Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum

Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

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Immigration, Urbanization, and Identity

The Progressive Era City

Essential Questions

Essential questions help organize the content and collections. Exploring the concepts of immigration and urbanization through this collection of photographs will invite students to consider the following questions:

  • How can cultural identity be maintained when emigrating to a new country?
  • How can images be used as historical documents to help support a claim?
  • How were images used to influence the public perception of child labor and legislation to protect child workers?
  • How can images be used as propaganda?
  • Why are images often used to effect social change?

Grade Level

Middle & High School

Classroom Connections

English Language Arts
Social Studies
U.S. History

Curriculum Snapshot

  • The rapid urbanization caused by waves of immigrants coming from eastern and southern Europe, as well as from China, from the 1880s–1920s
  • Child labor practices that were commonplace in mills, factories, and mines
  • Immigrants struggling to maintain their cultural identity in the midst of creating a new home in the United States


To download this collection, you must agree to the following terms:

Photos downloaded from the Essential Lens site are cleared for educational use only.

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Collection PDF (large)
Collection PDF (small)

All Collection Photographs

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