Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum

Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

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9 / Portraits

Andy Warhol
Andy Warhol
Artist / Origin Alice Neel (American, 1900–1984)
Region: North America
Date 1970
Material Oil on canvas
Medium: Painting
Dimensions H: 60 in. (152.4 cm.), W: 40 in. (101.6 cm.)
Location Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Credit Photo courtesy of the artist’s estate. © Alice Neel

expert perspective

Ann TemkinChief Curator of Painting and Sculpture, Museum of Modern Art, New York

Andy Warhol

» Alice Neel (American, 1900–1984)

expert perspective

Ann Temkin Ann Temkin Chief Curator of Painting and Sculpture, Museum of Modern Art, New York

Alice Neel was born in 1900 and lived until 1984, and she essentially lived through most of the twentieth century and all of the artistic styles that came and went in that time. When she came of age in the twenties, thirties, it wasn’t very usual for a painter to decide that portraiture was going to be what they’d focus on. And, of course, at that point it was also highly unusual that a painter would be a woman. And in the twenties, thirties, forties, and fifties, she worked extremely diligently and without too much recognition. In the sixties, the Women’s Movement and Feminism ended up lifting her as a heroine into the limelight, and a change in art history that was kind of reacting against abstraction and Abstract Expressionism and coming again to look at figuration with work like Pop Art. And so, for the last twenty-five years of her life, she had great renown.

And Alice Neel often spoke about the job that she did as a portrait painter being one that involved a lot of, you could say, psychology. And she would spend a lot of her sessions focusing not so much on painting the person, but talking to the person, getting the person going, figuring out the person. She was very overtly acknowledging whenever she spoke about her work that a lot of her role, she saw, was as a partner to the person who was sitting for her. There is something that is not normal about sitting and having your portrait made, and so what an artist has to do to lure or even to trick the sitter into being themself instead of feeling artificial, became for Alice Neel, and for many other portrait painters, as much part of their skill set as their technical skills in painting.

One of her very most famous pictures is her portrait of Andy Warhol after he was shot, showing his scar. Even with Andy Warhol, the most famous artist of that moment, she’s not out to show him as a superstar, she’s out to show him as this vulnerable, wounded, undressed, frightened guy—not just conforming to the cliché, but really trying to say, ‘Who is this complicated person who’s got sadness as well as happiness, failure as well as triumph—all of that, that we all are.’” 


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