spacetime

In classical physics, space and time are considered separate things. Space is three-dimensional, and can be divided into a three-dimensional grid of cubes that describes the Euclidean geometry familiar from high-school math class. Time is one-dimensional in classical physics. Einstein's theory of special relativity combines the three dimensions of space and one dimension of time into a four-dimensional grid called "spacetime." Spacetime may be flat, in which case Euclidean geometry describes the three space dimensions, or curved. In Einstein's theory of general relativity, the distribution of matter and energy in the universe determines the curvature of spacetime.