UNIT 5: Early Belief Systems
UNIT AUDIO GLOSSARY
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Persian empire of the seventh century BCE.
Shinto sun goddess.
Chief god of the ancient Egyptians.
The belief that personalized, supernatural beings (or souls) inhabit ordinary objects and govern their existence.
Classic Mayan archeological site.
Vedic sacred knowledge, and later the absolute power of the universe in Hindu belief.
Chinese religion that encourages spontaneity and the development of connections to the Dao, the force balancing the universe.
Earliest known culture in Indus valley, 2300 - 1500 BCE.
Dominant belief system in India with a diverse array of belief systems, practices, and scriptures; originated in ancient Vedic culture at least as far back as 2000 BCE.
Influenced by the Vedic traditions and texts, Jains strive for an intense ethical life to gain release from reincarnation.
Spirits dwelling in animate and inaminate places and things in Japanese Shinto belief.
Chinese philosopher who taught that human's innate morality is corrupted by society, circa 372 - 289 BCE.
Best-documented ancient city in Indus valley, 2300 - 1500 BCE.
Mother civilization of Mesoamerican cultures, 1200 - 800 BCE.
State in northwest China that unified China for the first time during the Qin dynasty, 221 - 210 BCE.
Priest who channels spirits for his or her religious community.
Literally "Way of the Gods"; indigenous religion of Japan.
Hindu sacred texts about meditation and spiritual debates.
Hindu sacred texts of orally transmitted hymns from about 2000 BCE.
Chinese philosopher who taught that men are born evil and must be taught how to live ethically, sometimes through punishments, 312 - 235 BCE (Warring States period).
Also known as Zarathustra; founder of Zoroastrianism, lived in Persia during the sixth century BCE.
Persian belief system that combines aspects of monotheism and dualism; strongly influenced Judaism and Manichaeism.
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