Compare and Contrast Ideas
often connect unknown ideas with known concepts to help readers learn
about a topic. Instruction includes identifying author’s
use of comparisons and a reader’s ability to make comparisons. Readers identify and collect similes, metaphors, and analogies to build understanding and showcase their comprehension.
A comparison of two unlike things that are
alike in one way. A simile uses like or as or a comparative adjective
Butterflies are like flower petals
Migration is like a journey.
An implied comparison between two unlike things. A metaphor does not use
a clue word to make the comparison.
Butterflies are flower petals
Migration is a journey.
A comparison of two or more objects. The analogy implies that the objects
are alike in some way.
An orchestra of robins welcomed the sunrise.
Birds soar through highways in the sky.
does this selection remind you of?
does (idea from selection) remind you of?
comparisons did the author use to describe ideas?
similes or metaphors did the author use to describe ideas in the selection?
analogies were used to help readers connect ideas?
are the similarities described? What are the differences described?
- How did
the author help readers learn new ideas?
- Why did
the author compare...to... How are they alike? How are they different?
often connect new ideas with something a reader may already know. What
examples from the selection show this writing strategy?