Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum

Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

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Change and Resistance

Civil Rights Movements Across the Nation

Prerequisite Knowledge

Before viewing the photographs and doing the activities, students should be able to:

  • Understand American history up to 1960, including the Supreme Court ruling of Brown v. Board of Education (1955).
  • Articulate the origins of the postwar civil rights movement.
  • Explain the resistance to civil rights in the South between 1954 and 1965.
  • Understand the leadership and ideology of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X in the civil rights movement and evaluate their legacies.
  • Understand the reasons for, and the effectiveness of, the escalation from civil disobedience to more radical protest in the civil rights movement.
  • Have a general understanding of the major social, economic, and political issues affecting women in the 1960s and 1970s, and explain the conflicts these issues caused.
  • Understand that African Americans, Asian Americans, Latino Americans, and Native Americans were in a quest for civil rights and equal opportunities that became unified during the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s.

Grade Level

High School

Classroom Connections

English Language Arts
Social Studies
U.S. History

Curriculum Snapshot

  • School integration and the demand for educational reform: Little Rock, Boston, and Los Angeles
  • Voices of change and the use of argument: Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Letter from Birmingham Jail, Malcolm X’s The Ballot or the Bullet speech, the National Organization for Women’s Statement of Purpose, and the Alcatraz Red Power Movement’s Alcatraz Proclamation

Video Connection



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