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AUDIO GLOSSARY


Glossary for the letter "C":

Click the audio icon to hear pronunciations. View full glossary.


xcacao Audio Pronunciation of cacao
Mesoamerican food used now to make chocolate.

Cahokia Audio Pronunciation of Cahokia
Mississippian urban civilization active from 900 to 1400 CE with large mounds in the shapes of animals like snakes.

caliphate of Cordoba Audio Pronunciation of caliphate of Cordoba
Muslim government based in the city of Cordoba on the Iberian peninsula.

campesinos Audio Pronunciation of campesinos
Subsistence farmers in Central or South America.

capoeira  Audio Pronunciation of capoeira
Brazilian martial art developed by enslaved Africans in the 1500s.

Carolingian Empire  Audio Pronunciation of Carolingian Empire
Territory controlled by Charlemagne and his sons.

cassava Audio Pronunciation of cassava
Mesoamerican plant with roots rich in nutritious starch; also known as yucca, manioc, and tapioca.

Çatalhöyük Audio Pronunciation of Çatalhöyük
Early settlement in modern-day Turkey, circa 7000 BCE.

celadon Audio Pronunciation of celadon
Chinese porcelain with a light green glaze.

Chang'an Audio Pronunciation of Chang'an
Chinese capital city during the Han and Tang dynasties.

chattel slaves Audio Pronunciation of chattel slaves
Persons who are the property of another and provide slave labor from birth to death.

Chavin de Huantar Audio Pronunciation of Chavin de Huantar
Early Andean city state from about 1000 to 100 BCE.

Chechens Audio Pronunciation of Chechens
People in Central Asia who are mostly Muslim and fought for independence from Russia after the breakup of the USSR.

Chi Wara Audio Pronunciation of Chi Wara
A legendary farming antelope who taught Bamana ancestors to farm and is honored with a ritual dance.

Chiang Kai-shek Audio Pronunciation of Chiang Kai-shek
General and leader of the Republic of China from 1925 - 1949 who then moved his government to the island of Taiwan; given name Jiang Jieshi, 1887 - 1975.

Chichén Itzá Audio Pronunciation of Chichén Itzá
Mayan palace archaeological site.

Chileans Audio Pronunciation of Chileans
People who live in Chile, a South American country on the Pacific coast.

Chinggis Khan Audio Pronunciation of Chinggis Khan
Mongol leader who created the Mongol empire, 1167 - 1227.

chinoiserie Audio Pronunciation of chinoiserie
Fashion for Chinese themes in western European decoration beginning in the late seventeenth century.

Choson dynasty Audio Pronunciation of Choson dynasty
Korean dynasty, 1392 - 1910.

Choshu Audio Pronunciation of Choshu
One of the key domains in Japan which fought to restore imperial rule in Tokugawa Japan, leading to the Meiji Restoration.

cliometric Audio Pronunciation of cliometric
The use of econometric techniques to study history.

codex Audio Pronunciation of codex
Mesoamerican book that recorded information about astrology, religion, ritual, history, and law; very few pre-Hispanic codices survived the Spanish book burnings.

Constantine Audio Pronunciation of Constantine
Roman ruler who shifted the capital of the Empire to the east, converted to Christianity, and founded the Byzantine Empire.

Copan Audio Pronunciation of Copan
Mayan palace archaeological site.

corvée Audio Pronunciation of corvée
French word meaning labor service owed to the state.

Cuzco Audio Pronunciation of Cuzco
Capital city of the Inka.

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