Neuroscience and the Classroom: Making Connections
- affective neuroscience
- A term used to describe the field of neuroscience investigating questions related to affect, including emotions and goals. Affective neuroscience questions are interrelated with questions in cognitive neuroscience; these fields are considered to overlap significantly.
- A general term referring to a collection of possible difficulties, acquired or congenital, related to music-related processing in relation to features such as rhythm, pitch, or tone.
- An anatomical location in the brain positioned medially and distinctive for the almond-shape set of neurons. The region plays a critical role in emotion processing, in conjunction with other regions of the limbic system.
- An acquired disorder, most commonly the result of a stroke, which impairs a person's ability to use and or understand language in service of communication. Difficulties can extend into reading and writing skills in addition to oral language.
- attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- A diagnostic category describing a developmental disability that primarily impacts attention capacities with secondary difficulties most often observed in behavior and learning environments. Clinicians rely on criteria for reaching a diagnosis of ADHD using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), most typically.
- autism spectrum disorders
- A diagnostic category describing a developmental disability that primarily impacts socioemotional functioning. Clinicians rely on criteria described by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), most typically, in three categories: social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors or interests.