Glossary for the letter "M":
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|Macchu Picchu |
Sacred city of the Inka.
City-state in southeast Asia at the center of sea trade routes around 1500.
Second great empire in western Sudan, 1240 - 1500 CE.
People from Manchuria, northeast of China, who conquered China in the seventeenth century and ruled as the Qing dynasty from 1644 - 1911.
From early Indian cosmology, a sacred diagram of the cosmos composed of concentric circles or rectangles.
Niger-Congo language group in West Africa associated with formation of the Mali Empire.
Religion based on the teachings of the Persian Mani, who envisioned the duality of good and evil, circa 216 - 276 CE.
Fourteenth-century Malian king who travelled to Mecca for a hajj.
Communist Chinese leader who helped establish the People's Republic of China in 1949; ruled China from 1949 - 1960 and from 1966 - 1976, lived 1893 - 1976.
Indigenous people in New Zealand.
Indigenous people of the southern regions of South America.
Jamaican who founded the United Negro Improvement Association in 1916 to help blacks in the Americas move back to Africa, 1887 - 1940.
Marquês de Pombal
Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, eighteenth-century Portuguese chief minister who organized the expulsion of the Jesuits from the Americas.
The title of Ousamequin, leader of the Pokanoket and the Wampanoag tribes, who negotiated a treaty with the Pilgrims for their alliance against the Narragansett in 1622.
South Asian dynasty, 322 - 183 BCE.
Archaeological site of early agricultural settlement in South Asia, on the Kachi Plain of modern Pakistan.
Political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism.
Chinese philosopher who taught that human's innate morality is corrupted by society, circa 372 - 289 BCE.
European economic policies of the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries that restricted colonial trade to keep control of indigenous monetary systems.
Printed cotton cloth used to make kanga garments for women in Zanzibar, probably introduced by American traders and made from handkerchiefs sewn together.
Relating to the Meroe kingdom under Nubian control.
Area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers; Sumer and Akkad were the two earliest societies established in that area.
Term used by Spanish colonial administrators to describe someone of mixed Native American and European heritage.
Set of spatial structures through which people order their knowledge of the world.
Literally "the crushing" in Zulu; the events in southern Africa following Shaka Zulu's rise to power, which was in part possible because of destabilization caused by European encroachment.
The last leader of the USSR whose liberalization programs led to the collapse of communist rule in the USSR and Eastern Europe, born 1931.
Japanese city whose citizens were affected by mercury poisoning in the 1950s, leading the Japanese government in the 1960s to close down a chemical plant that had been dumping mercury in the sea.
Brazilian state that experienced a series of mining booms beginning with gold in the late seventeenth century and continuing with iron ore in the nineteenth century.
The Inka's communal labor requirements based on shared obligations to kinship groups and royal projects.
Strategy or tool to aid memory.
Port city along the east coast of Africa.
Leader of Indian independence movement and advocate of nonviolent civil disobedience in the face of unjust laws, 1869 - 1948.
Best-documented ancient city in Indus valley, 2300 - 1500 BCE.
Port city along the east coast of Africa.
Christians of the fifth to seventh centuries who taught that Jesus was solely divine and did not have two natures, the human and the divine.
Jewish philosopher and physician born in Cordoba and exiled to Cairo where he advised Saladin, 1135 - 1204.
Modern country in southern Africa.
Muslim state that controlled most of the Indian subcontinent from 1526 - 1857 CE.
In Islam, the prophet who received the last revelation from God.
Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Wahhab
Eighteenth-century Muslim religious leader who preached a fundamentalist approach to his followers in the Arabian peninsula.
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