assess their background knowledge and encourage them to make predictions and ask additional questions.
To prepare for this challenge, choose 4-6 words from the 'discover page' before your photo study session with students. Here's an example:
Sample Photo: Fat Hummingbird Nectaring at Feeder
Doubling Their Weight
Key Words: hyperphagia, fat, fuel, energy, metabolism, frenzy
3. Ask Questions that Lead to Further Exploration
Select from the Guiding Questions to encourage students to explore and think about details in the photo. Have them brainstorm questions inspired by the image you are studying. Use the '5 Ws and H' chart to stretch their question-formulating skills. Have them work with a partner to fill the page with a variety of questions:
Who? What? Where? When? Why? How?
4. Describe, Wonder, Hypothesize
As students examine a photo, challenge them to think and act like scientists,
describing details, writing wonder questions, and posing hypotheses.
5. Build Effective Communication Skills
students collect words and phrases they’ll need to communicate their
scientific thinking. Use the Writer’s Quest for Details
chart to help students find
the words that describe details they observe in photos. Invite them to use the collected words and phrases to write
possible captions for the photos.
6. Strengthen Observation and Thinking Skills
Use the ABC Chart in a variety of ways to build and strengthen students' skills: