Throughout history, art and writing have had a special relationship to religion. Many of the world’s major religions have used art to honor the divine or to pass on the teachings of the faith. When the sacred texts of a religion are decorated, both of these goals are achieved at once.
The embellishment of the sacred word is important in many religions, particularly in Judaism and Islam, where figurative arts have traditionally been prohibited. Why do you think that the decoration of words might be acceptable when figurative imagery is not?
In the Hebrew manuscript page, decorative elements are confined largely to the margins, whereas the Qur’an page makes the letters themselves the primary decorative elements. How do these different approaches impact the legibility of the words? Do you think is legibility important here? Why or why not?
Both of these pages represent text from books of recognized religious value. If a given text is already considered sacred, what is the significance of ornamenting it?