and Writing Connections for the Lesson
About Bald Eagle Nests
to Prior Knowledge/Build Background Knowledge
- Ask Questions
and Make Predictions to Set a Purpose for Reading
- Make Inferences
and Draw Conclusions
Main Idea and Details
Ideas from Text: Sensory Details and Comparison
aerie, incubate, breeding, conifers, coniferous, snags, camouflage, meters,
wintering grounds, scarce, canopy, snags, crown, talons, interweave, fibers,
sprigs, repellent, camouflage
• To introduce the selection, activate students’ prior
knowledge: “Imagine you are a researcher who has just been
hired to find facts about eagles’ nests. If you were about
to read a book about eagles’ nests, what kinds of information
would you expect to find? What questions would a reader have about
eagles’ nests? What fascinating facts would you like to research
about eagles’ nests?” Create a class chart of possible
• Read “About
Eagle Nests, ” the related selection “Bald
Eagle Nests” by Peter Nye, and other selections with facts
about eagles and their nests.
• Library Lookout: Find and read “Strange
Nests” by Ann Shepard Stevens. Millbrook Press Inc., 1998,
This illustrated picture book examines the nests and nest-building
habits of eleven birds common to the continental United States,
as well as unusual nests that have been built when normal nesting
materials were in short supply. Includes facts about the bald eagles’
• Revisit the selection by creating an informational chart
that organizes details from the selection into fact categories:
Who? Where? What? When? Why? How? Have students work with a partner
to reread the selection for facts to write in each of these categories.
Encourage students to write hypotheses for questions that were not
answered in the selection. Invite students to research facts for
Revisit the selection by highlighting words and phrases that describe
“Where Eagles Can Be Found.” Have students identify
and list the words and phrases that describe places.
Encourage students to locate Saskatchewan and other places mentioned
in the selection on a map or globe.
Invite students to create illustrations that depict eagles and their
Journaling Questions: Why do eagles put greenery
in their nests?
Making Connections: Describe your bedroom. How
would you describe its “interior design?” What kind
of a housekeeper are you? How often do you clean your bedroom?
(Readers examine author’s strategies)
1. How did the author help you focus on the main ideas and details
described in this selection? (Paragraphs of text highlighted with
2. Reread the lead sentences of each paragraph. What kinds of leads
did the author use in this article?
3. Authors help readers learn new facts by making comparisons. Identify
parts of the selection that try to help readers connect facts by
4. What sensory words and phrases did the author use to help readers
visualize eagles and their nests?
a Story Elements graphic organizer. Brainstorm ideas writers
could use to compose fictional stories about eagles. Here are
some examples to help you get started: Characters: a mature
male eagle, a juvenile eaglet; Settings: a new nest in a large
tree, a thirty-four year old nest in Ohio; Problems: unfriendly
“neighbors,” foul fumes, crowded conditions/density
issues. Use ideas from the reading selection to brainstorm ideas
for your Story Elements Chart.
a magazine article that describes the largest eagle nest ever
found. In your description include similes, metaphors, and sensory
details to help readers visualize the record-breaking nest found
Write a paragraph that explains how eagles build a nest.
Write a humorous letter to an eagle persuading him to clean
his nest. Use details from the reading selection to get ideas
for your letter..