Background: Text can be classified in one or more categories:
Procedures: After reading a selection, students classify the text as descriptive, expository, persuasive, narrative, informational, technical, clarification, or expressive. They collect words, phrases, and sentences from the text to support their classification. Students may determine that a selection belongs in more than one category. Focus discussion and instruction on students’ reasoning rather than the choice of category.
Examples: Writing prompts for different genres are provided in the Reading and Writing Connection Lessons. See the Writer’s Workshop section of the lessons for samples.
Variations: Ask students to circle words that provide clues to the type of writing the text reveals. Invite students to rewrite a text in another form. For example, after reading an expository selection, students use the facts revealed about a topic to write a reflective response, an expressive poem, a persuasive editorial, or a fictional narrative.
Reading Strategies: Activate Prior Knowledge, Analyze Ideas from Text, Build Vocabulary, Identify Main Ideas and Details, Summarize Information, Synthesize Ideas, Make Connections, Identify Author’s Viewpoint and Purpose