Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum

Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

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Immigration, Urbanization, and Identity

The Progressive Era City

References and Further Readings

Encyclopedia of American History: The Emergence of Modern America, 1900 to 1928, Revised Edition (Volume VII). New York: Facts on File, Inc., 2010. 

Human Rights Watch, “US: Child Farmworkers’ Dangerous Lives”

Wikipedia, “Child Labour in India”

International Labour Organization, “Child Labour”  

The Daily Mail online, “The Stark Reality of iPod’s Chinese Factories”  

National Center for History in the Schools (2014).

Yale Univerity, American Studies Program

Mornings on Maple Street

The Russell Sage Foundation and the Pittsburgh Survey

Trattner, Walter. Crusade for the Children: A History of the National Child Labor Committee and Child Labor Reform in America. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1970.

Grade Level

Middle & High School

Classroom Connections

English Language Arts
Social Studies
U.S. History

Curriculum Snapshot

  • The rapid urbanization caused by waves of immigrants coming from eastern and southern Europe, as well as from China, from the 1880s–1920s
  • Child labor practices that were commonplace in mills, factories, and mines
  • Immigrants struggling to maintain their cultural identity in the midst of creating a new home in the United States


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