Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum

Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

Monthly Update sign up
Mailing List signup
Follow The Annenberg Learner on LinkedIn Follow The Annenberg Learner on Facebook Follow Annenberg Learner on Twitter


9 Game Theory



When no player has anything to gain by switching strategies, an equilibrium is reached.

back to top

Game Theory

Game theory is the mathematical study of social interactions as games that have payoffs for the players.

back to top

Hawks and Doves

Hawks and Doves is a classic game that serves as a rudimentary model for the evolution of cooperative and aggressive behavior in animal populations.

back to top

Minimax Theorem

In a zero-sum game, the best strategy is the one that minimizes the greatest potential loss.

back to top

Payoff Matrix

This is a way to collect and analyze all possible strategies and results in a game.

back to top

Prisoner's Dilemma

The Prisoner's Dilemma is a classic example of a non-zero-sum game. Briefly, two criminals are apprehended and must decide whether or not to betray the other. They are not allowed to communicate with each other. Some outcomes of the game are demonstrably better for both players than other outcomes.

back to top

Public Goods Game

This game seeks to model how resources are divided among people.

back to top

Ultimatum Game

The ultimatum game is sometimes used by anthropologists to measure what cultures consider to be "fair." In the game, one person is given a sum of money to share with another person. The second person can elect to accept or reject the offer. If the offer is rejected, no one gets any money.

back to top


Zero-sum games are games in which one player's loss is exactly equal to another player's gain.

back to top


HomeVideo CatalogAbout UsSearchContact Us

© Annenberg Foundation 2013. All rights reserved. Privacy Policy