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Interactives -- Historical and Cultural Contexts Image of a Newspaper Pick another Interactive:


Speed Round

Now that you are familiar with the different writing styles, it's time to test your detective skills.

As in the previous excercises, you will see three random documents, perhaps one of each primary source, one-at-a-time. However, for added fun and challenge, let's time it. You will have 3 minutes (180 seconds) to look at each document and identify on the map where it took place and what time period it was written. Then you will answer three multiple-choice questions about the document. Each story will have seven questions, for a total of 21 questions at the end of the Speed Round. Your final score will be totaled from all 21 questions.

Good luck...Ready?

Three more days to go until the elections.

Last night around 8 PM I went to DOS meeting in the center of ________where Vojislav Kostunica was speaking to the mass of people. Around 200,000 people were on the streets last night. The meeting was different then any other I used to go. Not many people held speeches and only Kostunica spoke from all the politicians who were there they all stood behind him showing that their presence is enough and that there is no more need for words. ACT is important now. 24th of September is important.

Each vote is important every individual should grasp that. Must understand that it came to that point when all of us must go to the elections. To realize that that is our main power, VOTING!

In the same time, last night Slobodan Milosevic held his meeting in the other part of the city...that is why there were not policemans around us last night, at least I didn't notice any of them. Probably they all went to guard Milosevic. I wonder from whom they keep him safe when "All the patriots are with him and his party?"

It is raining for couple of days, pouring rain with open clouds and lots of thunder. I like rain. Rain means change, I wait for change for 10 years. My people want change. They can't stand no more this so called living...better to say survival. Survival in _______from 1990 until one. We all are winners, we managed to keep our mind cool and a safe place from all the things we saw, heard, experienced.

Usually lot of people are scared of change, they get used to the things they have and think of change as a great unsure risk, but I say that is LIFE! When you act when you start to think that there is something better, something normal, something more of this life that I can have. I need change. Kostunica said last night that we just want to become a normal _______country, to live ordinary, nothing exceptional, nothing in extreme, just normal, sometime usual (even boring) life, but a good one.

I want to live in a country in which 10 year olds will not mention any of the politicians in their ordinary conversation, not any foreign currency, not any news about people disappearing, media closing, etc.

I just want to be free in my country, just want to start living and try to realize why it took us 10 years to begun our biggest resistance against this government?

I felt power last night, I felt the need for better night, I saw many old people last night, many high school kids, young parents with babies and small children. They all will get up in the morning on Sunday, go to elections and circle under FREEDOM FUTURE LIFE. They will circle under new life. On one piace of white paper they will chose between isolation and new beginning.

It will be a great day, September 24th.

[An account during the Roman Empire just before Jesus Christ was born]

There is nothing so ruinous to good character as to idle away one's time at some spectacle. Vices have a way of creeping in because of the feeling of pleasure that it brings. Why do you think that I say that I personally return from shows greedier, more ambitious and more given to luxury, and I might add, with thoughts of greater cruelty and less humanity, simply because I have been among humans?

The other day, I chanced to drop in at the midday games, expecting sport and wit and some relaxation to rest men's eyes from the sight of human blood. Just the opposite was the case. Any fighting before that was as nothing; all trifles were now put aside - it was plain butchery.

The men had nothing with which to protect themselves, for their whole bodies were open to the thrust, and every thrust told. The common people prefer this to matches on level terms or request performances. Of course they do. The blade is not parried by helmet or shield, and what use is skill or defense? All these merely postpone death.

In the morning men are thrown to bears or lions, at midday to those who were previously watching them. The crowd cries for the killers to be paired with those who will kill them, and reserves the victor for yet another death. This is the only release the gladiators have. The whole business needs fire and steel to urge men on to fight. There was no escape for them. The slayer was kept fighting until he could be slain.

'Kill him! Flog him! Burn him alive!' (the spectators roared) 'Why is he such a coward? Why won't he rush on the steel? Why does he fall so meekly? Why won't he die willingly?"

Unhappy as I am, how have I deserved that I must look on such a scene as this? Do not, my Lucilius, attend the games, I pray you. Either you will be corrupted by the multitude, or, if you show disgust, be hated by them. So stay away."

The mode of embalming, according to the most perfect process, is the following: They take first a crooked piece of iron, and with it draw out the brain through the nostrils, thus getting rid of a portion, while the skull is cleared of the rest by rinsing with drugs; next they make a cut along the flank with a sharp Ethiopian stone, and take out the whole contents of the abdomen, which they then cleanse, washing it thoroughly with palm wine, and again frequently with an infusion of pounded aromatics. After this they fill the cavity with the purest bruised myrrh, with cassia, and every other sort of spicery except frankincense, and sew up the opening.

Herodotus (collection guide: Historical and Public Figures: A General Portrait File to the early 20th century)

Herodotus was a Greek historian in the fifth century BCE.

Then the body is placed in natrum for seventy days, and covered entirely over. After the expiration of that space of time, which must not be exceeded, the body is washed, and wrapped round, from head to foot, with bandages of fine linen cloth, smeared over with gum, which is used generally by the Egyptians in the place of glue, and in this state it is given back to the relations, who enclose it in a wooden case which they have had made for the purpose, shaped into the figure of a man. Then fastening the case, they place it in a sepulchral chamber, upright against the wall. Such is the most costly way of embalming the dead.

If persons wish to avoid expense, and choose the second process, the following is the method pursued: Syringes are filled with oil made from the cedar-tree, which is then, without any incision or disembowelling, injected into the abdomen. The passage by which it might be likely to return is stopped, and the body laid in natrum the prescribed number of days. At the end of the time the cedar-oil is allowed to make its escape; and such is its power that it brings with it the whole stomach and intestines in a liquid state. The natrum meanwhile has dissolved the flesh, and so nothing is left of the dead body but the skin and the bones. It is returned in this condition to the relatives, without any further trouble being bestowed upon it.

The third method of embalming, which is practised in the case of the poorer classes, is to clear out the intestines with a clyster, and let the body lie in natrum the seventy days, after which it is at once given to those who come to fetch it away.




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