Glossary for the letter "S":
Click the audio icon to hear pronunciations. View full glossary.
|Safavid Empire |
Iranian kingdom established by Ismail Safavi, who declared Iran (Persia) a Shi'ite state, 1502 - 1722.
Arabic word meaning "shore" and referring to the dry area between the Sahara and the forests or grasslands south of it.
French Caribbean colony that produced sugar and considerable revenue for France; it later became the independent nation of Haiti.
Trade city along the Silk Road in Central Asia.
The sole ruler of the Inka, believed to be a descendant of the sun god and his representative on earth; his cult became the center of the Inkan state religion.
Indian clothing for women consisting of one long piece of cloth wrapped around the body and over the shoulder.
Clothing for men and women in Southeast Asia consisting of one piece of cloth wrapped around the waist.
Last Persian empire before the expansion of Arab peoples, 224 - 642 CE.
Persian government, 224 - 651 CE.
Political philosophy of Gandhi that stressed nonviolent resistance.
Indian film director.
System of settled human groups living in a permanent settlement.
Fifteenth-century Korean ruler who ordered the creation of a written script for the Korean language.
Priest who channels spirits for his or her religious community.
First Chinese dynasty, eighteenth to eleventh centuries BCE .
Title for an Arab tribal leader.
Muslims who believe that their leader should be a direct descendant of the Prophet Muhammad.
The Safavids made Shi'ia the state religion of Persia.
Literally "Way of the Gods"; indigenous religion of Japan.
Manors or estates of nobility during and after Japanese Heian period.
Japanese military ruler of Japan, circa 1200 - 1868.
Government of the shogun.
The given name of the Buddha.
State that unified the Korean peninsula for the first time in 668 CE and ruled as the Silla dynasty until the tenth century.
Chinese historian of the Han dynasty.
Leader of independence movement in South America, 1783 - 1830.
Jamaican music style that influenced reggae.
City with less than one million residents.
Chinese dynasty, 960 - 1279 CE.
Last of the three great empires in the western Sudan from the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries.
Bantu-speaking peoples of southern Africa who fought against European settlement and colonization.
Empire in Southeast Asia that controlled trade from the fifth to fifteenth century CE.
Mystical approach to Islam.
Ancient city-state in Mesopotamia which saw the invention of cuneiform writing about 3500 BCE.
From Sumer, the earliest Mesopotamian society.
Founder of the Malian empire in the thirteenth century; protagonist of epic tales performed by griots.
The Muslim majority who believe that the community should select its own leadership instead of only looking to direct descendants of the Prophet Muhammad.
Term derived from "swadesh," used to name the boycott of foreign-made goods led by Mohandas Gandhi in British-controlled India.
Literally "of our own country".
East African people who speak Swahili, the Bantu language that draws upon borrowed Arabic words as well as words from other languages spoken by mariners in the Indian Ocean.
back to top
© Annenberg Foundation 2015. All rights reserved. Legal Policy