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Michael Faraday (1791-1867, left) had little formal education in science or mathematics, but performed a tremendous series of experiments in electricity and magnetism in his laboratory in Scotland that teased out both the subtle features and basic laws of both phenomena. James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879, right) provided the theoretical counterpart to Faraday's experimental program. Maxwell synthesized numerous, disparate experimental results into a coherent theory of electricity and magnetism. (Unit: 2)