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Protest and Politics

1968, Year of the Barricades

References and Further Readings


Ali, Tariq, and Susan Watkins. 1968: Marching in the Streets. New York: The Free Press, 1998.

Beezley, William H. Mexico in World History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Bourg, Julian. From Revolution to Ethics: May 1968 and Contemporary French Thought. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2007.

Brothers, Caroline. War and Photograph: A Cultural History. London and New York: Routledge, 1997.

Castañeda, Jorge G. Mañana Forever? Mexico and the Mexicans. New York: Alfred A. Knoph, 2011.

Dubček, Alexander. Hope Dies Last: The Autobiography of Alexander Dubček. Edited and translated by Jiri Hochman. New York: Kodansha International, 1993.

Flanner, Janet. Paris Journal: Volume II, 1965-1971. Edited by William Shawn. New York: Atheneum, 1971.

Fraser, Ronald, ed. 1968: A Student Generation in Revolt. New York: Pantheon Books, 1988.

Korbel, Josepf. Twentieth-Century Czechoslovakia: The Meanings of Its History. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977.

Kurlansky, Mark. 1968: The Year that Rocked the World. New York: Ballantine Books, 2004.

Littell, Robert, ed. The Czech Black Book. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1969.

Poniatowska, Elena. Massacre in Mexico. Columbia, MO and London: University of Missouri Press, 1975.

Preston, Julia, and Samuel Dillon. Opening Mexico: The Making of a Democracy. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2004.

Ross, Kristin. May ’68 and Its Afterlives. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2002.

Television, Film, Websites

"Vietnam: A Television History"
A public television special and online resources about the Vietnam War.

"The Chicago 10"
A public television special, website, and classroom materials about protests at the 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago.

NPR Radio series “Echoes of 1968”
Excellent coverage of multiple events of 1968, from student protests in various countries to the assassination of Robert Kennedy, to the Apollo Eight mission.

BBC: On This Day
This website allows users to search particular days and years for BBC content including video, photographs, audio, and text on historic events. There are entries for some of the countries covered in this collection, as well as other events from 1968. Just a few examples are:

“Russia Brings Winter to Prague Spring”

 “Workers Join Paris Student Protest”

“Student Riots Threaten Mexico Olympics”

Photographer Pedro Meyer’s website chronicling Mexico City in 1968

The Goethe Institut’s “1968 Worldwide”
This website, created by a German cultural organization, features several interviews with people who participated in protests in 1968 in countries around the world.

The National Security Archive, The George Washington University
This website’s “electronic briefing book” provides declassified U.S. government documents related to U.S.-Mexico relations and events leading up to and following the Tlatelolco massacre.

Global Nonviolent Action Database
This website, created by students and faculty at Swarthmore College, presents an overview of events in Mexico City in 1968.

Teaching a People’s History: The Zinn Education Project
This website supports the use of historian Howard Zinn’s book A People’s History of the United States and includes resources about the Tlatelolco massacre, such as Mexican poet Rosario Castellanos’s poem, “Memory of Tlatelolco” (print and Spanish audio).

This website is in French, but presents numerous photographs from 1968, including images of the many “affiches de mai” — posters from the protest movement.

Columbia 1968
This website was created as part of a conference held in 2008 on the 40th anniversary of the student protests at Columbia University. There are numerous first-person remembrances and other resources, such as links to articles written in the mainstream press at the time of the protests.

Columbia University 1968
This website offers a first-person remembrance of events at Columbia in 1968. It is not affiliated with the university.

About Mark Rudd

Grade Level

Middle & High School

Classroom Connections

English Language Arts
Social Studies
U.S. History
World History

Curriculum Snapshot

  • Student protests and worker strikes in France
  • The “Prague Spring,” the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, and anti-Soviet youth protest
  • Student protest in Mexico
  • Columbia University student protests

Video Connection



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