How We Organize Knowledge - The Structure of the Disciplines
Bransford, J. D., Brown, & A. L., Cocking, R.
R. (Eds.). (2000). Effective teaching: examples in history, mathematics,
and science (Chapter 7). In How people learn: Brain, mind, experience,
and school. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Gardner, H., & Boix Mansilla, V. (1994, February). Teaching for
understanding within and across the disciplines. Educational Leadership,51(5).
This article by Howard Gardner describes disciplinary differences.
The Knowledge Media Laboratory at the Carnegie
The Knowledge Media Laboratory (KML) of the Carnegie Foundation
for the Advancement of Teaching researches and develops new uses
of emerging technologies and new media to enhance the quality of
teaching and learning.
The National Board for Professional Teaching
This Web site, which describes the history and background of the
National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, includes the
standards for certification in various subject areas and provides
suggestions for using the National Board process as a platform for
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
This Web site includes resources, lessons, and activities for teaching
mathematics in elementary, middle and high school. NCTM principles
and standards for teaching K-12 mathematics are listed on this site.
National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)
This Web site highlights teacher resources, national satellite broadcasts,
and regional events for K-12 and college science education. Science
Class, a monthly electronic newsletter, is available to nonmembers.
NSTA membership provides support with standards, assessment, inquiry-based
learning, and integrating technology and teaching.
National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS)
This Web site includes information for social studies educators,
including teaching resources, information about professional development,
and the national social studies standards.
National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE)
This Web site includes resources for K-12 and college teachers in
English studies, literacy, and language arts. The site includes
a collection of standards-based lesson plans and Web resources,
an index of subject-specific resources, funding resources, and information
on national conferences.
American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages
This Web site includes online resources, publications, workshops,
and proficiency testing information for foreign language educators
at all levels of instruction.
Return to Support
Materials for Session 10.