Identify and Analyze Text Structure
How is the information organized? Authors make decisions about how to present information to readers. They choose from a variety of structures to organize the information for readers:
(Time/Order) Chronological articles reveal events in a sequence from beginning
to end. Words that signal chronological structures include: first, then,
next, finally, and specific dates and times.
Readers experience a variety of text structures. Identifying the structure of a text helps readers read efficiently. Readers select specific comprehension strategies that fit a particular text based on knowledge of how the information is organized. Readers can anticipate what information will be revealed in a selection when they understand text structure. Understanding the pattern of the text helps readers organize ideas for synthesizing and summarizing.
Questions that help readers use text structures to aid comprehension: