By Hatch Year*
As of January 4, 2017.
Data Courtesy WCEP.
|Four cranes died before fall migration: PR #32-16, PR 34-16, PR #37-16 and wild-born W7-16.
Crane #64-15 was presumed dead and removed from the population totals in January 2017 after being missing since leaving on migration in fall 2015.
Crane #62-15 died in December 2016. His remains were discovered at Crab Orchard NWR in southwest IL. Cause of death was likely from hitting a powerline.
Crane #1-15 died in mid October 2016. Her remains were discovered by Wisconsin DNR pilot Mike Callahan in Rock County, Wisconsin. Cause of death undetermined.
Crane #9-14 was killed the end of January 2016, likely by a bobcat, near the winter pen at St. Marks where her remains were discovered.
Crane #10-14 was near the winter pen at St. Marks when her remains were discovered January 2, 2016. Predation by bobcat is suspected.
Crane #21-14 (PR) was found dead Oct. 8, 2014, after her release but before her first southward migration.
Crane 2-14 was killed by a predator on the evening of March 15, 2015, before she could return to the release enclosure after a day of foraging.
Crane W3-14 was killed by a predator in April 2015, shortly after completing her first northward migration.
Crane #9-13'sremains were discovered in Marquette County, Wisconsin, in Apri 2016 but it's likely he had been killed sometime during late fall 2015 and his remains covered until the the snow melted in spring 2016.
Crane 57-13 died between May 9 and May 11, 2015, in Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin.
Crane 8-13 was found with a broken leg at the younger chicks' pen site at St. Marks NWR on January 5, 2015, when the team arrived to put legbands on the Class of 2014. They took her to the local veterinarian, where she was euthanized.
Crane 5-13 apparently died the night of Nov. 27, 2014, shortly after arriving back on St. Marks NWR in Florida after fall migration. His remains were discovered by Operation Migration pilot Brooke Pennypacker on January 1st, 2015, on St. Marks.
Crane 3-13 died on his first migration north. His remains were located May 13 by the Kentucky Department of Fish & Wildlife in the same field where #1-13 struck a powerline and died.
Crane 1-13 died in April 2014 in Kentucky, likely from a powerline collision, while making her first migration north.
DAR #50-13 (Radar) died in January 2014 in Mason County, Illinois.
DAR #51-13 (Squiggy) died in January 2014 in Mason County, Illinois.
DAR #54-13 (Fonzi) died in in January 2014 in Mason County, Illinois.
Crane #W3-13 presumably died soon after completing her first southward migration with her parents, on their wintering territory in Illinois.
DAR #55-13 (Epstein) died in early December, 2013, before his first fall migration.
DAR #56-13 (Klinger) died at the end of November 2013 before departing Horicon NWR on her first southward migration.
DAR #52-13 (Hawkeye) died November 12, 2013 before departing Horicon NWR on her first southward migration.
DAR #53-13 (Maude) died November 12, 2013 before departing Horicon NWR on his first southward migration.
Parent-reared chicks #20-13 (found dead on shoulder of a public road that runs through Necedah NWR) and #21-13 (scavenged remains found on Necedah NWR) died during October 2013 after release and before their first fall migration.
Crane #2-12 died in early June 2016, cause of death undetermined with no sign of predation or injury. He and mate had just hatched a new chick.
Crane #7-12 died in June 2015, cause of death undetermined.
Crane #W1-12 died in Wisconsin before fall 2013 migration. Death occurred in early October, and the remains of W8-12 were discovered at the same time. The two were last seen alive during an aerial survey on September 9, 2013.
Crane #W8-12 died in Wisconsin before fall 2013 migration. Death occurred in early October, and the remains of W8-12 were discovered at the same time. The two were last seen alive during an aerial survey on September 9, 2013.
DAR Crane #13-12 was found and her remains collected by ICF tracker Eva on July 18 in Dane County, WI, where she had been since arriving back after spring migration. She likely died on or around June 17.
Crane #6-12 was killed by a bobcat at Florida's St. Marks NWR during her first winter.
DAR #12-12 died on his Florida wintering grounds likely in late December 1012 or January 2013; he had been reported wiht a possible leg injury on Dec. 28, 2012.
DAR #17-12 died on her Florida wintering grounds likely in late December 1012 or January 2013.
DAR Crane #15-12 was presumed dead and removed from the population total in June 2014 after being missing since winter/spring 2013.
Crane #11-12 was was presumed dead and removed from the population total in June 2014 after being missing since winter/spring 2013.
Crane 4-11 was apparently shot and killed at her winter location in southwest Indiana in early January 2017.
Crane 20-11 (DAR) died in Green Lake County, Wisconsin, on June 26, 2015, of unknown causes. She was last observed alive on June16 in the same marsh area.
Crane 2-11 had not been detected since April 9 2013 in Florida and was presumed dead and removed from the population totals in April, 2015.
DAR #14-11 was shot in Wisconsin in July 2013. The announcement of this shooting death was withheld from the public until June 23, 2014, after the shooters were charged.
DAR #13-11, missing since fall migration 2011, is considered dead and was removed May 1, 2013 from the population total of the eastern flock.
Crane #9-11's carcass was discovered next to a road and some powerlines in Polk County, Wisconsin, on July 6, 2012.
Crane #27-10 (DAR) hasn't been seen or heard from since April 22, 2014, in Wisconsin. Suspected dead, she was removed from the population totals in April, 2015.
Crane #3-10 was presumed dead and removed from the flock's population totals in 2013 after being missing since Feb. 2012.
Crane #21-10 DAR died of unknown causes on his wintering grounds at Hiwassee WR in Tennessee. Based on tracking data, his death likely occurred on February 2.
Crane #16-10 was presumed dead and removed from the flock's population totals after being missing since May 2012.
Crane #W1-10 died November 4, 2013 at ICF, where she she was being treated since mid September for a foot/leg injury.
Crane #17-10 died on his summer territory on the Necedah National Wildlife Refuge in Juneau County, Wisconsin, between July 2 and 23 (estimate based on tracking data), 2013. His remains were discovered on August 20, 2013. He was in molt, thus flightless, at the time of his death.
Crane #9-10 died on her summering territory in Adams County, Wisconsin on approximately April 19, 2013. Her carcass was collected there on April 25, 2013, and the remains were sent to the USGS National Wildlife Health Center in Madison for necropsy.
DAR #21-10 died on his wintering territory at Hiwassee WR in Tennessee, likely on February 2, 2013, according to tracking data. Cause unknown.
Crane #6-10 returned to Wisconsin in spring 2012 but her remains were found during an aerial survey over Necedah NWR on June 13, 2012.
#15-10's remains were found August
18, 2011 in Juneau County, Wisconsin. Information provided
by the landowner indicates that #15-10 died approximately
missing in early February 2011 after the shooting
death of another crane in her wintering group and
near the Georgia/Alabama border in
mid-February. Officials believe the two deaths are
related and a large reward is offered for information
leading to the arrest and conviction of the person(s)
who killed these birds.
#24-10 and DAR
shot in December 2010 near Albany,Georgia
under suspicious circumstances that are being investigated
by authorities. Hunters discovered and reported
three dead cranes on Dec. 30,
2010. The birds had arrived in the area with two
other DAR flock mates several days prior to their
shooting. A reward is offered for information leading
to the arrest of the shooters: Contact U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service Special Agent Terry Hasting
at 404-763-7959 (ext. 233).
killed by a predator on October 30,
2010 on Necedah NWR, just five days after the DAR cranes were released
among older cranes before migration.
#2-10 was removed from the ultralight-led Class of 2010 during
the second half of migration due to wing/flight problems.
Crane #11-10 had ongoing respiratory problems and died on September
30 (before migration).
Crane #4-10 was found dead at evening roost check on October
7 (before migration).
Crane #15-09 (formerly #915) died in September 2016 at Necedah NWR. Cause of death remains undetermined.
Crane #6-09 (formerly #906) died in June 2015, cause of death undetermined.
Crane 14-09 (formerly #914) died on her wintering grounds in Gibson County, Indiana, where her remains were found on April 29, 2015; she had likely died on or by April 18, 2015.
Crane 4-09 (formerly #904) was found dead on on May 5, 2014, due to blunt trauma to the body. This nesting female was found with a broken leg about 20 yards from her nest.
Crane 8-09 (formerly #908)) died April 18, 2014. Her intact carcass was collected near the nest where she had laid an egg and was incubating with her mate #2-04.
#35-09's signal was detected in Greene County, Indiana, during an aerial survey flight on February 12 and her remains were collected from this location on Feb. 19.
Crane #905 was
illegally shot, along with her mate, on the pair's wintering territory in November 2013 and was euthanized days later at a Kentucky rehabilitation cenrter after surgery could not save her.
#37-09 (DAR) was found dead on her summer territory in Juneau County, Wisconsin, and her remains collected on May 12, 2013. Tracker Eva Szyszkoski estimates she died between late May 8 and early May 9, based on tracking records.
Crane #913 was
presumed dead and removed from the population total in February 2012 after being missing for over a year.
#927 was presumed after not
being detected for over a year. He was removed from the
in spring 2011.
#901 died (likely in late Novembe) on Necedah
NWR. Remains were found on Dec. 1, 2010 but cause and
date of death have not yet been determined.
40-09 (DAR) was euthanized on August 16, 2010 due to a severely
dislocated left hip that caused her much pain and was not
healing. She had been reported with an injured left leg in
the Mill Bluff area near Necedah NWR on August 1. She was
captured and transported to Necedah NWR for care and treatment
at Necedah NWR, but she suffered and did not get better.
903 was killed in March of 2010 on Chassahowitzka
("Chass") National Wildlife Refuge, likely by a bobcat.
#813 (13-08), was presumed dead and removed from the population total after being missing since April 2011.
#827 (27-08), was shot and killed in Indiana in early January 2012.
Crane #830 (or 30-08) was found on her wintering territory in Indiana with a severely injured leg on January 31. She was captured and taken to the Indianapolis Zoo, where she was euthanized.
#31-08 (DAR), was discovered with
his mate (27-05 DAR), on their breeding territory in
Forest, Wisconsin on July 7, 2011, both of them dead.
is being performed on the remains.
#805 (5-08), last seen Dec. 10, 2009 in
Wisconsin, was presumed dead and counted out of the flock
total in Dec. 2010.
#812 (12-08), last seen Dec. 10, 2009 in
Wisconsin, was presumed dead and counted out of the flock
total in Dec. 2010.
Crane #36-08, last detected Dec. 11, 2009
in Tennessee, was presumed dead and counted out of the
flock total in Dec. 2010.
#818 was killed by a predator on Necedah NWR soon after
return from spring migration.
819 was killed in September of 2009 on Necedah
National Wildlife Refuge, likely by coyotes (many coyote
footprints in the area).
#10-08 (formerly #810) was no longer considered
alive in the Eastern flock population totals as of May,
2009, although his death was never confirmed or substantiated
by additional evidence.
803 was found dead April 28, 2009, by ICF
tracker Eva in Wood County, Wisconsin, likely killed
by a bobcat
within the previous 24 hours.
#37-08 was killed
by an alligator in Florida in
April 2009. Her remains were discovered during
an aerial survey of Paynes Prairie Preserve State
April 15. She had last been seen alive
during a similar survey April 7. The leg with
was traced and recovered on April 16, in an
alligator 165 miles away from the kill site.
826 died April 8, 2009, from a leg injury
suffered on his first migration north. He was rescued
by a landowner and taken for medical help but
did not survive.
#32-08 was found dead by a local resident near East
Bristol in Columbia County, Wisconsin on April 3, 2009,
less than 3 weeks after completing her first spring migration. She
had been seen alive just a few hours before the carcass
was found in the ditch about 10 feet from the edge of
a road and about 50 feet from a power distribution line
on the other side of the road. An exam will be done to
determine cause of death.
#35-08 died before she could make her first
migration. She was found a few weeks after being released
on Necedah NWR in Wisconsin, the victim
#726 (26-07) was killed while incubating two eggs on her nest in early May, 2015.
#712 (12-07) had been missing since April 2012, and was presumed dead and removed from the flock's population totals in March 2014.
#733 (33-07), was illegally shot along with his mate, in December 2013 on the pair's wintering grounds in Hopkins County, Kentucky, and his carcass found on December 13 about five miles from the site.
#722 (22-07), was presumed dead and removed from the population total in Dec. 2013 after her mate was seen first alone, and later with another female, on the pair's wintering territory.
#727 (27-07), was presumed dead and removed from the population total after being missing since March 2011 in Indiana.
Crane #703 was
presumed dead and removed from the population total in early 2013 after he suddeniy went missing from his mate on their wintering territory in December 2012.
46-07 (DAR) was found dead on the Necedah NWR on August 28, 2012.
Crane #713 was
presumed dead and removed from the population total in February 2012 after being missing since November of 2010.
#42-07 (DAR)'s carcass, along with the
carcass of her mate #524,
was found on this breeding pair's
Adams County territory on June 13, 2011. Experts suspect
she died of septicemia, and analysis of
lab cultures and tissues
pending. The pair's first nest had failed in April.
#44-07 (DAR) was missing and presumed
dead by summer 2010 and removed from the total count of the
missing and presumed dead by smmer 2010 and removed from the
total count of the Eastern flock.
missing and presumed dead by summer 2010 and removed from
the total count of the Eastern flock.
#709 was observed alive on May 22, 2010
and was apparently dead
by May 24, the next date when his mate
(#717) was observed alone. His carcass was discovered
near a boundary of Necedah NWR that was not crane habitat,
and #709 may have dropped while airborne. A necropsy
will determine the cause of death.
40-07 (DAR) died sometime
after November 17, 2008, when she was last observed at
her Michigan territory. Her remains and PTT were found
on March 9, 2009 by the Michigan landowner on whose property
she was living.
721 was found dead soon
after arriving in Florida in Dec. 2008 with mate #307.
She was found on January 3, 2009 but likely died a
last week in December 2008.
DAR #45-07 was killed Oct. by a predator just hours after her release
on Necedah NWR.
DAR#41-07 was killed Oct. 31, 2007 when he was struck by a small jet
at the Dane County Airport in Madison, Wisconsin.
#36-07 died Nov. 4, 2007 as a result of a power
line collision in Kentucky on his first migration south.
#43-07 died March 22, 2008 as a result of
a power line collision in Indiana on her first migration north.
714 was killed March 30, 2008, the victim of a predator while
on a spring migration stopover.
735 was alive and well
in July 2008, but unable to fly from an injury received
during final health checks in Florida after her first
migration. She was transported back to Wisconsin in spring,
but, unable to fly, removed from the population to a
captive breeding center to become a parent bird.
710 was captured in Wisconsin
and removed from the flock June 3, 2009 after it became
clear that he was habituated to (used to and comfortable
around) people. The team worried that he would attract
other birds to the same unsafe behavior so 710 will now
live in a zoo.
#28-06 (DAR) was missing and presumed
dead and removed from the population total in summer 2010.
chick from the flock's first wild-hatched pair died at 4 months
of age, before its first migration.
of the 18 juveniles at the Chassahowitzka NWR pen site died
in the early morning of February 2, 2007 as a severe thunderstorm
with high winds, resulting high tides and heavy rain, passed
through the area: #601,
#32-06 was killed by a predator (probably bobcat)
the end of January, 2007. Her remains were discovered
Feb. 6, 2007.
#26-06 was killed (likely by a predator) on April
13, 2007 at a migration stopover in Indiana.
was found dead the end of April on his territory at Halpata
Preserve in Florida before he could leave on migration. No signs
of predation and no clues as to cause of death. A necropsy is
being performed to determine how he died.
Crane #505 (#5-05) died in September 2015. Predation was suspected.
#514 was presumed dead and removed from the population total in February 2012 after being missing since May of 2010.
#506 was found shot to death in Jackson County, Indiana on December 30, 2011. The death is the second Indiana shooting (Crane #217 was shot there in 2009) and is under federal investigation.
#33-05 (DAR), missing since reported in Jackson County, Indiana on February 25 through March 6, 2010,was considered dead and was removed from the population total of the Eastern Flock in December 2011.
been missing long term and presumed dead and removed
from the total count in the population of the Eastern
#27-05 (DAR), was discovered with
her mate (31-08 DAR), on their breeding territory in
Forest, Wisconsin on July 7, 2011, both of them dead.
A necropsy is being performed on the remains.
#524's carcass, along with
the carcass of his mate, was found on this breeding pair's
Adams County territory on June 13, 2011. His
was too decomposed to determine the cause of death
tissues were unsuitable for further analysis. Experts suspect
his mate died of septicemia, and analysis of
lab cultures and tissues
#511 was missing and presumed dead and removed from the
total count in the population of the Eastern flock in summer
missing and presumed dead and removed from the total count
in the population of the Eastern flock in summer 2010.
died September 13, 2005 from colliding with the plane wire during
training (before the chicks and ultralights left Wisconsin
died on Day 27 (Nov. 9, 2005) of the southward migration, found
dead in the travel pen after a fight with another crane in the
died sometime between July and September, 2006. His remains
were discovered Oct 28, 2006 when his signal was detected during
died in her wintering area in Citrus County, Florida, between
February 9 and 12, 2007. Her remains were discovered Feb. 20,
2007. Bobcat predation is suspected.
died in Florida in April, 2007, likely from alligator predation.
died in Wisconsin in July, 2007, killed by a predator when she
was molting and flightless in a drought-stricken wetland.
died in Wisconsin sometime during the first two weeks of July,
2007, killed by a predator at the edge of a dried-up pond.
completely intact body was found August 20, 2007 in a few inches
of water. Experts believe she died on August 16 or 17, before
the rains came and the marsh was likely dried up. Her carcass
will be given to the USGS National Wildlife Health Center for
necropsy to determine cause of death.
Crane #503 was
missing since May 2007 and not found until April 2008
were detected from the territory of her and mate 507. The
remains of both birds were found there on April 20, 2008.
Death had likely occurred shortly after they were last observed
in May 2007.
Crane #507 was
missing since May 2007 and not found until April 2008 when
faint radio signals were detected from the territory of him
and mate 503. The remains of both birds were found there
on April 20, 2008. Death had likely occurred shortly after
they were last observed in May 2007.
Crane #501 was
killed during the night by a bobcat and found the next day:
March 19, 2010, just south of the chicks' release pen at
Chassahowitzka NWR in Florida.
Crane #19-04 (#419 )went missing from her territory in Wood County, Wisconsin, between the evening of 16 August, when she was last observed alive, and 20 August, when she was first discovered missing. She was suspected dead and was removed from the population total in September.
Crane #15-04 (#415), who had not been observed since May 11, 2013, was presumed dead and removed from the population totals in summer, 2013.
#12-04 (412) His life was cut short by a
gunman on January 28, 2011 when he was shot dead on his
winter territory in eastern Alabama. Federal wildlife
are offering a $6,000 reward for arrest and conviction
of the person who killed this bird. He was the fourth
endangered Whooping crane to be illegally
shot in the winter of 2010-2011.
Crane #420 wintered
in Tennessee but died in Chippewa County, Wisconsin after
completing spring migration. She was found by a road in Chippewa
County. No power lines were in the area and her mysterious
death is being investigated.
died Dec. 11, 2004 of Eastern Equine Encephalitis, one day before
arrival at the Florida pen site with her group's ultralight
died March 14, 2005, killed by a bobcat while roosting 200
meters from the Florida pen.
died from an injury during summer training (before 1st migration).
was killed by a power line collision in Wisconsin in July, 2005.
died May 11, 2005, the victim of a Wisconsin predator.
died in June 2006, the victim of a Wisconsin predator.
decomposed but otherwise intact carcass was found on
September 13, 2007, in dry sedge marsh at his Wisconsin territory
on northeastern Meadow Valley Flowage. Tracking data indicated
that death probably occurred during August 29-31. He was last
seen alive on August 20, the same date that the carcass of his
mate (#502) was retrieved in the same general location.
#314 was fatally injured during summer aircraft training
before the first migration.
#319 was found dead in Michigan in August 2004, likely
killed by a coyote.
#305 was killed in South Carolina during 2004 fall
migration, likely by a bobcat.
#304 was found dead Oct. 27, 2005 at Necedah. No signs
#302 was found dead July 17, 2006 in Monroe County,
WI, likely the victim of a predator. It was the first death
of a member of a breeding pair of whooping cranes in the new
found dead on his Wisconsin territory on July 12, 2007. He was
flightless due to molt (loss and regrowth of feathers), which
was about 80% complete. He was killed by a predator, apparently
a large mammal, in a dried marsh in this drought-stricken area.
Tracking data indicated that he died on or about July 6.
#301 was found dead September 28, 2007 at Necedah.
Tracking data indicated that death probably occurred on the
night of 25 September, and her carcass was intact. Cause of
death is unknown and a necropsy will be performed.
#316 was presumed dead and removed from the population total in February 2012 after being missing since May of 2010.
#307 was found dead on his summer territory and
his remains collected on July 21, 2011.
#303 was found injured on August 8, 2011 near
a refuge road bordering her territory. She was euthanized
after being brought to ICF for
#311 was found dead on May 31, 2012 during an aerial survey over Necedah NWR. His carcass is being examined for cause of death.
Crane 317 (17-03) was presumed dead and removed from the population total in June after last being seen alive on Nov. 24, 2013, in Indiana with his mate.
Crane 310 (10-03) The heavily scavenged remains were collected on his summering territory on the Necedah National Wildlife Refuge, Juneau County, Wisconsin, on 24 October.
Crane #11-02 (formerly #211) was last seen on his summer territory with his mate and chick July 1, 2016, and his carcass was recovered in August 2016.
#210 was fatally injured when struck by ultralight
wing during on the first leg of fall migration 2002.
#207 died August 30, 2003 from capture myopathy after
being retrieved from South Dakota.
#215 was found dead in Alabama on Jan. 3, 2005. Death
is under investigation.
#206 was removed
from the study before migration to be a role model at Patuxent
#214 died Feb. 2005 near
the pen in Florida, the apparent victim of a bobcat.
#203 died July 22, 2006 in
Wisconsin, the apparent victim of a predator.
#208 died Dec.
27, 2006 in Indiana
(photos), from stress-induced myopathy after an apparent
powerline strike while at a migration stopover site in Indiana.
died Jan. 2007 in Florida. Her remains are being examined for
missing since March 2007, was officially removed from the
population in February 2008. The team presumes she has died.
missing since June 2007, was officially removed from the
population in July 2008. The team presumes she has died.
who was seen badly limping in May 2008, was officially removed
from the population in September 2008. Her mate was on the
territory alone, and the team presumes she has died.
205, although his death was never confirmed
or substantiated by additional evidence, was no longer
considered alive in the Eastern flock population totals
as of May, 2009.
217, the famous female in the First Family,
was shot to death during 2009 fall migration. Her death
was discovered December 1, 2009, just 3 days after she'd
with her mate in Indiana as they migrated south. Indiana
Department of Natural Resources conservation officers
and U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service special agents are investigating. The U.S.
Fish and Wildlife Service
is offering a minimum reward of $2,500 to the person
or people who provide information leading to a conviction. [Killers
caught and sentenced]
#101, the oldest crane in the Eastern Migratory Population (EMP) was
removed from the wild flock into captivity at Zoo New England in Boston on May 29 due to repeated inadequate and uncorrectable behaviors at the Vok Field National Guard Base.
was presumed dead and
counted out of the flock total in July 2011 after not being
detected since May 2010.
#111 died from capture myopathy after pre-migration
health check and banding on 9/11/2001.
#109 was removed from the study due to feather problems
and is now at Audubon Zoo in New Orleans.
#103 died from a power line collision when she escaped
in a storm on the ultralight-led journey south.
#104 was killed by a bobcat at the pen site in Florida
shortly after arrival.Crane
#110 was killed by a bobcat at the pen site in Florida.
#106 was found dead May 3, 2005, likely killed by a
predator just after returning to Wisconsin.
Crane #102 was
found dead October 12, 2008 on Necedah NWR after being killed
by a predator sometime after mid-July.
Crane #105 was
removed from the study in 2011 due to repeated visits to a
female crane at Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Park in
Florida. He will
spend the rest of his life in captivity there, in the company
of the captive female crane he likes so much.
* Includes losses (through death or removal) of ALL Eastern Flock birds that
began ultralight training in Wisconsin, plus birds of the
Direct Autumn Release (DAR), birds hatched from wild parents, and birds in the parent-reared release.
North is pleased to feature this educational adventure in collaboration
Migration and the entire Whooping
Crane Eastern Partnership (WCEP).