Before, During, and After Reading
generate questions before, during and after reading. Questions pertain
to the text’s content, structure and language. They ask questions
for different purposes including those that clarify their own developing
understanding. Readers wonder about the choices the author made when
to use BEFORE reading:
Activate topic specific knowledge, general world
knowledge, text organization or structure knowledge, and author knowledge:
clues does the title/subtitle reveal?
genre of writing does this article represent? Fiction? Nonfiction? Poetry?
on the genre of writing, how will you read this selection?
- What expectations
do you have when you read nonfiction? Fiction? Poetry?
information do you know about this topic?
information could be researched to deepen your understanding of the
- Why are
you reading this article? What is your goal? (Set a purpose for reading.)
information do you hope this article will include?
questions do you hope this article will answer?
- Do you
know this author’s work? Have you read other pieces written by
this author? What do you know about the kinds of writing this author
- Why do
you think the author wrote this article?
you scan the text features (title, subtitle, headings, illustrations,
captions, bold print, italicized phrases), what details can be collected
to help you prepare for reading?
to use DURING reading:
Monitor level of comprehension; Apply problem-solving strategies when
comprehension breaks down:
- What do you understand from the paragraph you just
- Could you summarize its key ideas?
- What three words represent key ideas? What clues in
this paragraph will help you understand that unfamiliar word?
- Do you need to reread the paragraph to understand
what the author is saying?
- Do you need to slow down your reading in order to
understand the ideas? What strategies can you use to unlock the meanings
in this text?
- What images can you visualize using text details in
order to build your understanding?
- Do you need to stop and check the dictionary for an
unfamiliar word? Is it essential to know its definition in order to
understand the main ideas of the article? Or can you read on?
to use AFTER reading:
Respond, Make Connections, Extend Comprehension, Analyze and Evaluate
Ideas, Read Between and Beyond the Lines, Assess Literal and Interpretative
pre-reading questions did this article answer?
pre-reading predictions were confirmed?
predictions were revised?
are the main ideas of this article?
generalizations can be made using the details from the text?
- What conclusions
can be made from the details described in the selection?
- What cause
and effect relationships were revealed?
- How did
the author reveal descriptive information?
is the overall theme of this article?
connections did you make with the information in this article?
you recommend this article to other readers? Why or why not?